He holds a Ph.D. in Economics from the London School of Economics
and the J.D.
from Michigan Law School. He was a Lecturer in Law & Economics, University
College London, 1987-1991; a Lecturer in Economics, Cambridge University, 1991-1997
and became Professor of Law & Economics at UCL Laws in 1998. He has advised
many national and international agencies (UNEP, World Bank, China Council) on
issues relating to environmental and technological management and regulation.
His current areas of research include intellectual property rights, technological
diffusion, and biotechnology management.
A) Current EU Research Projects
Interdisciplinary analysis of water management problems, focusing on collective
action problems in Tunisia and water demand management in Portugal. Xiaoying
Liu is the research assistant involved.
Legal and economic analysis of the provision of global public goods, focusing
on the problem of indigenous knowledge and its use in R&D in western industries.
Mare Sarr is the research assistant involved.
Analysis of the interaction between biodiversity reserves and agricultural production
systems in the EU, focusing on a case study of Natura2000 reserves in the UK.
Dr. Andreas Kontoleon is the research assistant involved.
Analysis of economic instruments in environmental regulation, focusing on the
role of eco-labelling in informing consumers. Dr. Andreas Kontoleon is the research
B) Current PhD Students
Shin Wei Ng (laws)
Evolution of Property Rights in China
Javier Tapia (laws)
The Political Economy of Energy Regulation
Shaun Larcom (laws)
Analysis of Justice in Indigenous Legal Systems
Mare Sarr (economics)
North South relations, resources and conflict.
Xiaoying Liu (economics)
Forest management in China.
The Value of Genetic Resources for R&D: A Survey, (with Sarr and Goeschl),
Re-Telling the Tale of the Commons: Governance Problems as Commons Problems,
International Review of Environmental Economics, 1(1), 2007.
Valuing Complex Goods: Can you get anything out of an expert other than
an opinion? (with Groom and Kontoleon), Research in Law & Economics, 31:350-385,
“Economic Evaluation of Projects Involving Forced Population Displacements”,
(with David Pearce) in Cernea (ed.) The Problem of Forced Population Displacement,
Oxford University Press:2007.
“Designing the Legacy Library for Genetic Resources” in Kontoleon,
Pascual and Swanson (eds.), Biodiversity Economics, Cambridge University Press,
“Conflicts in Conservation: the many values of the black rhinoceros”,
(with Andreas Kontoleon) in Koundouri,P. (ed.) Economics Informing Natural
Resource Management, Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, 2005.
“Diffusion and Distribution: the impacts of technological enforcement
on poor countries”, in Maskus,K. and Reichman,J. (eds.) International
Public Goods & Transfer of Technology Under a Globalised Intellectual
Property Regime, Cambridge University Press:Cambridge, 2004.
Current Working Papers
“On the Looting of Countries: Dictators and the Resource Curse”
(with Erwin Bulte, Chris Meissner and Mare Sarr).
“Economics of IPR and Traditional Knowledge”, (with Sarr), presented
at BioEcon VIII, Kings College Cambridge.
“The Impact of the NFPP on the Rural Poor in China: Regulatory Taking
or Environmental Regulation?”, (with Kontoleon and Mullan), presented
at BioEcon VIII, Kings College Cambridge.
“Regulating Land Use in Rural China: Sequential versus Vertical Regulation”
(with Ng), presented at workshop at Tsinghua University Environmental Law
“The Incidence of Water Pricing on the Poor in China”, (with
Groom, Liu and Zhang) Paper prepared in course of China Council programme
on environment policy and poverty alleviation.
“The Impact of the Sloped Land Conversion Programme in China”
(with Kontoleon, Grosjean and Zhang) Paper prepared in course of China Council
programme on environmental policy and poverty alleviation. Presented at BioEcon
VII and European Economic Association Meetings.
“International Incidence of International Agreements: do latecomers
lose out”, (with Robin Mason). Paper presented at workshops at University
of Wisconsin, Duke University.
Current Teaching Graduate
Environmental Law (Law LLM)
The Law and Economics of Regulated Industries, Markets and Networks (Law LLM
Law and Economics (Econ)
Microeconomics for Public Policy (MPP) (Econ)
Global Environmental Problems (GEP) (Econ)