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UCL European Institute
In their relationship to Europe, both Britain and Romania are situated at the continent’s edge, but that is where any list of comparisons between the two countries usually ends. Certainly, both countries are members of the European Union, but their respective responses to the European Union differ markedly. Polls conducted by Eurobarometer consistently put Romanians among the most enthusiastic supporters of the European Union, and the British (along with the Greeks) among the least. But what are the historical roots of Romanian and British attitudes towards Europe and the European idea?
27 July 2015
Prof. Martyn Rady More...
Starts: Jul 27, 2015 12:00:00 AM
Young people in the UK today who are attracted to extremism are typically well educated. Given the weaknesses of this ideology in terms of its use of history, internal coherence of arguments and moral standards, its success with many educated young people requires explanation. The explanation, according to Dr. Farid, is multifaceted but education has a big role to play in curbing the trend.
2 June 2015
Dr. Farid Panjwani More...
Starts: Jun 2, 2015 12:00:00 AM
Christopher Bickerton, lecturer in Politics at the University of Cambridge, discusses how how the impending EU referendum in the UK necessitates open and unbiased academic debate, and how British discussions of EU reform may reverberate across the European continent.
15 May 2015
Dr. Christopher Bickerton More...
Starts: May 15, 2015 12:00:00 AM
Recent research projects
Browse the below for some selected examples of some of Research Grants awarded to UCL faculty in the past years. While far from complete, these will give you an insight into the breadth and scope of UCL's expertise in the field of European Studies broadly conceived.
How did the large and cultural powerful countries Britain, France, and Germany influence public debates in smaller countries like the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg?
Cultural historians and digital humanists at UCL and the universities of Utrecht and Trier will address this question in the new research project Asymmetrical Encounters: E-Humanity Approaches to Reference Cultures in Europe, 1815–1992, for which they have been awarded a grant of €1 million by HERA (Humanities in the European Research Area). In the UK, Ulrich Tiedau (UCL Dutch/Digital Humanities) will be the Principal Investigator.
Summary: This project proposes, firstly, that the emergence of trans-national reference cultures was one of the most significant consequences of cultural encounters within the European framework between 1815 and 1992, and, secondly, that these encounters were asymmetrical. In this project, we investigates how these reference cultures, defined as spatially and temporally identifiable cultures that offer a model to other cultures, have been established in public debates. The availability of large digital data collections enables us for the first time to study long-term developments and transformations of such cultural imaginaries in a systematic, longitudinal, and quantifiable way. This allows us to chart the regional and national public discourses in which collective frames of orientation and cultural cross-referencing to European "others" have been established. The project thus explores how public discourses about reference cultures contributed to the formation of communities, from local to trans-national, and thus foster adherence or resistance to particular versions of “Europe”
With this project, we strive to accomplish three related objectives: a. explore the concept of reference cultures as a way to understand asymmetrical cultural encounters within Europe; b. develop a digital humanities demonstrator to map and analyse the vectors of asymmetrical encounters in European public debates; and c. build an interdisciplinary consortium of three European research centres around the crosscultural study of printed media in Europe by means of multilingual text mining.
For this project, we use the innovative digital humanities methodology of multi-lingual text mining to map the dynamics, intensity, and direction of intercultural references within European public discourse. Innovative semantic-text analytics will be applied to large corpora of digitized newspapers in the Benelux countries and the surrounding countries that served as reference cultures. The demonstrator will be applied to case studies in which regional, national, and European dimensions of cultural encounters are visible, such as references to European urban centres, mass media, and consumer products.
Dr Christine Reh (UCL Political Science) has been awarded with Prof Adrienne Héritier (EUI) an ESRC Research Grant to examine the widespread trend in EU politics to shift legislative decision-making from public inclusive to restricted secluded arenas. The resulting “informalisation” of the political process is particularly prominent in the EU’s co-decision procedure, where a growing proportion of legislative acts is pre-agreed informally between the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers - and subsequently adopted at first reading. While co-decision was introduced to make EU decision-making more inclusive, accountable and transparent, this procedure has instead increased seclusion from the electorate and from rank-and-file parliamentarians. Against this backdrop, the project seeks to examine to what extent and how informal politics are conducted, what the reasons for “fast-tracking” legislation are, and what the democratic consequences for EU decision-making are likely to be. Read more.
Dr Basak Çali (UCL Political Science) is PI of a three-year ESRC-funded project on the legitimacy and authority of supranational human rights courts. It analyses the perception of the European Court of Human Rights in five political and legal contexts: the UK, Turkey, Germany, Bulgaria and Ireland. Further research in Strasbourg, the home of the European human rights system, supports the country analyses. The project thus provides a comparative, cross-sectional analysis of how the Court’s rulings are interpreted and implemented in domestic settings. Its findings aim to contribute to a new understanding of the role of institutions beyond the state, examine how the legitimacy of supranational institutions is built in national politics and how this affects compliance with supranational human rights decisions. Read more.
