Speakers

Speakers and abstracts


Nick Ross


Ross image

BIOGRAPHY

Nick Ross is a British broadcaster and journalist who for many years presented the BBC crime appeals show Crimewatch and helped establish the UCL Jill Dando Institute of Crime Science where he is chairman of the Board and a visiting professor. He is a psychologist by background and a campaigner for evidence-based policy. He is the author of Crime, how to solve it and why so much of what we’re told is wrong which is launched formally at the British Library on 16 July.

Dr. Karl Woodbridge
Karl Woodbridge

BIOGRAPHY

Dr. Karl Woodbridge is currently a Reader in Electronic Engineering in the Sensor Systems and Circuits group. Current RF research activities at UCL include multistatic and netted radar systems, sea clutter, target tracking and classification, land and air based passive sensing and radar resource management. His research activities have been carried out in research investigator and technical consultancy roles for a wide range of customers in the civil and defence areas. He has published or presented over 200 journal and conference papers and has served on organizing and technical committees for many national and international conferences. He is a Fellow of the IET, a Fellow of the Institute of Physics, A Senior Member of the IEEE and a visiting Professor in the Radar and Remote Sensing Group at the University of Cape Town. He is also currently Chairman of the IET Sonar, Radar and Navigation Professional Network and Director of the UCL JDI Centre for Security Technology.


ABSTRACT

The objective of the Centre for Security Technology (CST) is to foster coordinated research into the technologies and knowledge needed to ensure the security of citizens from threats such as terrorism and crime. The CST combines the wide range of world leading security technology and crime science expertise within UCL to deliver holistic, innovative and socially acceptable technology solutions to security problems. The Centre therefore provides not simply technology solutions but models of perpetrator behaviour that will inform the development and deployment of the technology within a coherent preventative and investigative framework.  This presentation will give a brief introduction to the CST highlighting the research and teaching activities within the Centre.

 
Professor Ivan Parkin
 

ABSTRACT

This talk will cover the use of solid state gas sensors for the detection of markers for explosives, drugs and counterfeit goods. It will show how sensors can be combined into an array to enhance sensitivity and discrimination and how they can be used for detectors of markers for explosives even at very low detection limits (ppm to ppb). We also demonstrate how these sensors can be incorporated into a mobile device for use at scene of crime analysis.

The sensors themselves are inexpensive, small and highly portable.

At UCL we have used zeolite materials to enhance the sensitivity and selectivity of the sensors.

 
Dr Joshua Edel
Joshua Edel

BIOGRAPHY

Joshua B. Edel is a senior lecturer within the Department of Chemistry at Imperial College London. In 2011 he was awarded a prestigious ERC starting investigator grant on “Nanoporous Membranes for High Throughput Rare Event Bioanalysis”. He received his PhD on the development of single molecule detection within microfluidic systems at Imperial College London in 2004. He then performed postdoctoral research in nanobiotechnology at Cornell University with Professor Harold Craighead. In 2005 he was awarded a research fellowship at the Rowland Institute at Harvard University to study the structure and interactions of individual biomolecules in their native cellular environment. In July 2006 he joined Imperial College as a member of academic staff. JBE has published over 70 research articles in high profile journals including Nature Materials and Nature Chemistry, edited 3 books, and has number patents and patent applications to his name. Furthermore, he has given over 75 international lectures. Amongst other activities he has recently been elected as a member of the Imperial College Court and is also currently a member of the London Centre for Nanotechnology executive committee. JBE is also very popular as a consultant in nanoscale bio-sensors.

ABSTRACT

In this talk I will present a simple, fast, and inexpensive method for the detection of trace analytes in air as well as in aqueous and oil phases. The operating principle is based around the adsorption and desorption of trace analytes bound to metallic gold nanoparticles at either a liquid-liquid or liquid-air interface. These interfaces provide an ideal platform for the formation of two-dimensional monolayers of nanoparticles, as they form spontaneously, cannot be broken, and are defect-correcting, acting as 2D ‘nanoparticle traps’. Such two-dimensional self-assembled nanoparticle arrays have a vast range of potential applications including optoelectronics, sensors and detectors. As an example, I will show that this system can be used for trace airborne analyte detection using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy.

