Seasonal Arctic summer ice extent still hard to forecast.

A new study lead by Prof Julienne Stroeve says year-to-year forecasts of the Arctic’s summer ice extent are not yet reliable.

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GEOLGG17 Palaeoceanography


To introduce key principles of oceanography, the proxies used for palaeoceanography and the history and evolution of Cretaceous to Recent oceans, through case studies.


Knowledge of:

  • temperature and productivity of the oceans;
  • controls on biogenic sedimentation;
  • the development and history of oceanic circulation;
  • understanding of analytical techniques used to obtain that knowledge.


Ocean basin structure and marine sediments; General circulation of the oceans; wind driven and thermohaline circulation; Primary production, nutrients and the marine carbon cycle; Life in the oceans; Micropalaeontological and geochemical proxies for temperature, productivity, weathering and circulation; Pre-Cenozoic palaeoceanography, including 'oceanic anoxic events'; K/T boundary; Early Cenozoic warmth and hyperthermals; the transition from the Greenhouse to the Icehouse world,'; fluctuations in climate and ice volume in the Neogene; the glacial world.

Title Palaeoceanography
Coordinator Dr Stuart Robinson
Other Contributors Various
Normal Level  
Term 1
Credits 15
Written Exam 60%
Coursework 40%
Pre-Requisites None
Maths & Stats Content and Requirement  
Total Number of Hours of Student Work 188 hours
Hours of Lectures/Seminars 40 (4 hours per week) hours
Hours of Practicals/Problem Classes 20 hours
Hours of Tutorials As needed to do the essay and practical assignments
Days of Fieldwork 0
Other Occasional seminars by guest lecturers (Optional). Students also give 10-min oral presentations of their Essay topics

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