Kangaroo Care Publications

Affonso, D.D., Hurst, I., Mayberry, L.J., Haller, L., Yost, K., Lynch, M.E (1992). Stressors reported by mothers of hospitalized preterm infants. Neonatal Network, 11, 63-70.

Affonso, D., Bosque, E., Wahlberg, V., & Brady, J.P.  (1993).  Reconciliation and healing for mothers through skin-to-skin contact provided in an American tertiary level intensive care nursery.  Neonatal Network, 12(3), 25-32.

Anderson, G.C. (1993). Kangaroo Care. Neonatal Network, 12, 56.

Anderson, G.C.  (1995).  Touch and the kangaroo method.  In T. Field (Ed.), Touch in early development (pp 35-51). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Anderson, G.C.  (1996).  Kangaroo care: A parent's touch (Video Review).  Journal of Human Lactation, 12, 157-158.
Anderson, G.C.  (1996).  Critique of Susan Rosenberg film from Northwestern University Hospital file.  Journal of Human Lactation, 12, 157-158.

, G.C.  (1996).  Kangaroo care videotape [Letter to the editor].  Neonatal Network, 15(4), 70.

Anderson, G.C.  Kangaroo care of the premature infant.  (1999).  In E. Goldson (Ed.), Nurturing the premature infant: Developmental interventions in the neonatal intensive care nursery (pp. 131-160). New York, NY: Oxford University.

Anderson, G.C., Chiu, S.H., Dombrowski, M.A., Swinth, J.Y., Albert, J.M., Wada, N. (2003).  Mother-newborn contact in a randomized trial of kangaroo (skin-to-skin) care.J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nursing, 32(5):604-11.

Anner, J.  (1994, Spring).  Kangaroo care: a father's story of caring for his premature daughter.  Childbirth Instructor Magazine, 4(2), 12-17.

Argote, L.A., Rey, H., Ludington, S., Medellín, G., Castro, E., & Anderson, G.  (1991, November).  Dificultad respiratoria transitoria y contacto piel a piel temprano como manejo.  Memorias, p. 532.  XVII Congreso Colombiano de Pediatria, Cali, Colombia. (Abstract)

Aucott, S, Donohue, PK, Atkins, E, Allen, MC. (2002). Neurodevelopmental care in the NICU. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev. 8(4):298-308.

Baker, A. M. (1993). Maternal perceptions of the kangaroo care experience. Unpublished master's thesis, The College of St. Catherine, St. Paul, Minnesota.

Baker, A. (1996). Maternal perceptions of the kangaroo care experience. Unpublished master's thesis, The College of St. Catherine,
St. Paul, Minnesota.

Barnes, N.P., Roberts, P. (2005). "Extrasystoles" during kangaroo care..Pediatr Crit Care Med. 6(2):230.  

Bauer, K., Uhrig, C., Sperling, P., & Versmold, H.T.  (1995).  One hour of skin-to-skin care was no cold stress for VLBW infants, as oxygen consumption and central/peripheral temperature gradient did not increase.  Pediatric Research, 37(4), Part 2, 196A.

Bauer, J., Sontheimer, D., Fischer, C., & Linderkamp, O.  (1996). Metabolic rate and energy balance in very low birth weight infants during kangaroo holding by their mothers and fathers. Journal of Pediatrics, 129, 608-611.

Bauer, K., Pasel, K., & Versmold, H. (1996). Chest skin temperature of mothers of term and preterm infants is higher than that of men and women. Pediatric Research, 38(4), 195A, #1155.  (Abstract of presentation at SPR). 

Bauer, K., Uhrig, C., & Versmold, H. (1999).  How do mothers experience skin contact with their very immature (gestational age 27-30 weeks), only days old premature infants?.  Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 203 (6), 250-254. (abstract in English; article in German).

Bauer, K., Pyper, A., Sperling, P., Uhrigh, C., Versmold, H.  (1998).  Effects of gestational and postnatal body temperature, oxygen consumption, and activity during early skin-to-skin contact between preterm infants of 5-30 week gestation and their mothers.  Pediatric Research, 44, 247-251.