 
Professor Robert Speller
Robert Speller

BIOGRAPHY

X-ray scanning has been used in security for several decades with the most noticeable presence at airports. Most of these systems are conventional X-ray absorption based systems providing a 2-D images of 3-D objects with some degree of material classification by the use of dual-energy techniques. Recently there have been a number of developments in X-ray security that treat the way X-rays interact with materials differently – they consider X-rays as waves rather than particles. These approaches will be discussed along with novel ideas for 3-D scanning.

ABSTRACT

X-ray scanning has been used in security for several decades with the most noticeable presence at airports. Most of these systems are conventional X-ray absorption based systems providing a 2-D images of 3-D objects with some degree of material classification by the use of dual-energy techniques. Recently there have been a number of developments in X-ray security that treat the way X-rays interact with materials differently – they consider X-rays as waves rather than particles. These approaches will be discussed along with novel ideas for 3-D scanning. 

 
Åsmund Izaki
Asmund Izaki

BIOGRAPHY

Åsmund Izaki is a senior designer and researcher at Aedas R&D where he joined the Computational Design and Research group in 2007. During his time with Aedas he has been researching and implementing new forms of furniture design, architecture and urban planning through code. This takes the form of interactive tools and methods that have been applied in projects both internally and as an external service or in collaboration with industry or academic partners. Åsmund holds an MArch from NTNU, Norway and is regularly invited to lead courses and workshops on interdisciplinary topics related to design and technology.


ABSTRACT

New methods developed in the RIBS project will be presented that addresses how security related modifications of a building impact on its organisational logic and movement structures. As part of the project new algorithms have been developed that allow for interactive investigative modelling of movement paths and visibility relations. A number of changes can be simulated ranging from preventive and disruptive measures, such as changing the number of entrances or inserting internal partitions or access control mechanisms, to impact mitigation and even showing some consequences of certain hostile attacks. Finally examples will be given to show how some of the methods have been applied in practice to a more general set of problems related to redundancy and vulnerability in building circulation systems.

 
Dr Tanya le Sage
Tanya le Sage

BIOGRAPHY

Dr Tanya Le Sage is a Research Associate at University College London. She joined the Security and Crime Science Department in October 2011 to work on the European Union funded Resilient Infrastructure and Building Security project, which supports the design of effective and viable integrated security measures aimed at protecting infrastructures without impact on their business dynamics. Her research has been concerned with the development of a risk based model which aims to mitigate the probability of a terrorist attack occurring, guiding the requirements specification for future technologies which can be used to aid in the prevention of future terrorist attacks, or which reduce the impact of such an attack through enhancement of recovery and response. She is combining a systems engineering approach with agent-based modelling techniques to simulate potential attack scenarios. Her work requires comprehensive threat characterisation and crime script modelling to be fed into a simulation model which is used to invoke a thorough risk analysis for the individual scenarios. In 2011 she completed her PhD which was concerned with the development of a system which was used to monitor patterns of human motion within a harsh environment. She developed a wireless sensor network which aimed to provide real-time information with regards to human movement. She developed hardware, software and communication architectures for the system and a wide range of signal processing algorithms, some of which were embedded within the sensors, thus allowing real-time implementation. 


ABSTRACT

To help secure the critical national infrastructure from the threat of terrorism the country seeks to identify and develop security measures to protect its assets. One of the challenges is that the requirements for these measures diverge and evolve as future threats arise. The RIBS project aims to provide a detailed insight into the requirements for future security measures, serving as a useful tool for policy makers and security product developers alike. The approach focuses on safeguarding against chemical, biological and explosive threats over a set of scenarios which have been established. A computer modelling tool has been developed to estimate the effectiveness of the virtual implementation of the proposed technologies which have arisen as a result of the low-level requirement specifications created.

