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Todd Whitelaw

Research Interests

  • Aegean archaeology
  • Method and theory
  • Landscape archaeology
  • Ethnoarchaeology
  • Complex societies
  • Settlement archaeology
  • Ceramics

Research Directory Records

Educational Background

  • 1978 BA Anthropology, Harvard College
  • 1979 MA Archaeological method and theory, Southampton University
  • 1990 PhD Archaeology, Cambridge University

Professional History

  • 1979 Research Assistant, Southampton University
  • 1980 Research Studentship, St. John's College, Cambridge University
  • 1984 Research Assistant, Cambridge University
  • 1984 Research Fellow, St. John's College, Cambridge University
  • 1986 Lecturer in Quantitative Analysis, Department of Archaeology, Cambridge University
  • 1989 Director of Studies, Archaeology and Anthropology, St. John's College, Cambridge University.
  • 1998 Reader in Archaeology, UCL
  • 2007 Professor of Aegean Archaeology, UCL
  • 2009 Knossos Research Fellow, British School at Athens

Todd was invited to give the BSA Annual Open Lecture 2011 on 'Surveying the Labyrinth: the Knossos Urban Landscape Project'. The podcast of this lecture is now available.

  • Whitelaw, T. (in press). The urbanisation of prehistoric Crete: settlement perspectives on Minoan state formation. in Schoep, I., Tomkins, P. and Driessen, J. (ed.) Back to the Beginning: reassessing social, economic and political complexity in the Early and Middle Bronze Age on Crete. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
  • Whitelaw, T., Bredaki, M. and Vasilakis, A. (2010). Πρόγραμμα Επιφανειακής Έρευνας Περιοχής Κνωσού. Προκαταρκτική έκθεση για τη εργασία των ετών 2005-2007. in Andrianakis, M. and Tzachili, I. (ed.) Archaiologiko Ergo Kritis 1. Rethymnon:294-301.
  • Whitelaw, T., Bredaki, M. and Vasilakis, A. (2010). The Knossos Urban Landscape Project. in Morgan, C., Pitt, R., Mulliez, D. and Evely, D. (ed.) Archaeology in Greece. Archaeological Reports 56:183-4.
  • Whitelaw, T., Bredaki, M. and Vasilakis, A. (2009). The Knossos Urban Landscape Project. in Morgan, C. (ed.) Archaeology in Greece. Archaeological Reports 55:94-6.
  • Whitelaw, T. and Morgan, C. (2009). Crete. in Morgan, C. (ed.) Archaeology in Greece. Archaeological Reports 55:79-100.
  • Whitelaw, T., Bredaki, M. and Vasilakis, A. (2008). Crete: Knossos: Urban Landscape Project. The British School at Athens, an Institute for Advanced Research. Annual Report 2007-2008:19.
  • Whitelaw, T., Bredaki, M. and Vasilakis, A. (2008). The Knossos Urban Landscape Project. in Morgan, C. (ed.) Archaeology in Greece. Archaeological Reports 54:100-102.
  • Whitelaw, T., Bredaki, M. and Vasilakis, A. (2007). The Knossos Urban Landscape Project. in Whitley, J. et al. (ed,) Archaeology in Greece. Archaeological Reports 53:108.
  • Whitelaw, T., Bredaki, M. and Vasilakis, A. (2007). Crete: Knossos Urban Landscape Project. Annual Report of Council, The British School at Athens, for the Session 2006-2007:34-5.
  • Bennet, J., Whitelaw, T., Grammatikaki, E. and Vasilakis, A. (2006). The Knossos Urban Landscape Project. in Whitley, J. (ed.) Archaeology in Greece. Archaeological Reports 52:107-8.
  • Whitelaw, T., Bennet, J. Grammatikaki, E. and Vasilakis, A. (2006). Crete: Knossos Urban Landscape Project. Annual Report of Council, The British School at Athens, for the Session 2005-2006:36.
  • Whitelaw,T., Bennet,J., Grammatikaki,E., Vasilakis,A. (2008). The Knossos Urban Landscape Project 2005. Preliminary results. in Goddart,L., Sacconi,A. (ed.) Pasiphae. Revista di Filologia e Antichita Egee. Volume I . Rome: Fabrizio Serra, 103-109.
