The Project Volterra is an international (French -Italian-British) project whose aims are to promote the study of Roman law in its full social, political and legal context. Despite being an inherently 'national' phenomenon (the law pertaining to all those of Roman political status and their dependents), the Roman law itself became a transnational phenomenon in two distinct way and in two distinct phases. First, the persistence of Roman civil status in several of the successor kingdoms of the Roman west (Vandal Africa, Visigothic Spain, and Frankish Gaul) entailed a continuing life for Roman law beyond the confines of the surviving late Roman/Byzantine state and, as such, formed part of the legal culture of Europe's nascent nation states. Secondly, the rediscovery of the texts of the emperor Justinian's legal compilation by Italian scholars of the eleventh century led to the flowering of new law schools, most famously in Bologna. This academically revived Ius Civile formed the basis of the Ius Commune of later medieval Latin Christendom and Europe of the early modern period, ultimately influencing the Napoleon's Code civil (1804) and the German Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (1900) which form the model for the civil law of the majority of the modern states of Europe and many beyond.
The research team comprises Simon Corcoranm Michael Crawford (chairman), Magnus Ryan, and Benet Salway
See for further information:
Page last modified on 18 nov 11 15:49 by Sonja Van Praag
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