 
Mr David Rubens
David Rubens

BIOGRAPHY

David Rubens, MD of David Rubens Associates, has been involved in various aspects of the security industry since he was Team Leader on the Israeli Embassy security team in Munich, Germany in 1981. He holds an MSc in Security and Risk Management from Leicester University, where he is currently a Visiting Lecturer and Dissertation Supervisor on their Security, Terrorism and Policing programme. He was a Visiting Lecturer (2009-‘10), on the Strategic Leadership Programme at the Security and Resilience Department, Cranfield University, UK Defence Academy, focusing on terrorism and public policy, and the management of large-scale, complex multi-agency programmes. He has written specialist reports for government agencies in Japan, Russia, Dubai, Nigeria, Liberia and the Caribbean, and is currently on the Professional Doctorate programme at Portsmouth University Department of Criminology & Justice, where his Doctorate research involves developing models of strategic management at the extremes of organisational complexity, looking at issues of decision-making, command & control structures and multi-agency interoperability in highly-unstable situations such as natural disasters, corporate failures and government-level crisis management scenarios. David is a member of the London Resilience Academic Advisory Group, and was recently Chairman of the Protecting Critical National Infrastructure conference at the 2013 Counter Terror Expo.

ABSTRACT

The risk environment associated with protecting critical national infrastructure has changed radically since the first fomalised PCNI programmes were introduced in the late 1980’s. Whereas the initial PCNI programmes were associated with protecting facilities from possible terrorist attack, current PCNI thinking is more concerned with the consequences of rapidly escalating and cascading failures within tightly-bound, highly inter-dependent High Reliability Organisation (HRO) networks that are themselves under increasing pressure from aging facilities and technology, the breaking up of what were previously integrated operational systems and the commercialisation of operations, leading to predictable budgetary pressures, all of which is taking place within a general weakening of regulatory oversight. This presentation will look at some of those issues, and current thinking concerning the management of the consequences of such failures.

 
Prof Adam Ogilvie-Smith
 
ABSTRACT
Prof Ogilvie-Smith will examine some cases of terrorism in which data was poorly exploited.  Drawing on these, he will try to identify some of the reasons why these deficiencies occurred.  He will then consider some of the challenges to data exploitation in such cases, and then highlight some strategies to overcome these challenges.  Finally he will endeavour to analyse the differences between intelligence and evidence from an epistemological standpoint.
 
Dr. Lindsay Clutterbuck
 

BIOGRAPHY

Dr. Lindsay Clutterbuck is a Research Leader at RAND Europe in Cambridge, UK and is currently engaged in a range of projects on aspects of terrorism and counter terrorism, insurgency and counter insurgency. He recently co-authored a report entitled ‘Exploring Patterns of Behaviour in Violent Jihadist Terrorists: An analysis of six significant terrorist conspiracies in the UK’ (RAND TR-923-ANT, 2010).
Prior to joining RAND Europe he served for over 27 years with the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) in London, retiring as a Detective Chief Inspector in 2006. He served for over twenty-two years in the Specialist Operations Department at New Scotland Yard where he undertook a variety of roles in the field of counter terrorism. They included nearly three years heading the MPS unit responsible for national and London-wide counter terrorism policy and strategy.
As well as his publications for RAND, he is the author of several articles in academic journals and chapters in books. Their content encompasses the origins and evolution of terrorism and counter terrorism in the UK, contemporary issues in terrorism (particularly how individuals make the transition from radicalism and extremism into terrorism), the nexus between terrorism, insurgency and crime and the role of police intelligence operations in counterinsurgency and counter terrorism.
He received his PhD from the University of Portsmouth; an MA in Policing Studies from the University of Exeter and a BSc Honours in Zoology from the University of Sheffield. From 2004 to 2006, he was a Senior Associate Research Fellow at the Institute of Policy Research, Kings College London. Since October 2008, he has been a member of the European Experts Network on Terrorism (EENeT).