Bauer, K., Uhrig, C., Sperling, P., Pasel, K., Wieland, C., & Versmold, H.T. (1997). Body temperatures and oxygen consumption during skin-to-skin care in stable preterm infants weighing less than 1500 grams. Journal of Pediatrics, 130, 240-244.

Beal, J.A. (2000). A nurse practitioner model of practice in the neonatal intensive care unit. MCN, The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 25, 18-24.

Bell, E. H., Geyer, J., Jones, L.  (1995).  A structured intervention improves breastfeeding success for ill or epreterm infants.  American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 20, 309-314.

Bell, R.P., & McGrath, J. (1996). Implementing a research based Kangaroo Care program in the NICU. Nursing Clinics of North America , 31, 387-403.

Bergman, N.J., & Jürisoo, L..A.  (1994).  The "kangaroo-method" for treating low birth weight babies in a developing country.  Tropical Doctor, 24, 57-60.

Bier, J.B.,
Ferguson, A.E., Morales, Y., Liebling, J.A., Archer, D., Oh, W., & Vohr, B.  (1996).  Comparison of skin-to-skin contact with standard contact in low-birth-weight infants who are breastfed. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 150, 1265-1269.

Bingham, R.J. (1997). Roo the day: Rudiments of Kangaroo Care. NANN Central Lines, 13(4), 1,11-13.

Bosque, E.M., Brady, J.P., Chir, B., Affonso, D.D., & Wahlberg, V.  (1995).  Physiologic measures of kangaroo versus incubator care in a tertiary-level nursery.  Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 24(3), 219-226.

Brigham & Women's Hospital.  (1993).  Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Nursing Conference in Neonatology.  Kangaroo Care: Changing Times and Emerging Trends.  Boston, MA: Author. 

Brown, L.D. & Heermann, J.A. (1997). The effect of developmental care on preterm infant outcome. Applied Nursing Research, 10, 190-197.

Cattaneo, A., Davanzo, R., Uxa, F., & Tamburlini, G. (1994). Kangaroo Mother Method for low birthweight infants. Lancet, 344, 1304-1305.

Cattaneo, A.  (1997).  Le meamme canguro.  CUAMM Notizie, 12(1), 8-11.

Cattaneo, A.,  Davanzo, R.  (1997).  Le madri canguro: una tecnologia importabile?  Medico e Bambino, 16, 165-169.

Cattaneo, A., & Tamburlini, G. (1997).
News from the Regions - Newsletter from Italy. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 43, 251-252.  [A brief report of the October, 1996 WHO - Bureau of International Health sponsored Consensus Conference on Kangaroo Care.].

Cattaneo, A., Davanzo, R., Worku, B., Surjuno, A., Echeverria, M., Bedri, A., Haksari, E., Osorno, L., Gudetta, B., Setyowireni, D., Quintero, S., & Tamburlini, G. (1998). Kangaroo mother care for low birthweight infants: A randomized controlled trial in different settings. Acta Paediatr, 87, 976-985.

Cattaneo, A., Davanzo, R., Uxa, F, & Tamburlini, G. (1998).
Recommendations for the implementation of Kangaroo Mother Care for low birthweight infants. Acta Paediatrica, 87, 440-445.

Cattaneo, A., Davanzo, R., Bergman, N., & Charpak, N. (on behalf of the International Network in Kangaroo Mother Care). (1998). Kangaroo mother care in low-income countries.  Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 44, 279-282. 

Cash, S., & O'Quinn, J.L.K.. (1996). Kangaroo care is for full term babies too. American Journal of Nursing, 96(10), 20.

Charpak, N., Ruiz-Peláez, J.G., & Charpak, Y.  (1994).  Rey-Martinez Kangaroo Mother Program: An alternative way of caring for low birth weight infants?  One year mortality in a two cohort study.  Pediatrics, 94, 804-810.

