Professor Susan Evans

Professor Susan Evans

Susan Evans is Professor of Vertebrate Morphology and Palaeontology. She has authored, or co-authored, more than 100 peer-reviewed papers and book chapters, and around the same number of other contributions.

She is a Fellow of the Linnean Society and a Scientific Fellow of the Zoological Society.

s.e.evans@ucl.ac.uk

Tel: +44 (0)20 7679 9966
(Int: 39966)

Research Lab Pages

My research focuses on the evolution of key morphological features in reptiles and amphibians, and the possible consequences of these innovations in terms of the temporal and geographical diversification of the groups in question, e.g. the role of skull kinesis in lizard evolution or of locomotor strategy in frogs. Our approach uses a combination of comparative anatomy, functional morphology, palaeontology, phylogenetic analysis and development to form an integrated perspective on morphological evolution through time.

Most major advances in vertebrate palaeontology begin with new specimens showing novel combinations of characters. In addition to projects in the UK, I am involved in a network of international collaborations in Europe, Asia and North America, mostly focusing on localities ranging in age from 250 to 65 million years which have yielded some of the oldest representatives of key tetrapod lineages (e.g. frogs, lizards, salamanders) and/or ecomorphotypes (e.g. gliding, limb loss, herbivory, proto-saltation). However, extinct taxa must be fitted into a phylogenetic framework and their modern relatives studied for comparative data. With colleagues at the universities of Hull and York, we are involved in a BBSRC funded project using new computer modelling techniques to understand the relationship between reptilian skull architecture and feeding behaviour, and we plan to extend this to other groups.

In recent years our research has been supported by the Royal Society, The Leverhulme Trust, the National Geographic Society, and the BBSRC.

Profile
1971-1974
BSc Zoology, University of London (Bedford College)
1974-1977 Ph.D Vertebrate Palaeontology (UCL)
1979-1980 Postgraduate Certificate in Biology Education (University of London Institute of Education)
1980 Assistant Professor in Biology, University College Bahrain.
1984 Lecturer in Anatomy, Middlesex Hospital Medical School
1992 Senior Lecturer in Anatomy, UCL
1997 Reader in Comparative Anatomy, UCL
2003 Professor of Vertebrate Morphology and Palaeontology, UCL


Recent and current non-UCL collaborators: 

Mike Fagan (University of Hull, UK), Paul O'Higgins (Hull and York Medical School, UK), Yuan Wang (IVPP, Beijing, China), Angela Buscalioni (Facultad Ciencias Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Spain), Jin-You Mo (China University of Geosciences, Hubei, China), María Esther Martín González (Museo de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Spain), GVR Prasad (University of Delhi, Delihi, India), Magdalena Borsuk−Białynicka (Institute of Palaeontology, Warsaw, Poland), Makoto Manabe (National Science Museum, Tokyo, Japan), Ryoko Matsumoto (Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History, Japan), Eraqi Khannoon (Fayoum University, Egypt), Marc EH Jones (University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia), Joseph Sertich (Denver Museum of Natural History, Denver, Colorado), Jin-Young Park (Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea).



