The Archaeology of the Levant
This course presents the current state of knowledge about societies of the late Bronze and Iron Ages in Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Cyprus and Southern Turkey (the Levant), as revealed in the archaeological record and in historical documents that date directly to these periods.
Topics include the origins and development of Canaanite civilization; the emergence of the alphabet; trade links and political relations with the Aegean, Egypt, Turkey and Mesopotamia; the emergence of small polities in the Iron Age (e.g. Israel, Judah, Ammon, Moab, Aram, Phoenicia); the development of tribal political networks and caravan states (e.g. the Nabateans, the Arabs); imperial domination by Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, and Persian expansionist states; the impact of Hellenism; how historical and religious documents presented these events; and the impact of social history in these periods on perceptions of the Levant in modern European and Middle Eastern thought.