Charpak, N., Ruiz-Peláez, J.G., & Calume, Z.F. (1996). Current knowledge of Kangaroo Mother Intervention. Current Opinions in Pediatrics, 8, 108-112.
Charpak, N., Ruiz-Peláez, J.G., Figueroa, Z., & Charpak, Y. (1997). Kangaroo mother versus traditional care for newborn infants less than 2000 grams: A randomized, controlled trial. Pediatrics, 100(4), 682-688.

Charpak, N., Figuerzo, Z., Ruiz, J.G.  (1998).  Kangaroo mother care.  Lancet, 351, 914.

Christensson, K., Siles, C., Moreno, L., Belaustequi, A., De La Fuente, P., Lagercrantz, H., Puyol, P., & Winberg, J.  (1992).  Temperature, metabolic adaptation and crying in healthy full-term newborns cared for skin-to-skin or in a cot.  Acta Paediatrica, 81, 488-493.

Christensson, K., Cabrera, T., Christensson, E., Uvnäs-Moberg, K., &  Winberg, J.  (1995).  Separation distress call in the human neonate in the absence of maternal body contact.  Acta Paediatrica, 84, 468-73.

Christensson, K. (1996). Fathers can effectively achieve heat conservation in healthy newborn infants. Acta Paediatrica, 85, 1354-1360.

Cleary, G.M., Spinner, S.S., Gibson, E., & Greenspan, J.S. (1997). Skin-to-skin parental contact with fragile preterm infants. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, 97, 457-460.

Collins, S.  (1993, Mar./Apr.).  Baby Stephanie: A case study in compassionate care.  Neonatal Intensive Care, 47-49.

Davanzo, R.  (1993).  Care of the low birth weight infants with the kangaroo mother method in developing countries.  Guidelines for health workers.  Bureau for International Cooperation in Maternal and Child Health. WHO Collaborating Centre for Maternal and Child Health, Istituto per l'Infanzia, Via dell' Istrud 65/1, 34137, Trieste, Italy.

Davanzo, R, & Cattaneo, A. (1995). The kangaroo mother method. The Kangaroo, 4(1), 6-9.

Díaz-Rosello, J.  (1996).  Caring for the mother and preterm infant: Kangaroo care.  Birth, 23, 108-111. [Commentary on Charpak et al., 1994].

Dittrich, E., Bartuschka, R.  (1994).  Gentle care in intensive medicine: report of experiences from  the Hoyerswerda Hospital.  Kinderkrankenschwester, 13, 264-265.

Dombrowski, M.A. Anderson, G.C., Santori, C., Roller, C.G., Pagliotti, F., & Dowling, D. (2000). Kangaroo (skin-to-skin) care for premature twins and their adolescent parents. MCN, The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 25, 92-94.

Doyle, L.W.  (1997).  Kangaroo mother care.  Lancet, 350, 1721-1722,

Drosten-Brooks, F.  (1993).  Kangaroo care: Skin-to-skin contact in the NICU.  American Journal of Maternal-Child Nursing, 18, 250-253.

Durand, R., Hodges, S., LaRock, S., Lund, L., Schmid, S., Swick, D., Yates, T., & Perez, A. (1997). The effect of skin-to-skin breast-feeding in the immediate recovery period on newborn thermoregulation and blood glucose values. Neonatal Intensive Care, 10(2), 23-29.

 Ferreira, C., & Ludington, S. (1994). Does frequent skin contact improve respiratory pattern in preemies [abstract]? Respiratory Care, 39(11), 1061.

 Fischer, C., Sontheimer, D., Bauer, J., Linderkamp, O.  (1997).  Die kanguruhpflege fruhgeborener.  Pediatrische Praxis, 52, 1-10.

Fischer, C. G., Sontheimer, D., Scheffer, F., Bauer, J. & Linderkamp, O. (1998).  Cardiorespiratory stability of premature boys and girls during kangaroo care.  Early Human Development, 52, 145-153.

Flament, P. (1994). Kangaroo care. FNIB Info (6), 3-5.

