Centre for Law, Economics and Society (CLES)


24 April 2017, London
FinTech and the Law

25 April 2017, London
Multi-Sided Platforms: Business, Economics & Competition Policy

12 May 2017, Amsterdam
Economic Evidence in Competition Law and the Future of the “More Economic” Approach

6 June 2017, London
Competition Law in China: An Introduction

To view past events, please go to the events pages.


Contact Us

For general enquiries, please contact:

laws.research [at] ucl.ac.uk
+44 (0)20 3108 8484

For research project enquiries, please contact:

Professor Ioannis Lianos
+44 (0)20 3108 8346
i.lianos [at] ucl.ac.uk

Research Initiatives

The Centre’s objective is to research original topics relating to collective action (State or other), with important practical implications, from a trans-disciplinary perspective. The Centre takes a Mode 2 perspective on knowledge production. Indeed, current changes in scientific practice challenge the traditional conception of knowledge production as being located primarily in Universities, and structured by scientific disciplines (the so called Mode 1 of knowledge production).

Recent research has highlighted that scientific knowledge is increasingly the product of trans-disciplinary collaboration and takes place in a heterogeneous environment, where not only Universities, but also the public and the private sectors contribute to the research. Gibbons, Limoges, Nowotny, Schwartzman, Scott and Trow employed the term of Mode 2 knowledge to distinguish science produced in a “context of application”, according to a “dialogic process” that incorporates multiple societal interests and institutions, such as universities, research centres, corporations, consultancies, from Mode 1 of knowledge production (M. Gibbons, C. Limoges, H. Nowotny, S. Schwartzman, P. Scott, M. Trow, The New production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies (SAGE, 1994).)

For this reason, the organization of our activities is different than in traditional research centres.

Firstly, we choose our topics of our research in close collaboration with the world of practice (governments, International Organizations, law firms and economic consultancies, corporations, the civil society) and we integrate as much as possible the main actors from practice in our work.

Secondly, we have a flexible internal organization for each of these “research initiatives”, with specific teams from the Centre and/or practice working together, independently from the other projects of the Centre, to accomplish their research outcomes.

Thirdly, this flexible internal organization makes it possible to be reactive to proposals coming from the world of practice on issues that are of interest to them, so that our theoretical and empirical research is always relevant and practically useful. To date the Centre has initiated the following research initiatives:

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