Research student wins Goldman Prize
16 May 2014
Dr Elena Calciolari has been awarded the H.M. Goldman Prize for clinical research at the XVIII National Congress of the Società Italiana di Parodontologia e Implantologia (SIdP).
Dr Calciolari is a PhD student at UCL Eastman Dental Institute, under the supervision of Professor Nikos Donos and Dr Nikos Mardas. She was awarded the 2014 H.M. Goldman Prize for her project entitled Panoramic morphometric indexes for detecting low bone mineral density. A systematic review and meta-analysis.
The prize is awarded annually by the SIdP (Italian Society of Periodontology and Implantology) for new research relating to clinical periodontics and implant therapy, with one prize awarded for basic/laboratory research and one for clinical research.
Dr Calciolari's project aimed to assess the accuracy of quantitative and qualitative panoramic indexes in detecting osteopenia and osteoporosis. Since the prevalence of osteoporosis is increasing and panoramic radiographs are frequent diagnostic procedures in dental practices, it would be of great clinical value if dentists could use them to screen for reduced skeletal bone density.
44 studies were included in the qualitative analysis and 19 of them in the meta-analysis. Although the included studies had evident limitations, mainly related to image quality, magnification of OPG and experience/agreement between operators, the meta-analysis suggested that three indexes are overall good tools to screen for reduced skeletal bone mineral density: Mandibular Cortical Width (MCW), Panoramic Mandibular Index (PMI) and Klemetti Index (KI). Indications about the best cut-offs to use for these indexes were also discussed in the review.
Italian readers can find out more about the project on the SIdP website.