Elaine Genders is a Reader in Criminology. She joined the Faculty in 1990, having
spent the previous ten years from 1980 to 1990 as a Research Fellow at the University
of Oxford Centre for Criminological Research, where she conducted major research
(funded by the Home Office to a total of over £500,000) into Crown Court
sentencing, women in prison, race relations in prison. HMP Grendon: a therapeutic
community prison, and violent crime. She remains an Associate member of University
of Oxford Centre for Criminological Research, and is a Member of the British
Society of Criminology; Howard League for Penal Reform; National Association
for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders; Centre for Crime and Justice Studies,
and Friends of Grendon Prison.
Elaine has given official evidence to Lord Justice Woolf's Inquiry into Prison
Disturbances (1990) (written and oral evidence) (Report published 1991) and
the Royal Commission on Criminal Justice (1992) (written evidence) (Report published
1993). She served as a member of the Home Office Working Party on devising standards
and specifications for the setting up of a new therapeutic prison and from 1996-2003
was appointed as Special Consultant to the Home Office on devising specifications
and evaluating bids for the procurement the therapeutic community element of
HMP Dovegate under the government’s DCMF initiative; and was a specialist
invitee to meetings of the Middle Management Advisory Group on the Development
of the Therapeutic Community at West Hill (now moved to HMP Send) from 2002-4.
She currently serves as the Ministry of Justice Independent Representative on
the Advisory Committee on the Development of the Therapeutic Regime at HMP Dovegate
and as a member of the Advisory Panel on the Regime at HMP Grendon Underwood.
She has also been the cold reviewer (part of the auditing of the Audit Commission
procedure) of two Audit Commission Reports on the Government’s performance
in relation to imprisonment.
She has published widely on Criminology, has presented many papers at conferences,
at the Home Office and at leading universities; and is a member of the Editorial
Board of the International Journal of Law in Context.
Research Elaine's research interests are in Crime and Criminal Justice issues, including:
The history of ideas - literary representations of crime, metaphysics and
She is currently researching in the fields of prison privatisation; prison
therapeutic communities; and women in prison.
Grendon: A Study of a Therapeutic Prison (Oxford University Press 1995)
(with Elaine Player);
Race Relations in Prisons (Oxford University Press 1989) (with Elaine Player);
Journal Articles and Book Chapters include:
Genders, E. and Player, E. (2007) The Commercial Context of Criminal Justice:
Prison Privatisation and the Perversion of Purpose, Criminal Law Review,
Genders, E. and Player, E. (2004) 'Grendon: A Therapeutic Community in Prison'
in J. Lees, N.Manning, D.Menzies & N.Morant (eds) A Culture of Enquiry:
Research Evidence and the Therapeutic Community (Jessica Kingsley)
Genders, E. (2003) 'Prison Privatisation, Performance Targets & Value
for Money? Fundamental Fallacies and the Perversion of Purpose' in The
Genders, E. (2003) 'Privatisation & Innovation - Rhetoric & Reality:
The Development of a Therapeutic Community Prison' in the Howard Journal
Genders, E. (2002) 'Legitimacy, Accountability & Private Prisons' in
Punishment & Society Vol 4(3)
Genders, E. and Player, E. (2000). ‘Therapeutic Achievements at Grendon’
in J. Shine (ed) A Compilation of Grendon Research. Aylesbury, HMP
Grendon Underwood, pp109-130
Genders, E. (1999) ‘Reform of the Offences Against the Person Act:
Lessons from the Law in Action’ Criminal Law Review, September
Genders, E. and Morrison, S. (1996) 'When Violence is the Norm' in N. Walker
(ed.) Dangerous People (Blackstone Press)
Genders, E. and Player, E. (1994) 'Race Relations in Prison: The Dynamics
of Discrimination' in I. Gwynedd-Jones (ed) Social Policy, Crime and Punishment
(University of Wales Press)
Genders, E. and Player, E. (l993) 'Rehabilitation in Prisons: A study of
Grendon Underwood' Current Legal Problems. vol. 46 pp. 235-256
Genders, E. and Player, E. (1990) 'Women Lifers:Assessing the Experience'
in American Prison Journal - Special Issue on Long Term incarceration
and Inmates, Summer 1990, pp.46-57
Genders, E. and Player, E. (1987) 'Women in Prison: The Treatment, the Control
and the Experience', in P. Carlen and A. Worrall eds. Gender, Crime &
Justice (Open University Press)
Genders, E and Player, E. (1986) 'Womens Imprisonment: The Effects of Youth
Custody' in British Journal of Crimonology, October
Ashworth, A., Genders, E., Mansfield, G., Peay, J., Player, E (l984) Sentencing
in the Crown Court . Oxford Centre for Criminological Research, Occasional
Paper No. l0.
Current Teaching Undergraduate
Crime & Criminal Justice
Elaine welcomes approaches from prospective doctoral students; her areas of
expertise are prisons; therapeutic communities; various forms of crime e.g.
violent crime, race & crime / criminal justice, women & crime / criminal
justice; theoretical criminology/theories of crime.
The application process for the 2014-15 academic session, for entry in September 2014, is now closed.
Information regarding applications for September 2015 will be updated on the website in September 2014.
IMPORTANT NOTICE : Updated 28 May 2014
The Home Office issued an update about the acceptance of ETS tests (including TOEFL). They have now confirmed that Higher Education students applying for a Tier 4 visa may use a TOEFL test taken after 17 April, if a Higher Education Institution is willing to use its academic discretion. For those students entering in September 2014, UCL will continue to accept the TOEFL even if it was taken after 17 April. However, if an applicant still needs to book a test then we recommend that they take an alternative test to TOEFL. Those who have already arranged to take a different test following the previous advice from the Home Office, we encourage you to go ahead with taking the alternative test.
The TOEFL test will continue to be accepted for 2014 entrants who have been asked to take an English language qualification as part of their offer condition, and do not need to apply for a visa to study in the UK.