  • Whitelaw,T. (2007). The objectives and methods of the 1987 surface survey at Dhaskalio, Keros. in Renfrew,C., Doumas,C., Marangou,L., Gavalas,G. (ed.) Keros, Dhaskalio Kavos: The Investigations of 1987-1988. McDonald Institute Monographs series. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, 37-76. ISBN: 9781902937494
  • Whitelaw,T. (2007). House, households and community at Early Minoan Fournou Korifi: methods and models for interpretation. Chapter 8 in Westgate,R., Fisher,N., Whitley,J. (ed.) Building Communities. House, settlement and society in the Aegean and beyond.. British School at Athens. Studies 15 series. London: British School at Athens, 65-76. ISBN: 978-0-904887-56-3
  • Whitelaw,T., Bredaki,M., Vasilakis,A. (2007). The Knossos Urban Landscape Project: investigating the long-term dynamics of an urban landscape. Archaeology International 2006/7(10), 28-31. ISSN: 1463-1725
  • Whitelaw,T., Renfrew,C., Scarre,C., Brodie,N. (2007). The excavated areas. in Renfrew,C., Brodie,N., Morrison,C., Scarre,C. (ed.) Excavations at Phylakopi in Melos: 1974-77.. Supplementary Volume series. London: British School at Athens, 19-86. ISBN: 978 0 904887 54 9
  • Whitelaw,T. (2006). The surface survey of 1987. Chapter 3 in Marangou,L., Renfrew,C., Doumas,C., Gavalas,G. (ed.) Markiani, Amorgos. An Early bronze Age Fortified Settlement. British School at Athens Supplementary Volume series. London: British School at Athens, 9-24. ISBN: 0 904887 52 9
  • Whitelaw,T. (2005). A tale of three cities: chronology and minoanisation at Phylakopi on Melos. in Dakouri-Hild,A., Sherratt, S. (ed.) Autochthon. Papers presented to O.T.P.K. Dickinson on the occasion of his retirement. British Archaeological Reports International Series series. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports, 37-69. ISBN: 1 84171 868 8
  • Whitelaw,T. (2004). Alternative pathways to complexity in the southern Aegean. in Barrett,J., Halstead,P.L.J. (ed.) The Emergence of Civilization Revisited.. Sheffield Studies in Aegean Archaeology series. Oxford: Oxbow Books, 232-256. ISBN: 1 84217 166 6
  • Whitelaw, T, (2004). The development of an island centre: urbanization at Phylakopi on Melos. In J. Cherry, C. Scarre and S. Shennan (eds) Explaining Social Change: studies in honour of Colin Renfrew. Cambridge: Mcdonald Institute for Archaeological Research: 149-66.
  • Whitelaw, T, (2004). Estimating the population of Neopalatial Knossos. In: G. Cadogan and E. Hatzaki (eds) Knossos: Palace, City, State. London: British School at Athens.
  • Whitelaw, T, (2003). Investigating site diversity in the Early Bronze Age Aegean. Archaeology International [6]:29-32.
  • Whitelaw, T. (2002). Crete: Knossos: Urban Survey. Annual Report of Council, The British School at Athens, for the Session 2001-2002:31-2.
  • Whitelaw, T, (2001). From sites to communities: defining the human dimensions of Minoan urbanism, in K Branigan (ed). Urbanism in the Aegean Bronze Age. Sheffield Studies in Aegean Archaeology.
  • Whitelaw, T, (2001). Reading between the tablets: assessing Mycenaean palatial involvement in ceramic production and consumption, in S Voutsaki and J Killen (eds), Economy and Politics in the Mycenaean Palace States. Supplementary Volume 27, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society: 51-79.
  • Whitelaw, T, (2000). Reconstructing a Classical landscape with figures: some interpretive explorations in northwest Keos, in R Francovich and H Patterson (eds), Extracting Meaning from Ploughsoil Assemblages. Oxford: Oxbow Books: 227-243.