ABSTRACT

The phrase "homegrown terrorism" has been applied to numerous violent jihadist attacks and conspiracies in the UK. Research into the six most serious of them between 2004 and 2006 shows that while many of terrorists involved have links to the UK (to a greater or lesser extent) and the attacks took place in the, their genesis and initial impetus lay with terrorist groups (including Al Qaeda) located in Pakistan. In these circumstances, a wider, international response to their prevention and disruption is required.

 
Dr. Paul Gill
Paul Gill
BIOGRAPHY
Dr. Paul Gill is a lecturer in the Department of Security and Crime Science at University College London. Previous to joining UCL, Dr. Gill was a postdoctoral research fellow at the International Center for the Study of Terrorism at Pennsylvania State University. He has previously managed projects funded by the Office for Naval Research, The Defence Science and Technology Laboratory and the Department of Homeland Security. These projects focused upon various aspects of terrorist behavior including the nature of malevolent creativity, terrorist network structures, terrorist leaders and lone-actor terrorism. His doctoral research focused on the underlying individual and organizational motivations behind suicide bombing. This piece of research won the Jean Blondel Prize for the best Ph.D. thesis in Political Science in Europe for 2010. He has published in international journals across a range of disciplines including criminology, psychology and political science.

ABSTRACT
Over the past few years, a number of concerns have been raised about both the nature of  the threat posed by lone-actor terrorists. This paper empirically examines the activities of 119 lone-actor terrorists between 1990 and 2012. Who are the lone-actor terrorists? Do they share a common profile? Does their behavioral trajectory into terrorism differ? How do they differ? How 'lone' are they? What can be done to help prevent and disrupt future plots?
 
Mr. Christian Derix
 
BIOGRAPHY
Christian Derix is director of the Computational Design Research group [CDR] of Aedas architects, which he founded in 2004 in London, UK. CDR develops computational simulations for generative and analytical design processes with an emphasis on spatial configurations and human occupation.
Derix studied architecture and computation in Milan and the London and has researched and taught the subject at various European universities since 2001, including University College London (UCL), Milan Polytechnic, Technical University Vienna and Technical University Munich, where he just finished a visiting professorship. Currently, he is associate professor at the IE University Madrid.
The work of CDR has recently won award commendations for their Spatial Simulation framework at awards such as the 2010 Presidents Medal for Research in Practice of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA), the 2011 Italian Compasso d’Oro for algorithmic design and user participation in industrial design for the VITA Shelving System or the Centre for Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat’s (CTBUH) 2012 Innovation award for the computer-activated responsive façade of the Al Bahar towers.

ABSTRACT
As the Association of Chief Police Officer’s initiative Secured-by-Design shows, many of the aspects of urban security and safety relate to implicit properties of the environment. For its urban design simulations and Infrastructure Resilience research (see EU FP7 project Resilient Infrastructure and Building Security - RIBS), the Aedas Computational Design Research group [CDR] has developed models to visualize and measure those properties. These are generally based on configurational and morphological properties of the urban structure in 2 but also in 3 dimensions with addition of time-based data. The presentation will show masterplanning and spatial analysis projects, discuss measures of urban resilience and how design objectives of ‘best practice’ in urban design correlate to security principles that allow ‘designing out crime’ without technological installations.
 
Dr. Kevin Chetty
Kevin Chetty

BIOGRAPHY

Dr. Kevin Chetty is a lecturer in the Department of Security and Crime Science at University College London. His research focuses on new passive RF sensor systems that exploit wireless communication networks for uncooperative detection of personnel, vehicle and marine targets. Other research interests include target detection and classification using acoustic micro-Doppler signatures, ultra-wideband and through-the-wall radar, and software defined sensor systems. Kevin is a member of the IEEE and IET, a reviewer for both the IET Radar, Sonar and Navigation and IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing journals.


ABSTRACT
In today’s congested and pervasive wireless environments, any device which transmits signals in the radio-frequency spectrum is subject to heavy regulations and enormously high costs. Wireless passive radar circumvents these issues by exploiting the signals that already exist in our everyday environments. Dr Chetty’s presentation will focus on his research to demonstrate that this technology can be used to detect moving people in everyday scenarios, including through walls. He will also discuss its potential security applications in providing ubiquitous monitoring and surveillance.