Selected publications


Peer reviewed journal articles

  • Evans SE. 1980. The skull of a new eosuchian reptile from the Lower Jurassic of South Wales. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 70: 203–264. DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.1980.tb00852.x
  • Evans SE. 1981. The postcranial skeleton of the Lower Jurassic eosuchian Gephyrosaurus bridensis. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 73:81–116. DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.1981.tb01580.x
  • Evans SE. 1981. Caudal autonomy in a lower Jurassic Eosuchian. Copeia 1981: 883–884.
  • Evans SE 1982. Gliding reptiles of the Upper Permian. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 76: 97–123. DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.1982.tb01496.x
  • Evans SE. 1983. Madibular fracture and inferred behaviour of a fossil reptile. Copeia 1983: 845–847. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1444363
  • Evans SE. 1984. The classification of the Lepidosauria. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 82: 87–100. DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.1984.tb00537.x
  • Evans SE. 1985. Tooth replacement in the Lower Jurassic lepidosaur Gephyrosaurus bridensis. Neues Jahrbuch fuir Geologie und Paliontologie, Monatshefte 7:411–420
  • Evans SE, Milner AR, Musett F. 1988. The earliest known salamanders (Amphibia, Caudata): a record from the Middle Jurassic of England. Geobios 21: 539–552. DOI: 10.1016/S0016-6995(88)80069-X
  • Evans SE 1990. The skull of Cteniogenys, a choristodere from the Middle Jurassic of Oxfordshire. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 99: 205–237.
  • Evans SE, Milner AR, Musett F 1990. A discoglossid frog (Amphibia: Anura) from the Middle Jurassic of England. Palaeontology 33: 299–311.
  • Evans SE. 1991. The postcranial skeleton of the choristodere cteniogenys (Reptilia: Diapsida) from the Middle Jurassic of England. Geobios 24: 187–199. DOI: 10.1016/S0016-6995(91)80006-L
  • Evans SE, Milner AR 1993. Frogs and salamanders from the late Jurassic Morrison Formation (Quarry 9, Como Bluff) of North America. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 13: 24–30. JSTOR Weblink
  • Evans SE 1994. A new anguimorph lizard from the Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous of England. Palaeontology 37: 33–49
  • McGowan G, Evans SE 1995. Albanerpetontid amphibians from the early Cretaceous of Spain. Nature 373: 143–145. DOI: 10.1038/373143a0
  • Evans SE, Milner AR, Werner C. 1996. Sirenid salamanders and a gymnophionan amphibian from the Cretaceous of the Sudan. Palaeontology 39:77–95.
  • Evans SE, Milner AR 1996. A metamorphosed salamander from the early Cretaceous of Las Hoyas, Spain. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 351: 627–646. Web link
  • Evans SE, Barbadillo J 1997. Early Cretaceous lizards from Las Hoyas, Cuenca, Spain. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 119: 1–27.
  • Evans SE, Chure D 1998. Paramacellodid lizard skulls from the Jurassic Morrison Formation at Dinosaur National Monument, Utah. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 18: 99–114.
  • Evans SE, Barbadillo LJ 1998. An unusual lizard (Reptilia, Squamata) from the Early Cretaceous of Las Hoyas, Spain. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 124: 235-266.
  • Evans SE, Borsuk-Bialynicka M. 1998. A stem-frog from the Early Triassic of Poland. Acta Paleontologia Polonica 43: 573-580. Weblink
  • Barahona F, Evans SE, Mateo J, Lopez-Jurado L-P. 2000. Endemism, gigantism and extinction in island lizards: the genus Gallotia on the Canary Islands. Journal of Zoology 250: 373–388.
  • Evans SE, Prasad GVR, Manhas BK. 2001. Rhynchocephalians (Diapsida: Lepidosauria) from the Jurassic Kota Formation of India. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 133(3): 309-334. DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2001.tb00629.x
  • Evans SE, Sigogneau-Russell D 2001. A stem-group caecilian (Amphibia: Lissamphibia) from the Lower Cretaceous of Morocco. Palaeontology 44: 259–273. DOI: 10.1111/1475-4983.00179
  • Borsuk-Bialynicka M, Evans SE. 2002. The scapulocoracoid of an Early Triassic stem-frog from Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 47 (1): 79–96.
  • Evans SE, Prasad GVR, Manhas BK. 2002. An acrodont iguanian from the Mesozoic Kota Formation of India. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22: 299–312. DOI: 10.1671/0272-4634(2002)022[0299:FLFTJK]2.0.CO;2
  • Jones MEH, Evans SE, Sigogneau-Russell D. 2003. Cretaceous frogs from Morocco. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 72: 65–97.
  • Krause D, Evans SE, Gao K 2003. First definitive record of a Mesozoic lizard from Madagascar. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23: 842–856. DOI: 10.1671/9
  • Evans SE, Klembara J 2005. A choristoderan reptile (Reptilia; Diapsida) from the Lower Miocene of northwest Bohemia (Czech Republic). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 25: 168–-181. DOI: 10.1671/0272-4634(2005)025[0171:ACRRDF]2.0.CO;2
