Starts: Oct 28, 2013 9:30:00 AM
May 7, 2013 1:00:00 PM
End: May 17, 2013 7:30:00 PM
Location: various venues, UCL Bloomsbury Campus More...
The panel investigates shifts in the role of the Holocaust in European public debates in the recent past. Contrasting developments in Poland, Germany, and Great Britain, we will identify common threads as well as differences in perceiving, presenting, memorizing the mass murder of European Jewries.
The Yiddish Forverts has recently published a report from the Graduate Student Conference on ‘Jewish Spirituality in Eastern Europe – a Textual Perspective,’ held at the Department of Hebrew and Jewish Studies, UCL on 6-7 June, 2012. The article, authored by conference participant Adi Mahalel (Columbia University), is available online on the website of the Forverts: http://yiddish.forward.com/node/4589 More...
Over a period of three years, the Hebrew and Jewish Studies Department at UCL has been cooperating in a research project devoted to 'Cultural Continuitiy in the Diaspora: Paris and Berlin in 1917-1937', based at the Department of European Studies and Modern Languages, University of Bath, and in cooperation with the Centre for European and International Studies at the University of Portsmouth. The project had been funded by the Leverhulme Trust Academic Collaboration-International Network scheme. Among the initiators of the project had been the late John D. Klier. More...
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HEBR1003 - A Survey of Jewish History and Culture 1000-1800 CE
Professor Michael Berkowitz
Department of Hebrew and Jewish Studies, UCL
326 Foster Court
office hours: Mondays, 1430-1630 and by appointment
Mode of assessment:
Two essays of 2-2,500 words each
In Term 2 (5 weeks only)
Wednesdays, 1100-1300 in Room 331, Foster Court
Fridays, 0900-1100 in Room 331, Foster Court
Wednesday, 9 January 2013: introductions; the Jewish minority in Central Europe; Ashkenaz; Rashi; Sepharad; economic life
Friday, 11 January 2013: Crusades; martyrdom; the Western Church and the Jews; the Inquisition; disputations
Wednesday 16 January 2013: changes and patterns in antisemitism; heresy-hunting; the Dominicans and Franciscans; the "Blood Libel"; charges in England
Friday, 18 January 2013: the Black Death; expulsions; Jews and Islam; consequences of the Muslim conquest; the Cairo Genizah; Jewry under Islam; Maimonides
Wednesday, 23 January 2013: Jewish decline and renewal in Muslim lands; 1492 and afterwards; Conversos and Spain; Jews and the New World; Jewry in eastward movement; Jewry in Britain
First paper due (given to the departmental office, 318 Foster Court) before the beginning of class (23 January 2013):
From the perspective of both Jewish and Christian participants, discuss what each side sought to achieve with the public disputations. Your essay must include two references each to at least three different sources in the bibliography.
Friday, 25 January 2013: Conversos and the seeds of doubt; Uriel da Costa; Spinoza and Biblical criticism; the Jews come to Poland; political, economic and religious tension
Wednesday, 30 January 2013: inner life and "Golden Age" of Polish Jewry: self-government and education; women and Jewish prayer; rabbinics; Jewish mysticism; mystical messianism
Friday, 1 February 2013: the Reformation and the Jews; Martin Luther; realities and myths of Yiddish; Jewish bandits.
Academic literature suvey due (given in to the departmental office, 318 Foster Court) before the beginning of class (1 February 2013):
Please write a summary of some of the academic literature which you will use in your second essay. It should be no more than two pages long. It may be based on either one scholarly book, read in its entirety, or three substantial articles and must be properly referenced.
Wednesday, 6 February 2013: Shabbati Zvi; Frankism and Donmeh; BESHT and Hasidism; the Vilna Gaon; Tsadikism
Friday, 8 February 2013: the Enlightenment and its underside; Gotthold Ephraim Lessing and the Aufklärung; Moses Mendelssohn; Dohm's plan; Joseph II's Edict of Toleration; the price and promise of emancipation
Final paper due 20 February 2013, to be turned in to the Departmental Office, 318 Foster Court:
Select either A or B or C:
A. Discuss the Jewish responses to Sabbatai Sevi's Messianic claim
B. Discuss the ways that the Hasidic movement developed, historically, and spread its concept of Judaism.
C. Discuss the ways in which Moses Mendelssohn sought to bring Enlightenment to Jewry.
Your essay must include at least two references each to at least three different sources in the bibliography.
Please use the books and articles listed in the bibliography. Should you find other sources you believe may be helpful please check with the instructor.
