Centre for Governance and Law in Europe

Centre for Law and Governance in Europe


April 2012

The European Union after the Treaty of Lisbonbook jacket
Co-Editors, Centre for Law and Governance in Europe
Cambridge University Press

This book is co-edited by the team from the Centre for Law and Governance in Europe (CLGE) and is based on lectures on the Lisbon treaty organized by the CLGE in 2010.

The volume of essays casts light on the shape and future direction of the EU in the wake of the Lisbon Treaty and highlights the incomplete nature of the reforms. Contributors analyse some of the most innovative and most controversial aspects of the Treaty, such as the role and nature of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and the relationship between the EU and the European Court of Human Rights. In addition, they reflect on the on-going economic and financial crisis in the Euro area, which has forced the EU Member States to re-open negotiations and update a number of aspects of the Lisbon 'settlement'. Together, the essays provide a variety of insights into some of the most crucial innovations introduced by the Lisbon Treaty and in the context of the adoption of the new European Financial Stability Mechanism.

For further details please see:
Cambridge University Press website

March 2012

Regulating Trade in Services in the EU and the WTO: Trust, Distrust and Economic Integrationbook jacket
Ioannis Lianos (Co-Editor with Okeoghene Odudu)
Cambridge University Press 2012

This volume is a follow-up publication for a Modern Law Review-funded conference organised by Dr. Ioannis Lianos of UCL Laws and Dr. Odudu at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. In addition to co-editing the publication, Dr. Lianos contributes two chapters advancing a different and original theory on economic integration based on the concept of system trust.

The volume includes contributions by leading trade lawyers, economists and political scientists from Europe and the US. The aim is to assess the viability of various theories of economic integration that take into account the legal, economic, political and social challenges of incorporating free trade with retaining the plurality of social welfare standards and consumer protection. Chapters cover the governance of trade in services at the European and global level; studies on the recent Services Directive and how this interacts with the principle of managed mutual recognition and harmonisation in different sectors of trade in services (social services, financial services); the recent case law of the European Courts on the enforcement of the principle of free movement of services and how this accommodates various national public interest concerns; and the interaction of the freedom to provide services with fundamental rights, including social rights. The operation of the principle of managed mutual recognition in other economic integration regimes, in particular in the context of the WTO, is also discussed.

For more information:
Cambridge University Press website
Ioannis Lianos

Oct 2010

UCL Hosts Important EU After Lisbon Debate with Members of the European Parliament

UCL's Centre for Law and Governance in Europe (CLGE) hosted a vital debate on the future of the EU after the Lisbon Treaty. Almost a year after the Lisbon Treaty came into force, six months after the UK general election, and in light of current economic/budget challenges, the event discussed the future of the European Union project. Was Lisbon the end of European integration? Is it time to transfer certain powers back to Member States? Should the EU change its focus from market integration and free trade towards a more socially just and equal Europe? Four Members of the European Parliament discussed these, and other, timely questions, in particular the Sovereignty Bill that has been recently announced by the Prime Minister:

  • Timothy Kirkhope (Member of the European Parliament, Leader of the Conservatives in the European Parliament)
  • Claude Moraes (Member of the European Parliament, Deputy Leader of the Labour Party in Europe)
  • Andrew Duff (Member of the European Parliament, Alliance of Liberals and Democrats in Europe, spokesman on constitutional affairs)
  • Gabi Zimmer (Member of the European Parliament, Confederal Group of the European United Left - Nordic Green Left).


The EU After Lisbon debate was introduced by Sir Stephen Wall (Chair, UCL Council, Vice-Chair, Business for New Europe, former UK permanent representative to the EU) and was moderated by seasoned journalist David Rennie of The Economist. After initial statements from each MEP, the debate opened to the public for questions.

Dr. Tobias Lock, Lecturer at UCL Laws and Co-Director of UCL's Centre for Law and Governance in Europe said: "MEPs are usually less restrained by daily political pressures than their national counterparts. I am therefore confident that the debate revealed their parties' true visions about the future of the EU and the UK's involvement in it."

