Energy & CO2
Ensuring the supply of secure, clean and sustainable energy is one of the greatest scientific and technical challenges facing humanity. Chemical engineering has a central role in tackling the global energy challenge by continuing to improve the efficiency of extraction, processing and use of conventional hydrocarbon-based fuels, as well as developing alternative and renewable energy technologies. In order to meet the targets for energy efficiency and CO2 emissions, the development and deployment of low-carbon technologies must be accelerated, with particular emphasis given to those that have the potential to realize ‘step-change’ performance. The Department’s extensive energy and low-carbon research programme spans many technology, process and application areas. In order for this work to have the greatest possible impact, we strive to advance promising technologies to deployment and commercialization levels.
The Department hosts leading experts in the fields of energy and low-carbon chemical processing. Our work in these areas is highly multi- and inter-disciplinary and we collaborate extensively with industry and other leading academic groups. We have particularly strong expertise and capabilities in the areas of:
• Energy systems safety engineering (e.g. CO2 pipeline rupture and safety)
• Low carbon processes (e.g. more efficient routes to cement manufacture)
• Energy systems design and optimization
• Waste to energy technology
• Electrochemical energy conversion and storage (e.g. fuel cells and batteries)
• Low carbon energy technologies (e.g. biomass gasification using fluidized bed technologies)
• Spent nuclear fuel reprocessing technologies for separations (e.g. molten salts, extractions using ionic liquids)
• Photo-catalytic processes for hydrogen production, reduction of CO2 to fuel and biomass conversion.