Starts: Oct 28, 2013 9:30:00 AM
May 7, 2013 1:00:00 PM
End: May 17, 2013 7:30:00 PM
Location: various venues, UCL Bloomsbury Campus More...
The panel investigates shifts in the role of the Holocaust in European public debates in the recent past. Contrasting developments in Poland, Germany, and Great Britain, we will identify common threads as well as differences in perceiving, presenting, memorizing the mass murder of European Jewries.
The Yiddish Forverts has recently published a report from the Graduate Student Conference on ‘Jewish Spirituality in Eastern Europe – a Textual Perspective,’ held at the Department of Hebrew and Jewish Studies, UCL on 6-7 June, 2012. The article, authored by conference participant Adi Mahalel (Columbia University), is available online on the website of the Forverts: http://yiddish.forward.com/node/4589 More...
Over a period of three years, the Hebrew and Jewish Studies Department at UCL has been cooperating in a research project devoted to 'Cultural Continuitiy in the Diaspora: Paris and Berlin in 1917-1937', based at the Department of European Studies and Modern Languages, University of Bath, and in cooperation with the Centre for European and International Studies at the University of Portsmouth. The project had been funded by the Leverhulme Trust Academic Collaboration-International Network scheme. Among the initiators of the project had been the late John D. Klier. More...
Donate to the Department by clicking on the button below:
Calendars in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages: Standardization and Fixation
A major research project funded by an Advanced Grant of the European Research Council (ERC)
This research project studies the evolution of calendars in late antique and medieval societies, with a special focus on Roman, Christian, Jewish, and Islamic calendars. The complex evolution of these calendars was closely related to politics, science, and religion, and contributed more widely to the standardization of culture in the ancient and medieval worlds.
The project is based in the Department of Hebrew and Jewish Studies, with Professor Sacha Stern as Principal Investigator and five Research Associates working in several areas including the seven-day week, late antique hemerologia, medieval Jewish calendar disputes, and medieval Arabic and Hebrew monographs on astronomy and calendars. It is funded by an ERC Advanced Grant to the value of €2,499,000, the largest ever achieved in the Faculty of Arts and Humanities.
The study of calendars has been neglected by historians as a merely technical curiosity; but in fact, the calendar was at the heart of ancient and medieval culture, as a structured perception of time, and as an organizing principle of social life. Our study of calendars covers a wide range of historical periods and cultural traditions, and employs a wide range of disciplines: social history, ancient and medieval astronomy and mathematics, the study of religions, literature, epigraphy, and codicology. We are interested to discover how Roman, Christian, Jewish, and Islamic calendars evolved, in late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, towards ever increasing standardization and fixation.
To this end, we are focusing on five specific manifestations
of this process:
- the diffusion and standardization of the seven-day week in the Roman Empire;
- 'hemerologia' (comparative calendar tables) and their production in late Antiquity;
- the Jewish calendar dispute, between Palestinians and Babylonians, of 921-2 CE;
- Jewish calendar fixed cycles in medieval manuscripts;
- monographs on the calendar by medieval Muslim, Christian, and Jewish scholars, especially al-Biruni’s 'Chronology of the Ancient Nations' and Isaac Israeli’s 'Yesod Olam'.
Study of these five research areas will enable us to formulate a general interpretation and explanation of how and why calendars became increasingly standardized and fixed. Our Research Associates and their main research areas are: Dr Ilaria Bultrighini (the week in the Roman Empire; the 'hemerologia'), Dr Nadia Vidro (Jewish calendar cycles), Dr François de Blois (Biruni’s 'Chronology'), Dr Ilana Wartenberg and Dr Israel Sandman (Israeli’s 'Yesod Olam'). Professor Sacha Stern is working in all areas, and especially on the dispute of 921-2 CE. Our project administrator is Georgia Panteli.
Workshops on project-related themes are organized on a regular basis, with the participation of international experts and open access to the public.