Gee Research Blog
Dating Mammalian Evolution
Fri, 28 Mar 2014 15:14:37 +0000
When the age of the dinosaurs ended around 65 million years ago, mammals stepped in to fill the gap, and the age of the placentals began. However, whether early placental mammals were already present on Earth before the demise of the dinosaurs has been the subject of a long standing debate. Recent research in GEE [...]Read more...
The Delicate Balance of Effect and Response
Tue, 18 Feb 2014 11:50:36 +0000
We may not always be aware of it, but many wild plants, animals, fungi and even bacteria, provide crucial services to us which keep the ecosystems of Earth functioning. Environmental changes caused by human activities are now threatening many species, and those that cannot withstand these changes may be lost forever, potentially taking the services [...]Read more...
It’s All in the Wrist
Fri, 20 Dec 2013 16:18:20 +0000
The evolution of the primate wrist has been dramatic, enabling primates to adapt to a wide variety of lifestyles and walking styles, including tree-swinging, climbing and terrestrial walking both on four legs and two. In hominids, the evolution of the bipedal gait freed up the forelimbs for tool use, and the wrist evolved independently from [...]Read more...
The Transcriptional Profile of A ‘Wingman’
Wed, 27 Nov 2013 14:25:48 +0000
In many species, males have special adaptations to attract females. From antlers to stalk-eyes, to bright plumage and beards, males across the animal kingdom work hard to look attractive to the opposite sex. In some species, looking good isn’t enough, though. Male wild turkeys need a less attractive ‘wingman’ to help him attract a woman. [...]Read more...
Damage and Fidelity: The Role of the Female Germline in mtDNA Inheritance
Mon, 11 Nov 2013 15:13:12 +0000
Billions of years ago, one single-celled organism engulfed another, beginning a symbiotic interaction that would change live on Earth forever. The mitochondria are what remains of this symbiotic event, and are responsible for producing energy in all eukaryotic cells. Derived from a free-living organism, they carry their own genes, but these genes are at risk [...]Read more...
Media (in alphabetical order)
Anjali Goswami is currently a joint lecturer in palaeobiology in the Department of Genetics, Evolution, and Environment and the Department of Earth Sciences. She is also affiliated with the Department of Cell and Developmental Biology and currently serves as the Environmental Biology stream representative for the Natural Sciences program. Outside of UCL, she serves as co-chair of the Scientific Program Committee and is a member of the media response team for the Society of Vertebrate Palaeontology. Her main research interests are in mammalian evolution and development, especially using morphometric methods to incorporate data from embryos to fossils to test genetic and developmental hypotheses of modularity and morphological diversity.
'Carnivoran Evolution: New Views on Phylogeny, Form, and Function' (A. Goswami and A. Friscia, eds.), was published by Cambridge University Press as the first volume in their new series 'Cambridge Studies in Morphology and Molecules: New Paradigms in Evolutionary Biology'.
Steve Jones, Professor of Genetics, in his most recent book 'Darwin's Island: the Galapagos in the Garden of England' completed the ambitious and perhaps misled scheme to update the whole of Darwin's scientific writings for the bicentennial of the great man's birth in 2009. He is the author of popular books on genetics for specialist and lay audiences. including 'Coral: a Pessimist in Paradise', which traces the decline and fall of the reefs and the unexpected science that emerges from the simple animals that make them, 'The Single Helix', 'Y: The Descent of Men', 'Almost Like a Whale', 'In the Blood' and 'The Language of Genes'.
Steve Jones teaches on our first year undergraduate course 'Genes to Organisms', about genetics and evolution and in our second year 'Introduction to Human Genetics' course.
Nick Lane is a biochemist and writer. He holds the first Provost's Venture Research Fellowship in the Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment at University College London, and is a founding member of the UCL Consortium for Mitochondrial Research. His research is on the role of bioenergetics in the origin and evolution of complex life. He is the author of four popular science books and numerous scientific publications. His most recent book 'Life Ascending: The Ten Great Inventions of Evolution' (Profile/Norton 2009) is a celebration of the inventiveness of life, and of our own ability to read the deep past to reconstruct the history of life on earth. The great inventions are: the origin of life, DNA, photosynthesis, the complex cell, sex, movement, sight, hot blood, consciousness and death.
Linda Partridge, Weldon Professor of Biometry and Director of The Institute of Healthy Ageing, regularly appears on television and radio talking about her research into ageing as well as providing advice to programme makers on the same.Her TV appearances range from programmes such as the BBC Nine O'clock News and Newsnight to Channel 4's 'Millennium Minds' in which she outlined the contribution of Charles Darwin to science. For radio, she has participated in a wide variety of shows from the News, The Today Programme, Melvyn Bragg's 'In our Time', Science Now, the World Service, Radio 4 and Radio 5 Live, discussing her own and other people's research.
She is the author of numerous papers and books on the subject of the Genetics of Ageing using the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster as her model organism and lectures on our third year Biology of Ageing undergraduate course.
Linda Partridge is the recipient of many awards, including giving the Royal Society Croonian Prize Lecture in May 2009 and her recent DBE for services to science.
His research addresses evolutionary questions primarily in the area of sexual selection. One of the key questions he has been working on is the evolution of female mate preferences for exaggerated male sexual traits used in courtship display. In addition, his recent theoretical work has investigated sex determination and the evolution of gene networks, genomic imprinting of sex chromosomes, and the consequences of intra-genomic conflicts.
He co-authored with Mark Pagel, the popular text 'Evolutionary Genomics and Proteomics' which is the first major review of developments in the rapidly growing areas of genomics and proteomics, with particular emphasis on placing these fields in an evolutionary context. With a growing understanding of genes, their diversity and regulation, and how their products work together in networks of interacting elements, a new era of biology is emerging.
Mark Thomas, Professor of Evolutionary Genetics, featured in the Channel 4 television series Britain AD: King Arthur's Britain and on BBC Radio 4's Today Programme where he discussed the origins of the people of England, on ITV News at Ten and BBC News 24 where he discussed mammoth DNA, on Channel 4 News where he discussed the recovery of the genome of an ancient Greenlander, and on Sky News where he discussed various aspects of getting DNA from fossils. He has also been involved in television programmes on, among other subjects, the fate of the lost descendents of George III, the origins of the Lemba, a tribe in South Africa that claims Jewish ancestry, and the genetic differences between humans and chimpanzees. He was interviewed on the following TV programmes in 2007:
* James May's 20th Century Body Fantastic on BBC2
* Horizon - Chimps are Human Too on BBC2
* 100% English on Channel 4
* Royal Roots on Sky 1
In addition to being consulted regularly on radio and TV, a number of Mark’s own studies have attracted media attention. These studies include: showing that Early Europeans could not drink milk, that milk drinking started in Central Europe, and that we still cannot explain why many people in the world can drink milk; providing evidence that early Anglo-Saxon England was an apartheid-like society; showing that Europe's first farmers replaced their Stone Age hunter-gatherer forerunners; showing that the extinct giant Irish elk was the closest relative is the living fallow deer; and showing that population density and migration were critical factors in the emergence of modern human behaviour (the latter study was also covered in The Economist).
Mark teaches molecular and evolutionary genetics to second year, third year and masters students in GEE as well as in the medical school and the departments Archaeology and Anthropology. Mark's research encompasses human genetics, genetic studies of human population movements, studies of ancient DNA, and cultural evolution.
Also visit: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/mace-lab/publicity
Page last modified on 12 apr 13 15:38