UCL Grand Challenge of Global Health
- About Our Work
- Small Grants
- Research Expertise
- UCL Institute for Global Health
- Getting Involved
- Contact Us
The winners of the 2013 UCL Grand Challenges Small Grants for the Grand Challenge of Global Health have been awarded to the following projects.
To view GCGH grants for previous years please select a year from the left-hand menu.
Lead applicant: Professor Jonathan Wells (Institute of Child Health)
Main collaborator: Dr Andrea Migliano (Anthropology)
Late-onset diabetes affects millions of people in India, with numbers expected to increase in coming decades. Diabetes occurs at lower levels of body weight and younger ages in Indians compared to European populations, but these differences are poorly understood.
This project will use life history theory to consider the wide range of factors
which affect healthy development. We will use data from the Pune Maternal
Nutrition Study to provide insight into how parental health influences the
health of their children, and the factors that influence the development of
late-onset diabetes in adolescents and adults.
Lead applicant: Dr Joanna Morrison (Institute for Global Health)
Main collaborator: Dr James Wilson (Centre for Philosophy, Justice & Health)
The births and deaths of two-thirds of the world’s population go unrecorded. This project examines the feasibility and ethical acceptability of Mobile InterVA (MIVA), a new low-cost mobile system for recording probable cause of death.
MIVA uses a simple computer programme to determine probable causes of death, which means that families can be informed much more quickly than with traditional forms of verbal autopsy. However, it also raises significant ethical questions. This project will use interviews with professionals and families we will explore the issues which affect how people respond to the death of a family member, and how MIVA can be used most effectively and appropriately in rural Nepali settings.
Lead applicant: Professor Dallas Swallow (Faculty of Life Sciences)
Main collaborator: Professor Ruth Mace (Faculty of Social & Historical Sciences)
The ability to digest lactose, the sugar found in milk, is a genetically linked trait, which demonstrates natural selection in humans. This genetic trait also provides insight into the way communities grow and migrate, and the cultural changes that affect diet and way of life.
This project will focus on goat herders living in the Chilean Andes, who have a relatively recent history of dairy farming and milk consumption. Building on work already conducted in the community, we will explore the cultural and biological evolution of milk drinking, exploring evolutionary advantages of carrying lactase persistence alleles and their effect on fertility, child morality, height, and milk consumption.
Lead applicant: Dr Terence Leung (Medical Physics & Bioengineering)
Main collaborator: Dr Judith Meek (UCLH)
Neonatal jaundice is a common condition in newborn infants, caused by increased bilirubin level and characterised by a yellow colouration of the skin. While it is usually not serious, it may affect the child’s health and can even cause brain damage or death.
This project aims to develop a smartphone app to help midwives and parents to easily identify jaundice. We hope that this simple, low-cost solution will enable health workers in the UK and in developing countries The project will measure bilirubin levels in newborn babies at UCL Hospitals to develop an accurate and reliable evidence base. A workshop will be organised in UCLH to report the results towards the end of the research and also gather new healthcare app ideas for future projects.
Lead applicant: Dr Colin Marx (Bartlett Development Planning Unit)
Main collaborator: Dr Sarah Hawkes (Institute for Global Health)
Research indicates that people living in informal settlements are significantly more likely to be diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. This project will analyse 'integrated interventions' that respond to the confluence of HIV and informal settlements in Sub-Saharan Africa amongst established networks of HIV and urban planning activists. Workshops and a working paper will provide opportunities for researchers and practitioners to share their experiences and ideas on new strategies to address inequalities and diseases.
Page last modified on 15 may 13 20:19