  • Evans SE, Lally C, Chure D, Elder A, Maisano J 2005. A new fully metamorphosed salamander from the Late Jurassic of North America. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 143: 599–616. Web link Digimorph page
  • Evans SE, Wang Y 2005. Dalinghosaurus, a lizard from the Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota of northeast China. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 50: 725–742.
  • Evans SE, Wang Y, Li C 2005. The Early Cretaceous Chinese lizard, Yabeinosaurus: resolving an enigma. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 3: 319–335.
  • Wang Y, Evans SE 2006. A new short-bodied salamander from the Early Cretaceous of Liaoning, China Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 51: 127–130. http://app.pan.pl/issue.html?issue=37
  • Evans SE, Manabe M, Noro M, Isaji S, Yamaguchi M. 2006. A long-bodied aquatic varanoid lizard from the Early Cretaceous of Japan. Palaeontology 49: 1143–1165. DOI:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2006.00598.x
  • Evans SE, Wang Y. 2007. A juvenile lizard specimen with well-preserved skin impressions from the Upper Jurassic/Lower Cretaceous of Daohugou, Inner Mongolia, China. Naturwissenschaften 94(6): 431–439. DOI: 10.1007/s00114-006-0214-y
  • Curtis N, Kupczik K, Fagan MJ, Evans SE. 2007. Finite element modelling of the cat skull. Journal of Morphology 268: 1063. Link
  • Wang Y, Jones MEH, Evans SE. 2007. A juvenile frog from the Lower Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation Liaoning, China. Cretaceous Research 28: 235–244. DOI: 10.1016/j.cretres.2006.07.003 Appendix [pdf: 26kb]
  • Evans SE, Wang Y, Jones M. 2007. An aggregation of lizard skeletons from the Lower Cretaceous of China. Senckenberg Lethaea 87: 147–156.
  • Evans SE, Jones MEH, Krause DW. 2008. A giant frog with South American affinities from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, PNAS 105: 2951–2956. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0707599105
  • Evans SE, Manabe M. 2008. An early herbivorous lizard from the lower Cretaceous of Japan. Palaeontology. 51(2): 487–498 DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2008.00759.x
  • Moazen M, Curtis N, Evans SE, O’Higgins P, Fagan M. 2008. Rigid-body analysis of a lizard skull: Modelling the skull of Uromastyx hardwickii. Journal of Biomechanics 41(6): 1274–1280 DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.01.012 0
  • Buscalioni AD, Fregenal MA, Bravo A, Poyato-Ariza FJ, Sanchiíz B, Báez AM, Cambra Moo O, Martiín Closas C, Evans SE, Marugán Lobón J. 2008. The vertebrate assemblage of Buenache de la Sierra (Upper Barremian of Serrania de Cuenca, Spain) with insights into its taphonomy and palaeoecology. Cretaceous Research 29(4): 687–710. DOI:10.1016/j.cretres.2008.02.004
  • Mozen M, Curtis N, Evans SE, O'Higgins P, Fagan MJ. 2008. Combined finite element and multibody dynamics analysis of biting in a Uromastyx hardwickii lizard skull. Journal of Anatomy 213(5): 499–508. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7580.2008.00980.x
  • Matsumoto R, Suzuki S, Tsogtbaater K, Evans SE. 2009. New material of the enigmatic reptile Khurendukhosaurus (Diapsida: Choristodera) from Mongolia. Naturwissenschaften 96 (2): 233–242 http://www.springerlink.com/content/k05k3101vw24w832/
  • Moazen M, Curtis N, O'Higgins P, Jones MEH, Evans SE, Fagan MJ, 2009. Assessment of the role of sutures in a lizard skull: a computer modelling study. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276(1654):39–46. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.0863
  • Anquetin J, BarrettT PM, Jones MEH, Moore-Fay S, Evans SE. 2009. A new stem turtle from the Middle Jurassic of Scotland: new insights into the evolution and palaeoecology of basal turtles. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276: 879–886.DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.1429
  • Jones MEH, Tennyson AJD, Worthy JP, Evans SE, Worthy TH. 2009. A sphenodontine (Rhynchocephalia) from the Miocene of New Zealand and palaeobiogeography of the tuatara (Sphenodon). Proceedings of the Royal Society B 276: 1385–1390. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.1785
  • Evans SE, Wang Y. 2009. A long-limbed lizard from the Upper Jurassic/Lower Cretaceous of Daohugou, Ningcheng, Nei Mongol, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 47: 21–34.
  • Mo J-Y, Xu-X, Evans SE. 2009. The evolution of the lepidosaurian lower temporal bar: new perspectives from the Late Cretaceous of South China. Proceedings of the Royal Society B (Special Issue ‘Recent advances in Chinese palaeontology’) DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2009.0030
  • Zhang G, Wang Y, Jones MEH, Evans SE. 2009. A new Early Cretaceous salamander (Regalerpeton weichangensis gen. et sp. nov.) from the Huajiying Formation of northeastern China. Cretaceous Research 30: 551–558. DOI: 10.1016/j.cretres.2008.10.004
  • Moazen M, Curtis N, O’Higgins P, Evans SE, Fagan M. 2009. The function of the lower temporal bar in lepidosaurian evolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, ­ PNAS, 20: 8273-8277. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0813156106
