A type of subordinate clause,
describing the reason why some action or event holds true, e.g. John
was an hour late, because he missed the train.
The reciprocal pronouns in
English are each other and one another.
This is a type of relative
clause which lacks a relative adverb or pronoun. For example, the book
written by you and the man following us both
contain reduced relatives. The full relative equivalents are: the book
which was written by you, and the man who is following
us. Unlike zero relative clauses, reduced relatives contain nonfinite
A pronoun in the OBJECTIVE
CASE followed by the -self ending, e.g. Bill cut himself.
We defended ourselves brilliantly. In these examples the
highlighted reflexive pronoun refers back to the SUBJECT of the sentence.
When, where and
why are a relative of ADVERBS. They can occur at the beginning
of a RELATIVE CLAUSE, as in the following sentence:. This is the house
where Diane was born.
A relative clause gives more
information about a noun or modifies it, as in the following example:
The man who bought our house has just won the lottery. Relative
clauses contain relative adverbs or pronouns, which do not need to be
overt, for example in a ZERO RELATIVE CLAUSE or a REDUCED RELATIVE CLAUSE.
Who, which, that
and whom are relative pronouns. They occur at the beginning of
RELATIVE CLAUSES. For example, The cake that I've just baked
is too hot to eat.
A subordinate clause which
describes the result of some event, e.g. the kitchen was flooded, so
we had to eat out.