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Latest Biomedical Sciences News

Himalayan powerhouses: how Sherpas have evolved superhuman energy efficiency

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Everest

Sherpas have evolved to become superhuman mountain climbers, extremely efficient at producing the energy to power their bodies even when oxygen is scarce, suggests a new study led by University of Cambridge and UCL researchers, published today in the Proceedings of National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Four UCL scientists elected Fellows of the Royal Society

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Fellows of the Royal Society

Four UCL scientists have been elected as Fellows of the Royal Society in recognition of their outstanding contribution to science.

Three UCL SLMS researchers named as Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences

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AMSCI Fellows

Three UCL SLMS researchers have been elected to the prestigious Fellowship of the Academy of Medical Sciences. 

Tracking unstable chromosomes helps predict lung cancer’s return

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Blood sample

Scientists have found that unstable chromosomes within lung tumours increase the risk of cancer returning after surgery, and have used this new knowledge to detect relapse long before standard testing. These are the first findings from the Cancer Research UK-funded TRACERx lung cancer study, led by UCL researchers and published in the New England Journal of Medicine and Nature

Common antibiotic may help to prevent or treat PTSD

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Antibiotics

The common antibiotic doxycycline can disrupt the formation of negative associations in the brain, according to new research from UCL and the University of Zurich.

Winners announced for £2m programme to commercialise life sciences discoveries

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A cure for pancreatic cancer, virtual reality rehabilitation, data-driven robotic surgery, and futuristic wound-healing technology are just four of the 16 projects selected for MedCity’s ‘Collaborate to Innovate’ programme.

Embrace exhibition to help raise funds for new UCL Institute of Immunity and Transplantation

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Installation, suspended from the ceiling

Embrace, a new exhibition opened this week at the Saatchi Gallery. The show, by Aisha Cahn, a contemporary British artist, is inspired by the science of cells, and the narrative of her mother's experience with cancer. Despite cancer eventually taking her life, the way in which she and Aisha approached the terminal prognosis together, was one of positivity, achieved through advanced medical treatment, faith and spirituality.

MRI scans can help spot HIV in the brain

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MRI scanner

Scientists at UCL have developed a way to use MRI scans to help identify when HIV is persisting in the brain despite effective drug treatment.

'Brute force' can overcome antibiotic resistance

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Mechanism of action for oritavancin

Antibiotics can still kill drug-resistant bacteria if they 'push' hard enough into bacterial cells, finds new UCL-led research funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.

New non-invasive test to detect bladder cancer could spare patients cystoscopy

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Urine analysis

A new test for bladder cancer could enable GPs to test a urine sample and spare patients the discomfort of a cystoscopy in hospital, according to UCL research published today in Clinical Epigenetics.

Gene key for chemically reprogramming human stem cells

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Test tubes

Scientists have discovered the gene essential for chemically reprogramming human amniotic stem cells into a more versatile state similar to embryonic stem cells, in research led by UCL and Heinrich Heine University.

Study shows how HIV breaches macrophage defences, could be step towards cure

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HIV-infected macrophage

A team led by UCL researchers has identified how HIV is able to infect macrophages, a type of white blood cell integral to the immune system, despite the presence of a protective protein. They discovered a treatment that can maintain macrophage defences which could be a key part of the puzzle of reaching a complete cure for HIV/AIDS.

Delirium could accelerate dementia-related mental decline

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The Neuronal Forest

When hospitalised, people can become acutely confused and disorientated. This condition, known as delirium, affects a quarter of older patients and new research by UCL and University of Cambridge shows it may have long-lasting consequences, including accelerating the dementia process.

Gene discovery helps children with movement disorder walk again

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Brain

UCL researchers have discovered a new genetic cause for dystonia, a movement disorder, enabling treatment with Deep Brain Stimulation which has been so successful that children have been able to walk again.

Light therapy effectively treats early prostate cancer

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Professor Mark Emberton

A new non-surgical treatment for low-risk prostate cancer can effectively kill cancer cells while preserving healthy tissue, reports a new UCL-led phase III clinical trial in 413 patients. The trial was funded by STEBA Biotech which holds the commercial license for the treatment.

New £250m UK Dementia Research Institute to be led from UCL

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MRI scan showing brain changes in dementia

UCL has been selected as the 'hub' of the new £250m UK Dementia Research Institute (UK DRI), to be led by Professor Bart De Strooper, current leader of the Laboratory for the Research of Neurodegenerative Diseases at the University of Leuven and scientific director at VIB (Vlaams Instituut voor Biotechnologie) in Belgium.

Glaucoma drug may have potential to treat Alzheimer’s disease

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test tubes

A drug which is used to treat the common eye disease glaucoma may have potential as a treatment for Alzheimer’s disease, according to scientists at UCL.

Wellcome invests £24.1M in Research Centres at UCL

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Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging

Wellcome has today announced funding for two Wellcome Trust Centres at UCL. Wellcome Centres aim to advance our understanding of health and disease, and span fundamental and social sciences, clinical research and engineering.

Women with dementia receive less medical attention

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Woman in care home

Women with dementia have fewer visits to the GP, receive less health monitoring and take more potentially harmful medication than men with dementia, new UCL research reveals.

HIV patients showing signs of multidrug resistance in Africa

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Drugs including tenofovir

Significant numbers of patients whose HIV strains developed resistance to older generation drugs are also resistant to modern drugs, finds a new study led by UCL and funded by Wellcome.

UCL spin-outs at heart of new £1 billion life sciences investment group

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test-tubes_523x349.jpg

UCL spin-out companies will be at the heart of a new £1 billion life sciences company which has been created by three major investors in cancer research and other biotech fields. 

Pain sensors specialised for specific sensations

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UCL research mouse

Many pain-sensing nerves in the body are thought to respond to all types of ‘painful events’, but new UCL research in mice reveals that in fact most are specialised to respond to specific types such as heat, cold or mechanical pain.

Top ten universities conduct a third of all UK animal research

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UCL animal research facility

The ten UK universities who do the most world-leading biomedical research have announced their animal research statistics, revealing that they collectively conducted a third of all UK animal research in 2015.

“Some is good, more is better”: Regular exercise can cut your diabetes risk

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Cycling

Walking briskly or cycling for the recommended 150 minutes a week can reduce a person’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes by up to 26%, according to new research by UCL.

New research sheds light on role of HPV in head and neck cancers

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HPV

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) drives a greater number of head and neck cancers than previously thought, finds new research from UCL and the University of Southampton.

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