Gale, G., Franck, L., & Lund, C.  (1993).  Skin-to-skin kangaroo holding of the intubated premature infant.  Neonatal Network, 12(6), 49-57.

Gale, G., Vandenberg, K.  (1998).  Kangaroo care (part of the developmental care column).  Neonatal Network, 17, 1-3.

Gloppestad, A.K. (1991). Erfaringer med forandring 1 praksis baset pa sykepleieforskning. In Tidsskrift for norsk sykepleieforskning, Temanummer fra forskning til praksis seminar I sykepleieforskning, (pp.35-43).

Gloppestad, A.K. (1989). Amming, effekt av royking og utdanning. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen nr, 970-973.

Gloppestad, A.K. (1993). Stengningsrutiner ved kuvoseavdelinger, Sykepleien, 48-52.

Gloppestad, A.K. (1994). Differences between fathers and mothers as to initial close contact with their prematurely born. Proceedings of The contribution of nursing research past-present-future,
Norway , 1, 297-304.

Gloppestad, A.K. (1994). Initial separation time between mothers and their premature infants: a comparison between two periods of time. Vard Norden 14(2-3), 17-23.

Gloppestad, K. (1995). Initial separation time between fathers and their premature infants: Comparison between two time periods. VardiNorden, 2,15,(2), 10-17.  A comparison of how long it was before fathers first touched and held their preterm infants 10 years ago and in 1994 once KC with ventilated infants had been intiated.  Letting Dads hold ventilated infants in KC reduced separation time by 66.87%.

Gloppestad, K.A. (1996). Parents' skin to skin holding of small premature infants: differences between fathers and mothers. Vard 1 Norden, 16(1), 22-27.

Gloppestad, K.  (1998).  Experiences of maternal love and paternal love with preterm infants held skin-to-skin and wrapped in blankets: differences between the two types of holding.  Vard Norden, 18, 23-30.

Gloppestad, K. (1998). Laktasjon hos modre til premature barn: Forekomst ved forskjullige tidspunkter.
Vard 1 Norden, 18 (4), 27-35.

Gloppestad, K. (2000).  Total Laktasjonsperiode hos mødre til premature barn.  Vård i Norden, 20 (1), 15-21. (English abstract).

Gray, L., Watt, L., & Blass, E.M.  (2000).  Skin-to-skin contact is analgesic in healthy newborns.  Pediatrics, 105 (1), e14.

Hadeed, A.J., Ludington, S., & Siegal, S.  (1995).  Skin-to-skin (SSC) between mother and infants reduces idiopathic apnea of prematurity (IAOP).  Pediatric Research, 37(4), Part 2, 208A, #1233.  (Abstract of presentation at SPR).

Hamelin, K., & Ramachandran, C.  (1993).  Kangaroo care.  Canadian Nurse, 89(6), 15-17.

Hamm, S., Stoffel, L., Strebel, E., Wyss, E.  (1993).  Method for strengthening the mother-child relationship: as warm as in the kangaroo pouch.  

Hosseini, R., Hashemi, M., Ludington-Hoe, S.M. (1992). Preterm infants and fathers: Physiologic and behavioral effects of skin-to-skin contact. Ursus Medicus, 2, 47-55.

Hurst, N.M., Valentine, C.J., Renfro, L., Burns, P., & Ferlic, L. (1997). Skin-to-skin holding in the neonatal intensive care unit influences maternal milk volume. Journal of Perinatology, 17(3), 213-217.

Kambarami, R.A., Childede, O., & Kowo, D.T.  (1999).  Kangaroo care for well low birth weight infants at Harare Central Hospital Maternity Unit-Zimbabwe.  Central African Journal of Medicine, 45 (3), 56-59.

Karlsson, H. (1996). Skin to skin care: Heat balance. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 75, F130-132.

Krankenpflege-Soins Infimiers, 86, 9-11.Harrison, L., & Klaus, M.H.  (1994).  Commentary: A lesson from eastern Europe.   BIRTH, 21, 45-46.