  • Evans SE, Borsuk-Bialynicka M. 2009. The Early Triassic stem-frog Czatkobatrachus from Poland. Palaeontologica Polonica 65: 79–105. Weblink
  • Evans SE. 2009. An early kuehneosaurid reptile (Reptilia: Diapsida) from the Early Triassic of Poland. Palaeontologica Polonica 65: 145-178. Weblink
  • Evans SE, Borsuk-Bialynicka M. 2009. A small lepidosauromorph reptile from the Early Triassic of Poland. Palaeontologica Polonica 65: 179–202. Weblink
  • Borsuk-Bialynicka M, Evans SE. 2009. A long-necked archosauromorph from the Early Triassic of Poland. Palaeontologica Polonica 65: 203–234. Weblink
  • Borsuk-Bialynicka M, Evans SE. 2009. Cranial and mandibular osteology of the Early Triassic archosauriform Osmolskina czatkowicensis from Poland. Palaeontologica Polonica 65: 235–281. Weblink
  • Evans SE, Wang Y. 2010. A new lizard (Reptilia: Squamata) with exquisite preservation of soft tissue from the Lower Cretaceous of Inner Mongolia, China. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 8: 81–95. DOI: 10.1080/14772010903537773
  • Curtis N, Jones MEH, Evans SE, Shi J, O’Higgins P, Fagan MJ. 2010. Predicting muscle activation patterns from motion and anatomy: modelling the skull of Sphenodon. Royal Society Interface DOI: 10.1098/rsif.2009.0139
  • Bolet A, Evans SE. 2010. A new lizard from the Early Cretaceous of Catalonia (Spain), and the Mesozoic lizards of the Iberian Peninsula. Cretaceous Research 31: 447-457. DOI: 10.1016/j.cretres.2010.06.002
  • Wang Y, Dong L, Evans SE. 2010. Jurassic-Cretaceous herpetofaunas from the Jehol associated strata in NE China: evolutionary and ecological implications. Bulletin of the Chinese Academy of Sciences 24: 76–79. Weblink
  • Curtis N, Jones MEH, Lappin AK, Evans SE, O’Higgins P, Fagan MJ. 2010. Comparison between in vivo and theoretical bite performance: Using multi-body modelling to predict muscle and biteforces in a reptile skull. Journal of Biomechanics 43: 2804-2809. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.05.037
  • Curtis N, Jones MEH, Evans SE, O’Higgins P, Fagan MJ. 2010. Feedback control from the jaw joints during biting: an investigation of the reptile Sphenodon using multibody modelling. Journal of Biomechanics 43: 3132–3137. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.08.001
  • Wang Y, Evans SE. 2011. A gravid lizard from the Cretaceous of China and the early history of squamate viviparity. Naturwissenschaften DOI: 10.1007/s00114-011-0820-1
  • Curtis N, Jones MEH, Shi J, O'Higgins P, Evans SE, Fagan MJ. 2011. Functional relationship between skull form and feeding mechanics in Sphenodon, and implications for diapsid skull development. PLoS ONE 6(12): e29804. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0
  • Evans SE, Wang Y. 2012. New material of the Early Cretaceous lizard Yabeinosaurus  from China. Cretaceous Research 34: 48–60.  doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2011.10.004
  • Mo JY, Xu X , Evans SE. 2012. A large predatory lizard (Platynota, Squamata) from the Late Cretaceous of South China. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 10: 333–339. doi: 10.1080/14772019.2011.588254
  • Bolet A, Evans SE. 2012. A tiny lizard (Lepidosauria, Squamata) from the Lower Cretaceous of Spain. Palaeontology 55: 491–500. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2012.01145.x
  • Jones MEH, O'Higgins P, Fagan M, Evans SE, Curtis N. 2012. Shearing mechanics and the influence of a flexible symphysis during oral food processing in Sphenodon (Lepidosauria: Rhynchocephalia). The Anatomical Record 295: 1075-1091. DOI 10.1002/ar.22487
  • Jones MEH, Werneburg I, Curtis N, Penrose R, O’Higgins P, Fagan MJ, Evans SE. 2012. The head and neck anatomy of sea turtles (Cryptodira: Chelonioidea) and skull shape in Testudines. PLoS ONE 7(11): e47852 DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0047852
  • Benson RBJ, Mannion PD, Upchurch P, Goswami A, Evans SE. 2012. Cretaceous tetrapod fossil record sampling and faunal turnover: Implications for biogeography and the rise of modern clades. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology DOI: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.10.028
  • Evans SE, Jones MEH, Matsumoto R. 2012. A new lizard skull from the Purbeck Limestone Group (Lower Cretaceous) of England. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 183: 517–524. DOI: 10.2113/​gssgfbull.183.6.517
  • Bolet A, Evans SE. 2013. Lizards and amphisbaenians (Reptilia, Squamata) from the late Eocene of Sossís (Catalonia, Spain), Palaeontologia Electronica 16(1): 8A 23p palaeo-electronica.org/content/2013/412-eocene-squamates-from-spain
  • Gröning F, Jones MEH, Curtis N, Herrel A, O'Higgins P, Evans SE, Fagan MJ. 2013. The importance of accurate muscle modelling for biomechanical analyses: a case study with a lizard skull. Journal of Royal Society Interface 10: DOI:10.1098/rsif.2013.0216 
  • Curtis N, Jones MEH, Evans SE, O'Higgins P, Fagan MJ. 2013. Cranial sutures work collectively to distribute strain throughout the reptile skul. Journal of Royal Society Interface 10: DOI:10.1098/rsif.2013.0442





