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Dean Spielmann, President of the European Court of Human Rights since September 2012, has served as a Judge in the Court for over a decade. In a recent interview with the UCL Law Society’s Silk v. Brief, highlights of which are condensed in the blog post below, he discusses the evolving role of human rights in Europe, and explores the complicated relationship between the UK and the European Convention on Human Rights.
23 March 2015 More...
Starts: Mar 23, 2015 12:00:00 AM
Philippe Sands, Professor of Law at UCL and practising barrister in international law, and Helena Kennedy, a leading barrister and academic in human rights law, civil liberties and constitutional issues, were members of the 2011 Commission on a Bill of Rights. In highlights from a recent article in the London Review of Books, they discuss how human rights intersect with politics, examine the UK’s strained relationship with the European Convention on Human Rights, and question the possible motivations lying behind the proposed Bill.
Prof. Philippe Sands
1 April 2015 More...
Starts: Apr 1, 2015 12:00:00 AM
With the Eurozone crisis not yet over, Albert Weale, Professor of Political Theory and Public Policy at UCL, reviews the Hertie Governance Report 2015 as it analyses the key issues facing the European Institutions in terms of economic governance. As ad hoc solutions are found to deal with urgent matters, what does this mean for political accountability and reform in the EU, and what lessons have been learnt?
Prof. Albert Weale
14 April 2015 More...
Starts: Apr 14, 2015 12:00:00 AM
Annual Sakharov Debate: Dissent Today as the Art of the Impossible
Publication date: Nov 01, 2012 03:45 PM
Nov 01, 2012 05:00 PM
End: Dec 06, 2012 07:00 PM
6 December 2012
6 Dec 2012, 17.30-19.00pm
Admission strictly by registration only. For RSVP details see below.
Each December since its inception in 1988, the European Parliament has awarded the prestigious "Sakharov Prize" to people and organisations playing a crucial role in defence of human rights and freedom of speech around the world. The Prize is named after the Russian scientist and political dissident Andrei Sakharov and has honoured men, women and organisations – Nelson Mandela, Aung San Suu Kyi, Hu Jia, and the Belarusian Association of Journalists, for example – who have dedicated themselves to the defence of human rights and freedom of thought.
Each year the announcement of the recipient provides the opportunity for a public discussion, organized by the European Parliament’s office in London in conjunction with University College London. This year, one year on from the death of Václav Havel, and in the light of a contemporary reinvention of dissident practice in the Arab Spring, the Occupy Movement, Charter 08 in China, and the neo-dissidence of Pussy Riot and others in Russia, we have formulated topics for discussion that pick up on themes from Havel: dissent as the ‘art of the impossible’ and as a point of intersection between politics and aesthetics.
Since 2011 onwards, the European Parliament Office in the UK, in cooperation with the UCL European Institute and other key stakeholders, hold an annual public debate to explore current developments on Human Rights in Europe.
2012 Sakharov Debate: Dissent Today and the Art of the Impossible
Tim Beasley-Murray, European Thought & Culture, UCL
Peter Zusi, Czech & Slovak Studies, UCL
What is the difference between dissent and political opposition? In normal political life it is possible to object to the way things are done and to propose alternative answers to the questions of politics. In this case, one is in opposition. Such opposition, however, is not dissent. Dissent is the far more radical refusal to accept that the questions that politics raises are the only ones that can be asked. Bismarck, ever the political realist, is said to have called politics the art of the possible. In a playful yet serious twist on this, Havel defined dissent as the art of the impossible.
What is dissent today? In some parts of the world, dissent follows similar patterns to dissent in pre-1990s Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union: dissent struggles for basic human rights and freedoms that authoritarian regimes deny. Here, speaking freely can result in a violent response from authority. This ‘classical’ form of dissent makes the apparently impossible demand for what in Western democracies appears normal: a politics of which opposition is a structural part.
But in places where these rights and freedoms have already been won, and where political opposition is an unquestioned part of political life, can dissent exist? In Europe, the problem is not the right to speak freely but rather that the gesture of listening often masks the indifference of those in power. Given this feature of Europe’s purported ‘democratic deficit’, can we regard the violence of anti-austerity protests in Spain and Greece or even the 2011 London riots as forms of dissent? Where does dissent stand in relation to the notion of civil disobedience?
Western democracies might also learn from the most radical conclusion of ‘classical’ dissent: full freedom of thought means freedom to think the apparently unthinkable. Slavoj Žižek has claimed it is easier to imagine the end of the world than the end of capitalism—can challenging the conviction that liberal democracy and the free market are the only means to regulate political and social affairs be understood meaningfully as ‘dissent’?
This notion of dissent as radical imagination makes it clear why artists – from Shelley, via Havel, to Ai Wei Wei – are often in the vanguard of political dissent. Artistic activity has many facets: it can be a transgressive telling of the truth, a talking back to power; it can hold out a promesse de bonheur. It can be an image-factory for weapons in a political battle that, today, in the age of digital reproducibility, is fought above all with images. It can be a mode in which everyday life is lived just a little bit differently. Above all, art itself can become the art of the impossible.
|17:30||Welcome by the European Parliament|
|17:35||Panel Discussion: Dissent in politics as the "art of the impossible"|
|Panel of experts|
Rev Giles Fraser
|Tom Moriarty (Occupy)|
|Edward McMillan-Scott (Vice-President, European Parliament)|
|Alena Ledeneva (UCL)|
|HE Michael Žantovský (Czech Republic Ambassador)|
|Moderator: Tim Beasley-Murray & Peter Zusi (UCL)|
|18:50||Concluding remarks by Tim Beasley-Murray|
Be a part of the debate on twitter #SakharovDebate
We welcome questions, comments and active participation before, during & after the debate.
RSVP | Please email Agnieszka.PIELA@ext.ec.europa.eu
In cooperation with:
With the support of the Lifelong Learning Programme of the European Union.