UCL FACULTY OF LAWS
Centre for Law and the Environment

Centre for Law and the Environment:
Satellites and the Law

Satellite Image Gallery

(Above) North Korean Missile Facility Launch April 2009

GeoEye-1 image of the Musudan-Ri missile facility in North Korea and also an "IHS Janes" annotated version (below). This image was taken from 423 miles in space just 25 minutes before the long-range missile was launched.
GeoEye Inc. Copyright 2009. All rights reserved.

(Above) A mosaic of various agricultural fields around the world, Aster sensor, multi-spectral, 15m

Around the world, agricultural practices have developed as a function of topography, soil type, crop type, annual rainfall, and tradition. In this montage of six ASTER sub-images, the differences are graphically illustrated by the variation in field geometry and size. In Minnesota (upper left) the very regular grid pattern reflects early 19th century surveying; the size of the fields is a function of mechanization and that dictates a certain efficiency. In Kansas (upper middle), center pivot irrigation is responsible for the field pattern. In northwest Germany (upper right), the small size and random pattern of fields is a leftover from the Middle Ages. Near Santa Cruz, Bolivia (lower left), the pie or radial patterned fields are part of a settlement scheme; at the center of each unit is a small community. Outside of Bangkok, Thailand (lower middle), rice paddies fed by an extensive network of canals that is hundreds of years old, appear as small skinny rectangular fields. And in the Cerrado in southern Brazil (lower right), cheap cost of land and its flatness have resulted in enormous farms and large field sizes.

Each ASTER sub-image covers an area of 10.5 x 12 km.
Courtesy of NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team
http://asterweb.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery-detail.asp?name=agmontage

(Above) London Eye, 2006 Europa Technologies Image
(Above) Agricultural fields near Toledo, Spain, Quickbird sensor, Pan-sharpened multi-spectral infrared, 70 cm resolution

Courtesy of Eurimage

(Above) India Gate, Dehli, Google Earth 2006
(Above) The Esperanza fire, California, USA. Aster sensor, visible and near infrared, 15m resolution.

The Esperanza fire started on October 26 in the dry brush near Palm Springs, CA. By the time it was contained 6 days later, the fire had consumed 40,200 acres, and destroyed 34 homes and 20 outbuildings. Racing through grass, brush, and timber, the blaze had forced hundreds to evacuate, and it killed five firefighters who were working to protect homes. Fire officials are reporting the cause of the blaze as arson. In this ASTER image composite of visible and infrared bands, burned areas are shown in shades of red, vegetation is green, brown vegetation is brown and asphalt and concrete are blue-gray. The image covers an area of 21.4 x 26.9 km, was acquired November 3, 2006, and is centered at 33.6 degrees North latitude, 116.8 degrees West longitude.

Courtesy of NASA/GSFC/METI/ERSDAC/JAROS and U.S./Japan ASTER Science Team
http://asterweb.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery-detail.asp?name=esperanza

(Above) RGB Composite of Nighttime Lights Change, 2003 = Red, 1998 = Green, 1992 = Blue, Nighttime Lights Of India, 1km resolution.

Courtesy of Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP)
http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/dmsp/interest/india.html

(Above) QuickBird 60cm CIR Satellite Image 2004
Nigeria, Africa
(Above) Oil Spill at the Lebanese Coast, multiple sensor composites (ENVISAT ASAR, Landsat ETM+, SARTM X-Band, SARTM C-Band, VMAP Level-0), multiple resolutions.

In the course of the conflict in the Middle East, the oil-fuelled power plant of Jieh, located directly on the coastline approximately 30 km south of Beirut was hit by bombs on July 13 and 15, 2006. Part of the storage tanks caught fire and were burning for several days. A large part of the fuel was spilled into the Mediterranean Sea as a result of the blast. The Lebanese ministry of environment estimated that approximately 30,000 tons of heavy fuel oil were emmitted into the sea.
Due to south-westerly winds and the sea currents, the oil spill was partly carried out to sea and partly dispersed along the coast of Lebanon. Until the beginning of August, 2006 the Lebanese coastline has been affected from the Damour region south of Beirut to the Syrian border in the North.

Following a request for help from the Lebanese Ministry of Environment, the EC Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC) of DG Environment triggered the International Charter 'Space and Major Disasters' in order to obtain information about the extent of the oil pollution in the coastal strip and, where possible, the size of the pollution.
The Center for Satellite Based Crisis Information (ZKI) of DLR took over the project management in this activation and is producing satellite analyses in the context of the European GMES Service Elements Risk-EOS and MarCoast.

Courtesy of Center for Satellite based Crises Analysis, Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)

(Above) The satellite image on the left shows the minimum concentration of Arctic sea ice in 1979, while the image on the right shows the concentration of sea ice recorded on Sept. 21. New satellite observations show that sea ice in the Arctic is melting faster while air temperatures in the region are rising sharply, scientists say.
http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/9527485/
(Above) Beijing, IKONOS sensor, 1m,
Courtesy of GeoEye Inc. Copyright 2009. All rights reserved.

This four-meter resolution color image of Beijing, China was collected October 22, 1999 by the IKONOS satellite. The image, the first international color IKONOS image released features Tiananmen Square, shown at left, and the Temple of Heaven. The red area in the center of Tiananmen Square, upper right, is a large carpet. The Great Hall of the People, on the western edge of Tiananmen Square, is the meeting place for the National People's Congress and houses the tomb of Mao Tse-tung.

(Above) Frankfurt Airport, IKONOS sensor, 1km resolution,

Courtesy of GeoEye Inc. Copyright 2009. All rights reserved.

(Above) New Orleans, Before and After Hurricane Katrina, IKONOS, 1km resolution
Courtesy of GeoEye Inc. Copyright 2009. All rights reserved.
(Above) Jordan, Landsat ETM, Bands 4 5 3 + Pan, 15-30m resolution
Colored circles show pivot irrigation. The rocks on the left are limestone, on the right, granite.
Courtesy of Eurimage
(Above) Yongbyong Nuclear Facility, North Korea - March. 2002
Quickbird, Pan-sharpened multi-spectral, Resolution, 70 cm
Courtesy of Eurimage
http://www.eurimage.com/gallery/webfiles/qb_other.html
(Above) The White House, Washington, Google Earth 2005
(Above) Bushehr Nuclear Facility, Iran- Feb. 2002
Quickbird, Pan-sharpened multi-spectral, Resolution, 70 cm
Courtesy of Eurimage
http://www.eurimage.com/gallery/webfiles/qb_other.html
(Above) ) San Francisco
Quickbird, Pan-sharpened Multi-spectral, Off-nadir angle: 42°
Courtesy of Eurimage
http://www.eurimage.com/gallery/webfiles/qb_cities.html
(Above) Agricultural fields near Campobasso – Italy
QuickBird, subsampled infrared image with cadastral map,
Courtesy of Agrisian/Eurimage
http://www.eurimage.com/gallery/webfiles/qb_ag.html
(Above) Agricultural fields near La Havanna, Cuba
Spot 4, 10m, multispectral
Copyright: CNES©Distribution Spot Image.