UCL Institute of Cardiovascular Science




Heart Failure


Heart failure is a complex syndrome which results from the heart’s inability to pump enough blood to meet the body’s needs. Clinical presentation typically is with shortness of breath, fatigue and signs of fluid retention. The most common cause is myocardial infarction.

Heart failure affects 1 – 2% of the UK population; the incidence and prevalence increase significantly with age, affecting approximately 7% of those aged 75 – 85 years. Overall prognosis and patient quality of life are poor; 14% of newly diagnosed patients die within the first six months, the average life expectancy is approximately 3 years and physical and social limitations for the patient are significant. The expenditure for heart failure is approximately 1 – 2% of the NHS budget, mainly related to costs of hospital based patient management. Our research focuses on outcome measures which assess patient satisfaction and the delivery of specialist care to support heart failure management within the community.

Key research activities

Assessment of the Impact of Patient Oriented Outcome Measures
Development of an Integrated Community Based Heart Failure Service
Assessment of Percutaneous Device Therapies in Heart Failure