Ceramic Temper and identity groups
The project aims at the identification and classification of Neolithic tempering agents of different archaeological cultures, with special attention on the LBK and La Hoguette traditions (Early Neolithic of central Europe).
The difference in temper (organic fibres/sand, grog and haematite vs. bones) seems to mark a pronounced border between two cultural traditions, coming from the Pannonian basin (Starcevo-Körös) and the Western Mediterranean (Cardial) respectively. While there are occasional imitations of pottery patterns, the temper seems to have had a deeper meaning and is maintained. Bone temper continues into the Blicquy and VSG traditions. Rössen sherds tempered with poppy seeds point to the potential significance of plants.
No identification of the animal species the bones come from has been undertaken yet, this will be accomplished by thin-section analysis. Phytoliths may be identified via the use of high-resultion 3-D tomography (Bente). The origin of haematite used for temper will be analysed via thin-sections, further analytical methods will be tested.
- Applications are being made to the DFG (German Research Foundation)