2. LAWS AD305-337 Description


Scope of the Table

This table includes all imperial pronouncements in Latin from the abdication of Diocletian and Maximian down to the death of Constantine the Great (AD305-337). Most of the material derives from either the Theodosian or Justinian Codes, although there is significant material from inscriptions, the Fragmenta Vaticana and non-legal literary sources such as Optatus and Augustine. Because of the dating problems arising from easily confusible imperial names in the headings and in the consular subscripts to texts from the Codes, a number of texts included in the table for 337-364 are also included in this table. The attribution of such texts in this table to Constantinus I does not necessarily match the judgements to be found in the later table for his sons.

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Description of Fields

2. Laws AD305-337


Law ID This is the primary reference number identifiying a text. This is usually in the form of a standard reference to a legal source (e.g. CJ 1.1.1), but texts deriving from other literary sources or from papyri or inscriptions have been provided with their own unique identifiers for the purpose of the database. Descriptions of these and other abbreviations used can be found on the main description page.
Codex Order This gives a complementary list of references according to their order in the sources (by using additional zeros: thus CJ 01.01.01 instead of CJ 1.1.1). This enables the sorting of material produced by searches according to this criterion.
ARC Palingenesi The relevant volume of the ARC project (vol. 2/1) has not yet appeared. The few references are either to the volume of Constantine's texts from literary sources (1/3: Silli 1987), or items placed by ARC in the volume for the sons of Constantine (2/2; Cuneo 1997).
Titulus The heading or title under which a text appears in its source work.
CTh Kr The reference to Krueger's edition of CTh Books I-VI (Berlin, 1923) and VII-VIII (Berlin, 1926).
Titulus (Kr) The heading or title under which a text appears in Krueger's CTh edition.
Brev For CTh texts, the reference to the Breviary of Alaric. The Breviary interpretatio appears under BrevInterp below.
Codex Justinianus For CTh texts (usually), the reference to the parallel CJ version.
Citation A non-verbatim reference to the text in a later work.
Excerpta Later works that quote the text verbatim, derived from this version.
Doublet Another copy of the same text within the same work (i.e. twin-texts within CTh).
Sibling Another copy of the text, but in an unrelated work (e.g. in both CTh and Sirm.).
Join A text which is considered to be another part of the same constitution.
Association A text, which while not part of the same constitution, may be related to it in some other way (e.g. based on same/similar date or recipient).
Correspondence A text with any other type of relationship worthy of note.
Author (actual) The emperor who actually issued the pronouncement. For details, see the list of emperors.
Author (recorded) The issuer as recorded or implied by the source work. Where the name is presumed by the phrase 'Idem A.' in the Codes, this is indicated.
Author (theoretical) The full theoretical imperial college. Full details of these colleges is given in the list of imperial colleges.
Addressee name The addressee's name as recorded in the text (manuscript variants are usually only recorded in the critical apparatus with the text).
Addressee identity The identity of an addressee as recorded in PLRE vol. 1 (1971). Note that this records the identity as presumed in the database, and in some cases (not many) the judgement of PLRE may be different.
Addressee office (recorded) The addressee's office or quality as recorded (e.g. praeses, ueteranus; also populus, prouinciales).
Addressee office (expected) The addressee's office or quality as expected (usually the same as that 'recorded')
Text The main text. The headings and subscripts are given in capitals, the main text in lower case. Editorial material appears in brackets. Inscriptions usually appear in a TRANSCRIBED UPPER CASE VERSION, then a lower case reconstruction.
Authority (CTh) Details of CTh and Breviary mss only.
Authority (other) Details of any other sources.
Translation An English translation, or reference to one. Generally blank is this table.
Brevinterpr The interpretatio from the Breviary.
SummAnt The Summaria Antiqua comments as published by Sirks, Amsterdam, 1996.
Other Scholia Text of any other ancient annotations or commentary, including non-Breviary interpretationes.
Datum (MS) Date of issue as recorded in the manuscripts, allowing for the fact that manuscripts may disagree or the date be an impossible one. Note that all dates are given in the format: yyy/mm/dd.
Datum (Mommsen) Date of issue as given by Mommsen either ad loc. or in the chronological listing of constistutions in his Prolegomena.
Datum (Seeck) Date of issue as given in Seeck's Regesten.
Datum (Barnes) Date of issue as accepted or suggested by Barnes, New Empire in his reconstructions of imperial journeys, his list of uicarii and governors, or occasionally from his discussion of praetorian prefects..
Datum (other) Any other alternative proposed dating.
Datum (preferred) Date preferred by the database.
DatLocation (recorded) Place of issue as recorded, but given in the Latin nominative form.
DatLocation (expected) Place of issue expected (in the Latin nominative form).
AccLecPropositum (recorded) Date of posting or receipt as recorded in the source.
AccLecPropositum (Seeck) Date of posting as given in Seeck's Regesten.
AccLecPropositum (preferred) Date of posting or receipt preferred by the database.
AccLecPropLocation (recorded) Place of posting or receipt as recorded, but given in the Latin nominative form.
AccLecPropLocation (expected) Place of posting or receipt as expected (in the Latin nominative form).
Conss (recorded) The consuls recorded (allowing for manuscript disagreements).
Conss (preferred) The consuls preferred by the database.
Notes Any explanatory notes, with bibliography.


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Last updated 01 November 2004