Johanson, R.B., Spencer, S.A., Rolfe, P., Jones, P., & Malla, D.S. (1992). Effects of post-delivery care on neonatal body temperature. Acta Pediatrica, 81, 859-863.

Legault, M., & Goulet, C.  (1995).  Comparison of kangaroo and traditional methods of removing preterm infants from incubators.  Journal of Obstetric Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing, 24, 501-506.

Levin, A.  (1994).  The Mother-Infant Unit at Tallinn Children's
Hospital , Estonia : A  truly baby-friendly unit.  BIRTH, 21,39-44.

Levin, A. (1999). Humane neonatal care initiative. Acta Paediatrica, 88, 353-5.

Lima G, Quintero-Romero S., Gattaneo A.  (2000).  Feasibility, acceptability and cost of kangaroo mother care in Recife , Brazil . Annals of Tropical Paediatric, 20,  22-6.

Lincetto, O., Vos, E.T., Graca, A., Macome, C., Tallarico, M., Fernandez, A..  (1998).  Impact of season and discharge weight on complications and growth of kangaroo mother care treated low birthweight infants in Mozambique .  Acta Paediatrica, 87, 433-439.

Anderson , G.C., Rey, H., Argote, L.A. , & Hosseini, B. (1992). Transitional physiology and state behavior of Colombian preterm infants in the skin-to-skin (Kangaroo) care and open air cribs beginning in the delivery room [abstract]. Infant Behavior and Development, 15, 537.

Ludington-Hoe, S.M., Hosseini, R.B., Hashemi, M.S., Argote, L..A., Medellín, G., & Rey, H.  (1992).  Selected physiologic measures and behavior during paternal skin contact with Colombian preterm infants.  Journal of Developmental Physiology, 18, 223-232.

Ludington, S.M., Thompson, C., & Swinth, J. (1992). Efficacy of Kangaroo Care with preterm infants in open air cribs [abstract]. Neonatal Network, 11(6), 101.

Ludington-Hoe, S.M., Hadeed, A.J., & Anderson, G.C. (1991). Physiologic responses to skin-to-skin contact in hospitalized premature infants. Journal of Perinatology, 11(1), 19-24.

Ludington-Hoe, S.M., Anderson, G.C., Simpson, S., Hollingsead, A., Argote, L.A., Medellin, G., &  Rey, H.  (1993).  Skin-to-skin contact beginning in the delivery room for Colombian mothers and their preterm infants.  Journal of Human Lactation, 9(4), 241-242.

Ludington-Hoe, S.M., & Golant, S.K.  (1993).  Kangaroo care: The best you can do to help your preterm infant.  New York, NY: Bantam.

Ludington-Hoe, S.M., Anderson, G.C., Swinth, J., Thompson, C., & Hadeed, A.J.  (1994).  Kangaroo care [Letter to the editor].  Neonatal Network, 13(4), 61-62.

Ludington, S., Irwin, S., Swinth, J., Becker, J., Rao, S., & Hadeed, A. (1994). Skin contact and breathing in preterms [abstract]. Respiratory Care, 39, 1060.

Ludington-Hoe, S.M., Thompson, C., Swinth, J., Hadeed, A.J., & 
Anderson , G.C.  (1994).  Kangaroo care: Research results, practice implications and guidelines.  Neonatal Network, 13(1), 19-27.

Ludington, S.,  Ferreira, C., & Wang, J.I.J. (1995). Preliminary cardiorespiratory, thermal, and behavioral outcomes for 10 days of skin-to-skin contact for incubator care premature infants [abstract]. In Proceedings of the International Clinical Update and Research Symposium of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses,
Seattle, WA, April 13-16, 1995. Petaluma, CA: NANN, 93.

Ludington-Hoe, S.M., & Kasper, C. (1995). A physiologic method of monitoring preterm infants during Kangaroo Care. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 3(1)13-29.