 
Professor Paul Longley
Paul Longley

BIOGRAPHY

Paul Longley is Professor of Geographic Information Science at University College London. He is Principal Investigator on the current EPSRC grant 'The Uncertainty of Identity: Linking Real and Virtual Worlds', and a co-investigator on the 'Crime, Policing and Citizenship' project. His research interests are grouped around the development and application of geo-temporal demographics. He is author or editor of 10 books (including GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND SCIENCE, with M Goodchild, D Maguire and D Rhind) and over 140 journal articles or refereed book contributions.


ABSTRACT

This talk will outline some of the ways in which population insights can be gained through the mining, mapping and analysis of big population datasets. These range from extracting cultural or ethnicity information from surnames, through to the languages people are speaking on Twitter and reveal both online and offline communities. The identification of such groups can offer important context to the many other datasets collected by the crime sciences.

 
Dr Hannah Fry
 

BIOGRAPHY
Dr Hannah Fry is a lecturer in the mathematics of cities at the Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis (CASA). She was trained as a mathematician with a first degree in mathematics and theoretical physics, followed by a PhD in fluid dynamics. After a brief period working in aerodynamics, she returned to UCL to take up a post-doctoral position researching a relatively new area of science - social and economic complex systems. This led to her appointment as a lecturer in the field in October 2012.

ABSTRACT

In August 2011, several areas of London and other cities in the UK experienced episodes of large-scale disorder, comprising looting, rioting and violence. Much of the subsequent discourse has concentrated on the adequacy of the police response, specifically in terms of the resources available and tactics used. In this paper, we present a mathematical model of the disorder which can be used to examine the effect of varying policing arrangements. The model is capable of simulating and replicating the general emergent patterns of the events and focusses on three fundamental aspects: the apparently-contagious nature of riot participation; the relative positioning of suspect addresses and riot locations; and the deterrent effect of the police. We use the model to demonstrate that the spatial configuration of London meant that some areas were naturally at higher risk than others, implying the importance of spatial considerations when planning for such events. We also investigate the consequences of varying police numbers and reaction time for the outcome of such an event, which has the potential to guide policy in this area.

 
Ms Tessa Lambri
Tessa Lambri

BIOGRAPHY

Tessa Lambri is currently a doctoral candidate at Loughborough University, at the Department of Information Science, and is in her final year. She has a background in criminology and began her career in policing working as an intelligence analyst. Tessa’s current research on the acceptance of the PND is being sponsored by the Home Office – Police ICT Directorate.
ABSTRACT

The Police National Database (PND) was launched in June 2011, and enables for the first time the sharing of information from all UK police forces, as well as the Ministry of Defence and the Child Exploitation Online Protection agency.  Approximately 250 police systems have been loaded onto the database; it contains in excess of 2 billion records, including 6 million photo images. Since the launch of the PND, over 1.8 million searches have been carried out. 
The presentation will contextually explore the impact of the PND on information sharing, by examining the intended and unintended consequences on staff roles and business practices.

 
Dr Gillian Tully
Gillian Tully
 
BIOGRAPHY
Gill Tully has played a leading role in many of the significant innovations in forensic genetics over the past 20 years. These include the first multiplex PCR systems, mitochondrial DNA analysis, Low Template DNA analysis, automation of DNA methods and development of integrated portable DNA devices. Gill’s in-depth knowledge and experience in the development and validation of methods to court-worthy standards and close links with operational practitioners has led to her involvement in quality reviews as well as high profile cases where the validity of scientific methods was at issue. Gill has also collaborated extensively with laboratories across the world, both on research and on development of quality standards.