Prof David Coen (UCL Political Science) has been awarded with Prof Adrienne Héritier (EUI) an FP7 grant on “Managing Regulation - Politics, Economics and Global Governance: The European Dimensions”. The project analyses EU regulatory shopping of network companies in Telecommunications, Gas, Electric, Airline, and Rail. The study will map regulatory activity through a large survey of firms and in depth interviews with Regulatory Affairs directors and National and European Regulators. It builds on their successful 2005 book” Redefining Regulation in the EU”.
Sintropher is a five-year research project with the aim of enhancing local and regional transport provision to, from and within five peripheral regions in North-West Europe. The emphasis is on sustainable, cost-effective solutions which make best use of existing transport infrastructure by applying innovative technologies. A key feature of the project is transnational cooperation. By working together, each region has the opportunity to benefit from knowledge transfer, joint problem-solving on economic and technological issues, exchange of experience, pilot projects and demonstration projects, and capitalising on best practice across the EU. Read more.
Professor Slavo Radosevic (SSEES) is working on the FP7 project “Innovation and Knowledge-Based Entrepreneurship as Links Between Knowledge, Economic Growth and Social Well-Being (AEGIS)”, in which UCL is one of the main partners. The project explores the relationships between knowledge-intensive entrepreneurship, innovation and economic growth in the EU from a comparative perspective. A core aim of the project is to translate the analytical findings into diagnostic tools for country and sector specific assessments and into concrete and operational policy recommendations by taking into account the idiosyncrasies of different national/regional/sectoral systems of innovation within EU countries.
Dr Wendy Bracewell (SSEES) currently holds a Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship that examines east European travel writing on Europe from the late 18th to the 21st century. Exploring the symbolic geographies of Europe developed in eastern Europe, the project also shows the uses to which these were put. Travel writing has served as one of the instruments by which east Europeans have imagined their place in Europe for both domestic and international readerships. But the genre does not just record perceptions of Europe - it was one of the main means by which east Europeans actively created images and discourses of Europe, used these to locate themselves and their societies, and attempted to mobilize support for social and political agendas. Reading travel accounts thus helps us understand not only what ‘being European’ has meant for eastern Europe, but also shows how Europe’s peripheries contributed to the processes of European self-invention.
Professor Mary Fulbrook (UCL German) has been awarded a 44-month AHRC Research Grant including two PhD studentships for a collaborative research project entitled “Reverberations of War: Communities of Experience and Identification in Germany and Europe since 1945". The project analyses reverberations of the Second World War across Europe through the Cold War and beyond, shedding new light on the complex legacies of war for generations of Europeans, and, through coordinated in-depth studies, developing a new theoretical approach. The project takes a broad European focus, going beyond the writing of parallel national histories by looking at the experience of war-related violence as a phenomenon transcending the (changing) borders of European states. It thus develops a deeper understanding of national discourses and specificities as well as discerning the European dimensions and relatedness of the various experiences and discourses.
Professor Stephen Shennan (UCL Archaeology) has recently been awarded an ERC Advanced Investigator Grant on how the study of cultural evolution can help explain patterns of stability and change in Neolithic Europe. A novel and high-profile interdisciplinary field, cultural evolutionary theory and method will here for the first time be integrated and applied to a large-scale case-study in pre-history, in order to examine the links between demographic, economic, social and cultural patterns and processes. In so doing, the project aims to provide the basis for a new account of the role of farming in transforming early European farming societies, c.6000-2000 calBC, focussing on the western half of Europe. The project will provide important new insights into the history of European society and give a significant impetus to re-orienting the disciplinary field of archaeology, making it part of the broader inter-disciplinary endeavour of evolutionary social science. Read more.
Professor Mark McCarthy (UCL Population Health) is the coordinator and international contact for STEPS, a project to promote engagement of civil society organisations in public-health research, and improve quality of life for Europe’s citizens. This collaborative study, undertaken with financial support from the European Commission’s Science in Society programme, organises national workshops to bring civil society organisations in the public-health field into dialogue with researchers, institutes and national ministries. A particular focus falls on the EU’s new member states. A European conference will share this learning across European civil society organisations, and provide materials for further agenda-setting and international dissemination. STEPS will also contribute to structuring priorities for public-health research in member states and the Seventh Framework Research Programme, and to developing the European Research Area. Read more.