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UCL European Institute

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The Dilemmas of European Decision-making and the Illegitimacy of the Fiscal Compact

Publication date:

Start: Feb 26, 2014 12:00:00 AM

EU decision-making assumes agreement at two levels: the national and the European. The dilemma highlighted by the crisis is how to make collective EU decisions acceptable not just to the 28 governments and MEPs but also to each of the peoples they represent. This problem cannot be resolved by either taking problematic decisions out of the political domain or confining them to decision-making purely at the EU level.
Prof Richard Bellamy
February 2014

From Sick Man of Europe to Economic Superstar

Publication date:

Start: Feb 5, 2014 12:00:00 AM

New research suggests that economic policy played no essential role in the dramatic resurgence of Germany’s economy, with important lessons for Europe.
Prof Christian Dustmann et.al.
February 2014

Horizon 2020 Launches! What Can We Expect?

Publication date:

Start: Jan 7, 2014 12:00:00 AM

H2020

After many months of plans, news and social media chatter, the EU’s new “Horizon 2020” programme for investing €70 billion* in science and innovation from 2014-2020, has launched. The first calls are now online and UCL plans to be at the forefront of participation.
Dr Michael Galsworthy
January 2014

"This time it's different" – The Impact of the European Election

Publication date:

Start: Dec 19, 2013 12:00:00 AM

"This time it's different", according to the European Parliament information campaign about the 2014 European Elections.  Posters and videos are urging citizens to "Act. React. Impact." But what has actually changed since 2009?
Fional Hall, Liberal Democrat MEP for the North East of England
December 2013

Learning from China

Publication date:

Start: Dec 16, 2013 12:00:00 AM

What have we to learn from China and how they perceive us?
A recent visit proved to be an eye-opener.
Dr Daniel Siemens
December 2013

Lord Sumption's attack on Strasbourg: More than Political Rhetoric?

Publication date:

Start: Dec 6, 2013 12:00:00 AM

We all agree that judges, in promoting the values of democracy and human rights, must not usurp the functions of parliament. But Lord Sumption’s attack on the Strasbourg Court was based on question-begging arguments that failed to address the substance of the issues involved.
Dr George Letsas
December 2013

Promoting LGBT rights at home and abroad: the role of the EU

Publication date:

Start: Dec 6, 2013 12:00:00 AM

LGBT

While Europe has emerged as a world-leader in terms of the protection of LGBT rights, standards differ markedly from one EU Member State to another. As the EU still has much to do to promote LGBT rights internally, how can it effectively criticise states beyond its borders?
Dr Richard Mole
December 2013

Ukraine's protests gather pace

Publication date:

Start: Dec 3, 2013 12:00:00 AM

As protests in Kiev are about to enter their third week, the ruling party is losing key members and morale. So what happens next?
Dr Andrew Wilson
December 2013

The Fiscal Effects of Immigration to the UK

Publication date:

Start: Nov 27, 2013 12:00:00 AM

Recent EEA immigrants to the UK have have made a net fiscal contribution of about £22.1 billion between 2001 and 2011.
Prof Christian Dustmann
and Dr Tommaso Frattini
November 2013

To think what we are doing. Arendt at 107

Publication date:

Start: Nov 12, 2013 12:00:00 AM

Arendt

In today’s paradoxical times of Occupy and voter apathy, of ‘big society’ versus the ‘fifth estate’, Hannah Arendt's work on political action is all but out of date.
Dr Uta Staiger
November 2013

Britain and Europe: Disentangling the referendum knot

Publication date:

Start: Oct 21, 2013 12:00:00 AM

It is highly questionable whether the referendum “lock” provisions of the European Union Act 2011 put the UK in anything like pole position when it comes to reforming the EU.
Prof Piet Eeckhout
October 2013

Should we trust the Danes? The World Happiness Report 2013

Publication date:

Start: Oct 18, 2013 12:00:00 AM

mermaid

Time and again, economic success falls short as the sole indicator of happiness, especially when personal success is valued at the expense of social meaning.
Dr Jakob Stougaard-Nielsen and Professor A. David Napier
October 2013

No experiments? The German Federal Elections 2013

Publication date:

Start: Sep 23, 2013 12:00:00 AM

Daniel Siemens

Everyone in Germany expected Angela Merkel’s CDU/CSU to win a solid majority in this year’s elections. However, the results came as a surprise for many, in several ways.
Dr Daniel Siemens
September 2013

An inconvenient challenge for Bulgarian Civil Society

Publication date:

Start: Aug 1, 2013 12:00:00 AM

Every day since mid June, protesters have sought the resignation of the still young government of Plamen Oresharski comprised of the Bulgarian Socialist Party and the Turkish-minority-dominated Movement for Rights and Freedoms.
James Dawson
August 2013

The long march of the European Parliament continues

Publication date:

Start: Oct 2, 2013 12:00:00 AM

As long as there are arguments about what the EU is there to do and what it should become, there will also be dispute about what its institutions should look like.
Professor Michael Shackleton
October 2013

Croatia’s long overdue EU accession

Publication date:

Start: Jul 3, 2013 12:00:00 AM

B Aleksov

Dr Bojan Aleksov
July 2013

If there is one significant thing worth contemplating with regard to Croatia’s accession to the European Union on the first of July this year, then it must be that it was long overdue. Compared with other former Socialist states in the Warsaw Pact, Yugoslavia, of which Croatia was a part, was much better suited to join the Union once politically and economically transformed.

