1. LAWS AD193-305 Description


Scope of the Table

This table includes all imperial pronouncements in Latin (with a couple in Greek) from the reign of Pertinax down to the abdication of Diocletian and Maximian (AD193-305). Most of the material consists of private rescripts from the Justinian Code and other legal sources deriving ultimately from the lost Gregorian and Hermogenian Codes. The texts are reproduced from the disk accompanying Tony Honore's Emperors and Lawyers. Although he included also the letters and edicts from the Justinian Code, he did not seek to be comprehensive for texts other than private rescripts. Therefore, some material excluded or overlooked has been added, in particular from the Digest and from epigraphic sources. There is a small number of transcribed Greek texts, but most Greek material is currently not included. Since for this period such material derives largely from inscriptions and papyri, recourse can be had to Oliver's Greek Constitutions of the Early Roman Emperors.

(return to contents)


Description of Fields

1. Laws AD193-305


Law ID This is the primary reference number identifiying a text. This is usually in the form of a standard reference to a legal source (e.g. CJ 1.1.1), but texts deriving from other literary sources or from papyri or inscriptions have been provided with their own unique identifiers for the purpose of the database. Descriptions of these and other abbreviations used can be found on the main description page.
Codex Order This gives a complementary list of references according to their order in the sources (by using additional zeros: thus CJ 01.01.01 instead of CJ 1.1.1). This enables the sorting of material produced by searches according to this criterion.
Honoré Ref No. This is the reference number from Honoré, Emperors and Lawyers. The first element is Honoré's unique number for a text and progresses in chronological order. Note, however, that some numbers are missing, and others have been added in by using an alphabetic suffix. The second and third elements represent the number for presumed author (the a libellis or magister libellorum), and the number of the constitution in the sequence of that author's texts. Note that this last number can be repeated where more than one textual extract is thought to belong to a larger constitution. Note that Honoré does not give separate entries for 'doublet' or 'sibling' texts, but these are provided by the table. Thus some Honoré numbers occur more than once. The second and third elements are not present for texts that Honoré does not assign to a magister libellorum.
Titulus The heading or title under which a text appears in its source work.
Source Cited This gives any further source cited as the ultimate origin for a text (e.g. attribution to the Codex Gregorianus or Hermogenianus in the Collatio or Consultatio).
Titulus (source) The heading or title under which a text is stated to have appeared within that ultimate source work.
Doublet Another copy of the same text within the same work (i.e. twin-texts within CJ).
Sibling Another copy of the text, but in an unrelated work (e.g. in both CJ and FV).
Join A text which is considered to be another part of the same constitution.
Association A text, which while not part of the same constitution, may be related to it in some other way (e.g. based on same/similar date or recipient).
Correspondence A text with any other type of relationship worthy of note.
Excerpta Later works that quote the text verbatim, derived from this version.
Citation A non-verbatim reference to the text in a later work.
Author (actual) The emperor who actually issued the pronouncement. For details, see the list of emperors.
Author (recorded) The issuer as recorded or implied by the source work. Where the name is presumed by the phrase 'Idem A.' in the Codes, this is indicated.
Author (theoretical) The full theoretical imperial college. Full details of these colleges is given in the list of imperial colleges.
Addressee name The addressee's name as recorded in the text (manuscript variants are usually only recorded in the critical apparatus with the text). Note that, since most names are given in the dative, it is sometimes unclear what the correct nominative form might be, or even if the recipient is male or female. The Greek Lexicon of Personal Names database has been used to audit the plausibility of many names in cases of doubt.
Addressee identity The identity of an addressee as recorded in PIR or PLRE. Since these works were designed to include only people of some rank, this field is seldom used in this table, since the majority of named recipients are otherwise unknown private individuals.
Addressee office (recorded) The addressee's office or quality as recorded (e.g. praeses, miles, ueteranus).
Addressee office (expected) The addressee's office or quality as expected (usually the same as that 'recorded')
Text The main text. For most items in this table, this follows Honoré's text and choice of critical apparatus. The headings and subscripts, which he does not reproduce, have been added back. These are given in capitals, the main text in lower case. Editorial material appears in brackets. Inscriptions usually appear in a TRANSCRIBED UPPER CASE VERSION, then a lower case reconstruction.
Authority The source details (e.g. manuscripts, inscriptions, papyri).
Translation An English translation, or reference to one. Generally blank is this table.
Scholia Text of any ancient annotations or commentary.
Datum (MS) Date of issue as recorded in the manuscripts, allowing for the fact that manuscripts may disagree or the date be an impossible one. Note that all dates are given in the format: yyy/mm/dd.
Datum (Mommsen) Date of issue as given in Mommsen's Gesammelte Schriften II (Berlin, 1905) ch. 21[for the period 284-305 only].
Datum (Barnes) Date of issue as accepted by Barnes, New Empire ch. 3 (284-305 only).
Datum (Honoré) Date of issue as given by Honoré's palingenesia.
Datum (other) Any other alternative proposed datings.
Datum (preferred) Date preferred by the database.
DatLocation (recorded) Place of issue as recorded, but given in the Latin nominative form.
DatLocation (expected) Place of issue expected (in the Latin nominative form).
AccLecPropositum (recorded) Date of posting or receipt as recorded in the source.
AccLecPropositum (Honoré) Date of posting as given by Honoré's palingenesia.
AccLecPropositum (preferred) Date of posting or receipt preferred by the database.
AccLecPropLocation (recorded) Place of posting or receipt as recorded, but given in the Latin nominative form.
AccLecPropLocation (expected) Place of posting or receipt as expected (in the Latin nominative form).
Conss (recorded) The consuls recorded (allowing for manuscript disagreements).
Conss (preferred) The consuls preferred by the database.
Notes Any explanatory notes, with bibliography.


(return to contents)

Return to main page

Last updated 01 November 2004