Outdated but helpful "classics" which should be used with more recent scholarship:
- Israel Abrahams, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages
- Yitzhak Baer, A History of the Jews in Christian Spain
- Yitzhak Baer, Galut
- S. Dubnov, History of the Jews in Russia and Poland
- Louis Finkelstein, Jewish Self-Government in the Middle Ages
- H. Graetz, Popular History of the Jews
- Cecil Roth, History of the Jews in England
- Michael Brenner, A Short History of the Jews
- John Efron, ed., The Jews: A History
- Amos Funkenstein, Perceptions of Jewish History (especially pages 169-219)
- Jonathan Israel, European Jewry in the Age of Merchantilism
- Robert Seltzer, Jewish People, Jewish Thought
- Haim H. Ben-Sassoon, ed., A History of the Jewish People
- *****Jacob R. Marcus, ed., The Jew in the Medieval World: A Source Book: 315-1791, rev. edition edited by Marc Sapperstein
- Jacob Katz, Exclusiveness and Tolerance: Studies in Jewish-Gentile
- Relations in Medieval and Modern Times
- Mark R. Cohen, Under Crescent and Cross: The Jews in the Middle Ages
- Michael Graetz and Mordechai Breuer, German Jewish History in Modern Times
- (volume 1): Tradition and Enlightenment 1600-1780 (ed. Michael Meyer)
- Hyam Maccoby, Judaism on Trial: A Pariah People
- David Nirenberg, Communities of Violence: Persecution of Minorities in the Middle Ages
- Moses Shulvass, The History of the Jewish People: Early Middle Ages
- Moses Shulvass, The History of the Jewish People: Late Middle Ages
- Kenneth Stow, Alienated Minority: The Jews of Medieval Latin Europe
Spain and Western Europe
- Jane Gerber, The Jews of Spain
- Robert Chazan, ed., Church, State and Jew in the Middle Ages
- Robert Chazan, Daggers of Faith: Thirteenth Century Christian Missionizing and Jewish Response
- Robert Chazan, Barcelona and Beyond: The Disputation of 1263 and Its
- Jeremy Cohen, The Friars and the Jews
- William Jordan, Ideology and Royal Power in Medieval France: Kingship,
- Crusades and the Jews
- Bernard Glassman, Antisemitic Stereotypes without Jews: Images of the Jews in England, 1290-1700
- David Katz, The Jews in the History of England
- James Shapiro, Shakespeare and the Jews
- Immanuel Etkes, The Gaon of Vilna: The Man and His Imagestea
- Edward Fram, Ideals Face Reality: Jewish Law and Life in Poland, 1550-1655
- Iwo Pogonowski, Richard Pipes, eds., Jews in Poland: A Documentary History
- Salo Baron, Social and Religious History of the Jews, vol. 16: Late Middle Ages and Era of European Expansion (1200-1650)
- Glenn Dynner, Men of Silk
- Gerson Hundert, ed., Essential Papers on Hasidism [everything else by Hundert]
- M.J. Rosman, The Lord's Jews [everything else by Rosman]
- Antony Polonsky, The Jews in Poland and Russia, vol. 1: 1350-1881
- Antony Polonsky, Jakub Basista, Andrzeu Link-Lenczowski, eds., The Jews in Old Poland, 1000-1795
- Hillel Levine, Economic Origins of Antisemitism: Poland and Its Jews in the Early Modern Period
- Moses Shulvass, From East to West
- Shaul Stampfer, Families, Rabbis and Education: Traditional Jewish Society in Nineteenth-century Eastern Europe
- Polin (journal)
- Mysticism and Messianism
- Gershom Scholem, Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism
- Gershom Scholem, Sabbatai Sevi: The Mystical Messiah
- Moshe Idel, Kabbalah: New Perspectives
- Moshe Idel, Messianic Mystics
- Joseph Dan, Jewish Mysiticism in the High Middle Ages
Hasidism and its Opponents
- Moshe Rosman, Founder of Hasidism: A Quest for the Historical Ba'Al Shem Tov
- Ada Rapoport-Albert, ed., Hasidism Reappraised
- Elijah Judah Schocket and George Kranzler, The Hasidic Movement and the Gaon of Vilna
- Allan Nadler, Faith of the Mithnagdim: The Rabbinic Responses to Rapture
- YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe, ed. Gershon Hundert
Toward Modernity in Central Europe
- Jacob Katz, Out of the Ghetto
- Michael Meyer, The Origins of the Modern Jew
- Alexander Altmann, Moses Mendelssohn
- David Sorkin, Moses Mendelssohn and the Religious Enlightenment
- Jehudah Reinharz and Paul Mendes-Flohr, eds., The Jew in the Modern World
General instructions for essays
No handwritten work is acceptable. Essays must be typed or word-processed, double-spaced and proof-read, with approximately 250 words per page. Essays should be approximately 2,000 words; the absolute maximum is 2,500 words. ALL ESSAYS SHOULD FOLLOW THE GUIDELINES OF THE DEPARTMENTAL STYLE SHEET, WITH ONE IMPORTANT ADDITION: PLEASE INDICATE THE PUBLISHER, AS WELL AS THE PLACE OF PUBLICATION, IN YOUR CITATION.
Be particularly careful if you cite sources from the internet. You must print out--and keep in hard copy--all material you use from the internet.
Evaluation of your essays will focus first on the breadth and depth of the historical analysis and the cogency of the interpretation. Your essay must demonstrate a careful reading of the relevant portions of books. In addition, the quality of the English prose is an important factor in the determination of the mark. Papers should be written in formal, grammatical English. Sentence fragments, spelling mistakes, typographical errors, misplaced modifiers, faulty punctuation, contractions, and colloquialisms (among other errors) all distract and confuse the reader. Consequently, papers containing an excessive number of these mistakes--more than two per page--will be graded down. All quotations and paraphrases from the works of others must be cited appropriately, using formal footnotes or endnotes. You must be consistent with whatever form you use. It is strongly encouraged to concentrate on the texts listed above rather than consulting outside books. Failure to cite sources constitutes plagiarism, a serious infraction of university rules.
You are strongly encouraged to read your paper, either to yourself or a companion, out loud. It is imperative that your paper be carefully proof-read before turning it in. Please make sure that your printer prints dark enough.
ALWAYS "SAVE" FREQUENTLY AND KEEP A HARD COPY OF THE PAPER FOR YOURSELF. You also are required to keep copies of all notes related to your work.