Protests, Rights and Democracy in Turkey

Publication date:

Start: Jun 1, 2013 12:00:00 AM

Basak Cali

Dr Başak Çalı
June 2013

Like millions inside and outside of Turkey, I spent the last three days and nights glued to my phone switching between my Facebook and Twitter accounts. Whilst local news channels showed a beauty contest, a couple of cooking shows and perhaps ironically a bunch of penguins, hundreds and thousands of people took to streets all over the country.

How Europe shapes British Public Policy

Publication date:

Start: May 7, 2013 12:00:00 AM

J Morphet

Prof Janice Morphet
May 2013

Much of the public and media discourse on the influence of the EU on the UK is focussed on regulations at the point of implementation This is frequently accompanied with the implied underlying narrative that these regulations have somehow been ‘imposed’, have arrived without any previous discussion and that the UK has taken no part in their passage through the process. The UK is frequently characterised as a ‘victim’ with no control or influence over the direction of policy or its detail.

The Talk of Temporary Withdrawal from the ECtHR

Publication date:

Start: Mar 3, 2013 12:00:00 AM

Basak Cali

Dr Başak Çali
April 2013

The British government has made headlines with its statements that it's considering every option to deport Abu Qatada - including the temporary withdrawal from the ECtHR, Channel 4 News. Legally speaking, however, there is no such thing. It is not within the provisions of the European Convention on Human Rights.  The two provisions that concern opting out from the Convention are Articles 15 and 58 and these are far from applicable in this case.

Former Enemies in Historic Agreement?

Publication date:

Start: Mar 3, 2013 12:00:00 AM

B Aleksov

Dr Bojan Aleksov
April 2013

It is too early to tell whether the recently signed agreement between Serbia and Kosovo is indeed as historic as advertised by the European Union negotiators, most notably Catherine Ashton. Many a deal brokered in last 25 years between warring parties in what used to be Yugoslavia faltered before ever given a chance to be implemented. It is perhaps a twist of irony that its co-signatories for long contributed to if not created the conflict they are now attempting to resolve.

Margaret Thatcher: A snapshot from Bruges

Publication date:

Start: Mar 2, 2013 12:00:00 AM

S. Wall

Sir Stephen Wall
April 2013

It is 21 September 1988 and, once again, that ‘bloody woman’ is being criticised and cursed in the chanceries of Europe. The ‘bloody woman’ in question was Margaret Thatcher and, on the previous day, she had made a speech in Bruges on the subject of Britain and Europe.

The European Capitals of Culture

Publication date:

Start: Feb 27, 2013 2:00:00 PM

Uta Staiger

Dr Uta Staiger
February 2013

Cultural action in the European Union may be a minor policy field: it enjoyed no formal Community competence until Maastricht, has received all but paltry budget provisions since, and plays little to no role in the key political debates of the day. Yet it is also an exceptionally contested one, linked as it is with suggestions of social governance and the encoding of collective identities. Regularly opposed by some member states wary of Community intervention in this traditionally national (or regional) policy field, its expansion has been described as symptomatic of the ‘EU’s will to power’ (Shore 2006).

Bulgarian PM’s resignation & Public Disorder in Europe

Publication date:

Start: Feb 20, 2013 12:00:00 AM

Eric Gordy

Dr Eric Gordy
February 2013

The main difference between public disorder in Bulgaria and everywhere else in Europe is that in Bulgaria the government responded. Although the immediate catalyst for protests was the state’s failure to control growth in the price of electricity, the core causes are shared in every European state: dissatisfaction resulting from the forced dismantling of social support services brought on by the European debt crisis, and a sense that policymakers are orienting their activity not to the needs of the public but to the service of large European banks.

EU, CSDP and Mali: an increasing French disappointment?

Publication date:

Start: Feb 19, 2013 12:00:00 AM

Nicola Chelotti

Dr Nicola Chelotti
February 2013

On the 17 January 2013 the Council of the European Union established a Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP) military training mission (EUTM Mali) to specifically train and re-organise the Malian Armed Forces, in order to contribute to the restoration of the country's territorial integrity.

Green Social Democracy

Publication date:

Start: Feb 12, 2013 9:00:00 AM

Michael Jacobs

Prof Michael Jacobs
February 2013

Despite its worthy motives, social market philosophy provides neither a useful analytical framework for understanding modern capitalism, nor the policy tools to address our present economic and social predicament.  The concept of ‘market failure’, with its underlying assumption of market equilibrium, does not capture the systemically adverse outcomes of collective market forces.  A more sophisticated understanding of capitalist economies, and the societies in which they exist, would recognise that the market economy is a dynamic but not self-regulating system.  It is embedded in, and impacts on, four other economies – of the natural environment, of family and care, of voluntary association, and of the public sector – which operate under different motivations and allocative principles.  The role of government is central, to balance the values created by different kinds of institutions and to constrain the dynamic impacts of market forces.  A number of policy conclusions are offered arising from this framework.

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