Metacognition & Executive Functions
GROUP LEADER - Prof. Paul Burgess
GROUP LEADER - Emeritus Prof. Tim Shallice
GROUP LEADER - Dr Sam Gilbert
The group carries out research on executive functions, the processes that supervise the operation of other cognitive processes and which are primarily located in the frontal lobes of the brain. We use a variety of cognitive neuroscience methods, principally functional imaging (PET, fMRI), human neuropsychology (group lesion studies, single case investigations), computational modelling, human experimental psychological investigations, developmental studies (i.e. studies of how cognition changes as the brain develops) and studies of ageing. The 4 main strands of research being carried out by the group focus on: the roles played by different regions of the frontal lobes in human cognition (particularly brain area 10); the processes controlling how information is stored and retrieved from memory; planning, multitasking, and remembering delayed intentions (prospective memory); the clinical applications of our work (e.g. cognitive neurorehabilitation, psychological treatments, development of assessment tools).
- Clarisse Aichelburg
The aim of my PhD is to investigate various properties of intention encoding and their effects on brain activity associated with prospective memory, with the main objective to clarify how they link to successful prospective memory. The involvement of three particular properties in intention encoding will be addressed, namely imagery, the valuation of intentions as well as their timing specificity for realisation.
- Annika Boldt
I am interested in how the human brain is capable of forming metacognitive judgements. Metacognition is usually defined as thinking about one’s own thoughts and actions. This important and ubiquitous ability serves to optimise behaviour in countless situations, ensuring that we have control over what we are doing. If we lose control, metacognitive warning signals ensure the additional allocation of attentional resources.
- Sarah White
Mentalising, central coherence and executive function in autism & Asperger Syndrome. Cognitive subtypes and individual differences in the autism spectrum and their relationship to behaviour. Understanding of social stereotypes in autism. Sensorimotor impairments in dyslexia and other developmental disorders.