ABSTRACT
Very many technologies show great potential, but relatively few go on to contribute effectively to reducing and detecting crime. Translating an idea into an effective operational service requires understanding of the relevant end user communities and their needs. This understanding enables development of a product or service that meets those needs in a cost-effective manner; it must then undergo rigorous characterisation, validation and often accreditation, meeting the regulatory requirements in addition to the requirements of the legal system.
Drawing on the work of the Forensic Science Special Interest Group, this presentation will provide a guide to translation of novel technology into effective tools for reducing and detecting crime.

 
Dr. Mark Huckvale
Mark Huckvale

BIOGRAPHY

Mark Huckvale is Senior Lecturer in the Division of Psychology and Language Sciences at UCL. He holds a degree in Physics and a PhD in Human Communication. His research involves speech production, speech signal analysis and speech technology. Current research activities include CLEAR: the centre for law-enforcement audio research, KLAIR: a virtual infant for speech aquisition research, and AVTherapy an Avatar-based technique for psychotherapy that utilises real-time voice conversion technology.
ABSTRACT

The Centre for Law Enforcement Audio Research is a joint research centre involving Imperial College London and University College London. It was funded by the UK Home Office to investigate methods for the enhancement of poor quality recordings of speech found in forensic situations. This talk will report on the major outcomes of the research centre over the past five years. These include improvements in (i) measurement: to get a better understanding of how well existing systems work on a variety of signal types; (ii) modelling: to build models which predict how well systems would work on specific signals, and (iii) enhancement: to optimise the performance of existing methods and to develop new methods based on an improved understanding of speech intelligibility and signal quality.

 
Dr Paul Brittan
 
BIOGRAPHY
Dr Paul St John Brittan is a Principal Consultant and subject matter expert at L3 TRL specialising in the exploitation of structure, however obscure, to detect, classify, and utilise features of interest.  Prior to joining L3 TRL, Paul worked at Infinitive Speech Systems, developing a framework for spoken dialogue systems; held the position of visiting academic at MIT, working on multi-modal data fusion; and spent seven years at HP Research Laboratories as a senior research engineer.  In 1992 Paul received a PhD from the University of Kent for research into the distribution of statistical classification techniques over parallel processors.


ABSTRACT
Over the past 25 years I have been lucky enough to work on a host of fascinating technologies, from biometric verification techniques, to speech recognition, image processing, and most recently, advanced mathematical modelling for cyber analysis.  In this presentation, I reflect on my career, both from the perspective of the technologies, as well as, the fascinating people and lessons learnt en route.   
 
Derek Gallaher
Derek Gallaher
BIOGRAPHY
Derek has over 25 years experience of project and programme management across a variety of sectors, both public and private.  During that time Derek has worked extensively with a variety of EU funded programmes, starting with ESF, through ERDF and the Innovative Actions Programme to FP6 & now FP7.
Derek has occupied the role of National Contact Point for the FP7 Security theme since June 2010, where his main responsibilities are to advise, assist and support UK organisations considering participation in the FP7 programme and its calls for proposals. He is one of a team of UK FP7 National Contact Points (NCP) funded by the Technology Strategy Board on a free of charge basis.
Prior to taking on the NCP role, Derek’s experience was principally in the collaborative R&D, innovation and knowledge transfer sectors, developing and delivering a range of EU funded technology transfer projects aimed at helping industry, particularly SMEs increase innovation within their businesses. 
A graduate of Glasgow University and fluent German speaker, Derek is married and lives and works from home in the Renfrewshire village of Kilmacolm.

ABSTRACT
Derek Gallaher, UK National Contact point for Security at the Technology Strategy Board will discuss the shift from the current EU EP7 Programme to the new Horizon 2020 Programme which launches in 2014 and runs for the next seven years. In comparison to the FP7 programme, the new programme is expected to put greater emphasis on innovation and will support research which brings end users closer to its process and outputs. The rules under Horizon 2020 programme are expected to bring greater simplification of the application process, unified funding rates and quicker decision making on grants funding. The new programme will be organised around three main "pillars": Excellent Science, Industrial Leadership, and Societal Challenges. The third pillar includes "Secure Societies - Protecting the freedom and security of Europe and its citizens" where security research topics are located.

Page last modified on 03 jun 14 11:51