Reviews

  • Evans SE. 1993. Jurassic lizard assemblages. Revue de Paléobiologie (Suisse), Vol.spéc. 7: 55–65.
  • Evans SE. 2003. At the feet of the dinosaurs: the origin, evolution and early diversification of squamate reptiles (Lepidosauria: Diapsida). Biological Reviews, Cambridge 78: 513–551. DOI: 10.1017/S1464793103006134

Book chapters

  • Evans SE. 1988. The early history and relationships of the Diapsida, Chapter 6. In The phylogeny and classification of the tetrapods, Benton MJ (ed). Oxford University Press. pp 221–253.
  • Evans SE, Milner AR. 1994. Microvertebrate faunas from the Middle Jurassic of Britain. In, In the Shadow of the Dinosaurs: Early Mesozoic Tetrapods, Fraser N & Sues H D. (eds), Cambridge University Press, pp 303–321.
  • Evans SE 1995 General introduction: heart. Grays Anatomy, 38th Edition. Churchill Livingstone, pp 1472–1474.
  • Evans SE. 2002. Reptiles. In The New Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians, Halliday T & Adler K (eds). Andromeda Press, Oxford. pp.98–105.
  • Evans SE. 2008. The skull of lizards and tuatara. In Biology of the Reptilia, Vol.20, Morphology H: the skull of Lepidosauria, Gans C, Gaunt A S, Adler K. (eds). Ithica, New York, Society for the study of Amphibians and Reptiles. pp1–344. Weblink to purchase
  • Evans SE, Jones MEH. 2010. The Origin, early history and diversification of lepidosauromorph reptiles. In Bandyopadhyay S. (ed.), New Aspects of Mesozoic Biodiversity, 27 Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences 132, 27–44. DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-10311-7_2


Full publication record (according to UCL Research Publication Service)


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