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What is citation?
is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from
another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find
that source again, including:
- Information about the author
- The title of the work
- The name and location of the company that published your copy of the source
- The date your copy was published
- The page numbers of the material you are borrowing
Why should I cite sources?
Giving credit to the original
author by citing sources is the only way to use other people’s work without
plagiarising. In addition:
- Citations are helpful to anyone who wants to find out more about your ideas and where they came from
- Citing sources shows the amount of research you’ve done
- Citing sources strengthens your work by lending outside support to your ideas.
When do I need to cite?
Whenever you borrow words or ideas, you need to acknowledge their source. The following situations almost always require citation:
- Whenever you use quotations
- Whenever you paraphrase
- Whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed
- Whenever you make specific reference to the work of another
- Whenever someone else’s work has been critical in developing your own ideas.