Dr. Ioannis Lianos, Reader in European and Competition Law, and Dr. Nicola Countouris, Lecturer, both co-Directors of the CLGE added: "This debate is part of the CLGE's effort to promote a deep and continuous interaction between decision-makers, researchers and students of EU law and politics, as well as to promote the wider public's awareness of issues relating to European integration. It also illustrates UCL's increasing engagement to the interdisciplinary study of the different dimensions of the European project and Europe in general, in the context of the newly established European Institute at UCL".

March 2008

Senior Emile Noel Fellow: Dr. Ioannis Lianos has been appointed Senior Emile Noel fellow at NYU School of Law effective from September 2008. He will be working on a project examining the issue of economic evidence and expertise in competition litigation. This project constitutes a natural extension of his prize-winning book, published in 2007 (in French) on "The Transformation of Competition Law by Economic Analysis of Law" (published by Bruylant/Sakkoulas; for a description go to: http://fr.bruylant.larciergroup.com/titres/125151_0_0/la-transformation-du-droit-de-la-concurrence-par-le-recours-a-l-analyse-economique.html ) as it starts from the assumption that economic expertise plays a decisive role in antitrust law enforcement and often determines the outcome of antitrust cases.

Although the role of economic analysis in competition law is now largely accepted, there are still important differences across competition law systems. Greater recourse to economic inputs does not necessarily lead to greater convergence of legal outputs. The research explores the hypothesis that this divergence may be explained by three factors: (1) institutional dissimilarities regarding the administration of economic expertise in courts, (2) different perceptions concerning the role of the actors (economic experts, judges, regulators) of the system and (3) the role of social networks (schools of economic analysis) and power relations in shaping the behaviour of the actors of the system.

Paper on a Regulatory Theory of IP rights: Dr. Ioannis Lianos participated on March 28 at a TILEC (the law and economics centre at Tilburg University, https://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilec/ ) seminar on the interaction between competition law and IP rights (with Dean Williamson, US Department of Justice). Ioannis presented a paper on "a regulatory theory of IP: implications for competition law". More on the seminar and the discussion here http://tilec.blogspot.com/

Paper on the Microsoft case: Professor Nick Economides (NYU) and Dr. Ioannis Lianos (UCL) comparative study of bundling in EC and US competition law at the aftermath of the Microsoft case has now been posted at the AEI Reg-Markets Centre (formerly the  AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory and Market Studies) and can be downloaded here: http://www.aei-brookings.org/publications/abstract.php?pid=1255 The paper is forthcoming at the Antitrust Law Journal (2008).

Jan 2008

A Modern Law Review Grant was awarded at the Centre for Law and Governance in Europe (Dr. Ioannis Lianos, UCL, in collaboration with Dr. Okeoghene Odudu, Cambridge) in order to organize a workshop on the following topic: "Trust, distrust and economic integration: the regulation of trade in services". The workshop will explore the importance of the concept of trust in explaining the relatively important harmonization of regulatory standards in some areas and the lack of harmonisation or resistance of harmonisation in other economic areas.

One could analyse the choice between harmonisation or managed extraterritoriality (principle of equivalence, mutual recognition regimes) as being essentially a function of the trust between the regulatory systems of the home and the host State. The building of a high level of trust is a prerequisite for the application of the equivalence principle as regulators operate in a game of incomplete information. Building on game theory and organizational theory the proposed research project will attempt to explain the evolution of the law of the Internal Market and other global or regional economic integration regimes and will suggest a different approach in addressing the debate over the need to harmonize or not regulatory standards.

The results of this research will not only be relevant to the European Internal Market project but will also make a significant contribution to the study of other projects of regional or world wide economic integration and governance, such as the WTO, the MERCOSUR, ASEAN. The research project aims to offer a fresh interdisciplinary perspective in the analysis of the Law of the European Internal Market and other trade regimes. Officials from the European Institutions, the World Bank, academics from Europe and the United States will participate to this workshop.