Ludington, S.M., Nguyen, N., & Swinth, J. (1995). Kangaroo care minimizes maternal stress [abstract]. In Proceedings of the International Clinical Update and Research Symposium of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses,
Seattle, WA, April 13-16, 1995. Petaluma, CA: NANN, 35.

Ludington, S.M., Swinth, J., Becker, J., Rao, S., & Hadeed, A.J. (1995). The effects of Kangaroo Care on apnea of prematurity [abstract]. In Proceedings of the International Clinical Update and Research Symposium of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses,
Seattle, WA, April 13-16, 1995. Petaluma, CA: NANN, 93.

Ludington-Hoe, S.M., & Swinth, J. (1996) A successful long distance research collaboration for Kangaroo Care. Applied Nursing Research, 9, 219-224.

Ludington-Hoe, S.M., & Swinth, J.Y.  (1996). Developmental aspects of kangaroo care. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 25, 691-703.

Ludington-Hoe, S.M., Ferreira, C.N., & Goldstein, M.R. (1998).  Kangaroo care with a ventilated preterm infant. Acta Paediatrica, 87 (6), 711-713.

Ludington-Hoe,S.M., Ferreira, C.N., Goldstein, M.R. (1998). Kangaroo care with a ventilated preterm infant. Questions and answers. American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing.

Ludington-Hoe, S.M., Anderson, G.C., Simpson, S., Hollingsead, A., Argote, L.A., & Rey, H. (1999). Birth-associated fatigue in 34-36 week preterm infants: Rapid recovery with very early kangaroo (skin-to-skin) care. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing (JOGNN), 28, 94-103.

Ludington-Hoe, S,M., Ferreira, C.N., & Goldstein, M.R.  (1999).  Kangaroo Care with a ventilated preterm infant [Letter to the editor]. Acta Paediatrica, 87, 711-712.

Martinez Gomez, H., Rey Sanabria, E., &  Marquette C.M.  (1992).  The mother kangaroo programme.  International Child Health, 3, 55-67.

Martínez-Gómez H. & Aguilar J. (Eds.).
(1992). Primer Encuentro Internacional Programa Madre Canguro [First International Conference on Mother Kangaroo Program],.  Bogotá, Colombia, UNICEF, Oficina Regional Para América Latina y el Caribe. [Available from UNICEF, 3 UN Plaza, NY, NY, 10017].

McCloskey, J.C., & Bulechek, G.M.  (1996).  Nursing interventions classification (NIC): Iowa intervention project (2nd. ed.). St. Louis: Mosby.  pp. 67, 354, 355, 443.

Messmer, P.R., Wells-Gentry, J., Rodriguez, S., & Washburn, K. (1995). Mothers' feelings on kangaroo care for the preterm infants. in P.L. Munhall & V.M. Fitzsimons, Eds. The emergence of women into the 21st Century.
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Messmer, P.R., Rodrizuez, S., Adams , J., Gentry, J.W., Washburn, K., Zabaleta, I. , & Abreu, S. (1997). Effect of Kangaroo care on sleep time for neonates. Pediatric Nursing, 23(4), 408-414.

Meyer, K., Anderson, G.C. (1999). Using kangaroo care in the clinical setting with full-term dyads having breastfeeding difficulties. American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing (MCN), 24, 190-192.

Michelsson, K., Christenson, K., Rothganger, H., & Winberg, J. (1996). Crying in separated and non-separated newborns: Sound spectographic analysis. 
Acta Paediatrica, 85, 471-475.

Modrcin-McCarthy, M., Harris, M., & Marlar, C. (1997). Touch and the fragile infant: Comparison of touch techniques with implications for nursing practice. Mother-Baby Journal, 2(4), 12-19.

Mooncey, S., Giannakoulopoulos, X., Glover, V., Acolet, D., Modi, N.  (1997).  The effect of mother-infant skin-to-skin contact on plasma cortisol and beta-endorphin concentrations in preterm infants.  Infant Behavior and Development, 20, 553-557.

