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ESPS7104 - Ideologies and Political Hegemony
Course value: 0.5 units
Convenor: Professor Philippe Marlière
Duration: One term (Term 2)
One two-hour seminar (Tues 11am - 1pm)
Assessment: 1 unseen two-hour written exam (70%), 1 assessed essay of 2,500 words (30%)
Available to: Final Years and Affiliates
This is a final year
option for students who are interested in political ideas and who wish
to understand how those ideas are born and shape political conducts, or
influence paradigmatic shifts in the domain of policy making.
This course starts from two basic propositions: firstly, the notion of a post-ideological society is a false one, and ideologies remain important to political action. Secondly, the traditional model of political ideologies, which saw them arranged on a map running from Left to Right, is no longer adequate as a framework for understanding politics today.
The discussion builds upon two concepts for understanding the paradigmatic changes in today’s world: ideological hegemony, and resistances to those dominant ideas which can take very different forms.
Why are certain ideologies effective in arousing political sympathy, and why do they lose their power? Why was Keynesianism abandoned in the 1970s? Why did Communism eventually lose its mobilising power in the 1980s? Why did nationalism help mobilise people in parts of Central Europe in the 1990s? Has the hegemony of Neoliberalism been undermined by the recent financial crisis in capitalist economies? Were the recent ‘revolutions’ in the Middle-East ideologically motivated?