Moran, M., Radzyminski, S., Higgins, K.R., Dowling, D. A., Miller, M.J., Anderson, G.C. (1999). Maternal kangaroo (skin-to-skin) care in the NICU beginning four hours postbirth. American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing (MCN), 24, 2-7.

Nakajima, H. (1994).  Communication:  Response of the newborn when gently accosted by the mother immediately after birth and subsequent growth and development.  Keio Journal of Medicine, 43(3), 167-170.

Neu, M., Browne, J.V., & Vojir, C. (2000). The impact of two transfer techniques used during skin-to-skin care on the physiologic and behavioral responses of preterm infants.  Nursing Research, 49 (4), 215-223.

Neu, M. (1999). Parents' perception of skin-to-skin care with their preterm infants requiring assisted ventilation. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 28, 157-164.

Norton, D. (September 1995). Kangaroo love for prem babies. Living and Loving, 133-135.

Page, J. (1995). Kangaroo care: Enhancing infant and parent well-being in the NICU. Perinatal Newsletter, 12(1), 5-8.

Persoon, J.  (1993, June).  Kangaroo care: High touch in a high tech environment.  Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Nursing Conference in Neonatology.  Kangaroo Care: Changing Times and Emerging Trends. Brigham & Women's Hospital,
Boston, MA.  (abstract).

Roberts, Paynter, C., & McEwan, B. (2000). A comparison of kangaroo mother  care and conventional cuddling care. Neonatal Network, 19(4), 31-35.

Roller, C. G. (1999).  Kangaroo care for a restless infant with gastric reflux: One nurse midwife's personal experience.  MCN, American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing (MCN), 24, 244-245.

Roller, C.G., Meyer, K. & Anderson, G.C. (1999). Kangaroo care for an eclamptic mother and her preterm infant. MCN, The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 24, 294-295.

Rojas, M., Kaplan, M., Mayes, L., Sherwonit, E., Quevedo, M.E., & Ehrenkranz, R.  (1998).  Extended traditional holding (TH) and skin-to-skin care (SSC) for newborn infants =1500 grams.  Pediatric Research, 43 (4), Part 2, 191A.

Rozin, A., Weller, A., Charpak, N., Ruiz, J.G., Calume, Z., Charpak, Y. & Sack, J.  (1995).  Maturation of the pituitary- thyroid axis and the adrenal in low birth weight (LBW) infants raised by the "Kangaroo" method.  Pediatric Research, 37(4), Part 2, 235A, #1393.  (Abstract of presentation at SPR).

Ruiz-Pelaez, J.G., Charpak, N.  (1998). Kangaroo care: Commentary on a commentary.  Birth, 25, 62-64.

Sarring, B. & Virgin, C. (1992). Early birth, early contact.
Denmark: Parents and Birth.

Shiau, S.H., and
Anderson, G.C. (1997). Randomized controlled trial of Kangaroo Care with fullterm infants: Effects on maternal anxiety, breastmilk maturation, breast engorgement, and breastfeeding status. Paper presented at the International Breastfeeding Conference, Australia's Breastfeeding Association, Sydney, Australia, October 23-25, 1997.  

Sloan, N. L., Lenín, W. L. C., Rojas, E. P., Stern, C., & Maternidad Isidro Ayora Study Team.  (1994).  Kangaroo mother method: Randomized controlled trial of an alternative method of care for stabilized low-birthweight infants.  Lancet, 344, 782-785.
Stenig, W., Lohe, M., Meiritz, N., Rutenfranz, P., Roth, B.  (1996).  Kanguruhmethode bei fruhgeborenen.  Monatsschr Kinderheilkd, 144, 930-937.

Sontheimer, D., Fischer, C.B., Scheffer, F., Kaempf, D., & Linderkamp, O.  (1995).  Pitfalls in respiratory monitoring of premature infants during kangaroo care.  Archives of Disease in Childhood, 72(2), F115-117.

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Swinth, J., Nelson, L., Hadeed, A., & Anderson, G.C. (2000). Shared kangaroo (skin-to-skin) care for triplets. MCN, The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing, 25, 214-216.

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