  • Whitelaw, T, (2000). Settlement instability and landscape degradation in the southern Aegean in the third millennium BC, in P Halstead & C Frederick (eds), Landscape and Landuse in Postglacial Greece. Sheffield Studies in Aegean Archaeology, 3, 135-161. Sheffield: Sheffield Acdemic Press
  • Whitelaw, T, (2000). Beyond the palace: a century of investigation at Europe's oldest city, Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies, 44: 223-226.
  • Whitelaw, T, (1999). Value, meaning and context in the interpretation of Mycenaean ceramics. Commentary on: G J van Wijngaarden: An archaeological approach to the concept of value: Mycenaean pottery at Ugarit (Syria). Archaeological Dialogues, 6, 31-5.
  • Whitelaw, T & French C A I, (1999). Soil erosion, agricultural terracing and site formation processes at Markiani, Amorgos, Greece: the micromorphological perspective, Geoarchaeology, 14, 151-89.
  • Whitelaw, T, (1998). Colonisation and competition in the polis of Koressos: the development of settlement in north-west Keos from the Archaic to the Late Roman periods, in L Mendoni and A Mazarakis Ainian (eds), Keos-Kythnos: History and Archaeology. Proceedings of an international symposium, Kea-Kythnos, 22-25 June 1994, Meletimata 27, 227-57. Athens: National Hellenic Research Foundation
  • Whitelaw, T, Day, P, Kiriatzi, E, Kilikoglou, V & Wilson, D, (1997). Ceramic production traditions at Myrtos Fournou Korifi, in R Laffineur & P Betancourt (eds), TEXNI: Crafts, craftsmen and craftswomen in the Prehistoric Aegean, 265-274. Liege: Aegaeum
  • Whitelaw, T. (1996). Review of S. Manning "The relative and absolute chronology of the Aegean Early Bronze Age." Antiquity 70:232-34.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1996). Review of A. Wallace-Hadrill "Houses and society in Pompeii and Herculaneum." Cambridge Archaeological Journal 6:317-20.
  • Whitelaw, T. (with Dickens, A., Evans, C. and others) (1999). Contributions to: The St. John's College Library Development. Cambridge, Cambridge Archaeological Unit.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1994). Order without architecture: functional, social and symbolic factors in hunter-gatherer settlement organisation. in Parker-Pearson, M. and Richards, C. (ed.) Architecture and Order. Routledge:217-43.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1994). The Early Minoan household: methods and models for analysis (abstract). American Journal of Archaeology 98:335-6.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1994). An ethnoarchaeological study of rural land-use in Northwest Keos: insights and implications for the study of past Aegean landscapes. in Doukelis, P. and Mendoni , L. (ed.) Structures rurales et societes antiques. Actes du Colloque de Corfou (14-16 Mai 1992). (Annales litteraries de l'Universite de Besancon), Paris, Les Belles Lettres:165-86.
  • Cadogan, G. Day, P., Macdonald, C., MacGillivray, A., Momigliano, N., Whitelaw, T. and Wilson, D. (1993). Early Minoan and Middle Minoan pottery groups at Knossos. Annual of the British School at Athens 88:21-28.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1992). Lost in the Labyrinth: comments on Broodbank's "Social change at Knossos before the Bronze Age". Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 5.2225-38.
  • Morgan, C. and Whitelaw, T. (1991). Pots and Politics: Ceramic evidence for the rise of the Argive state. American Journal of Archaeology. 95:79-108.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1991). Some dimensions of variability in the social organisation of community space among foragers. in Gamble, C. and Boismier, W. (ed.) Ethnoarchaeological approaches to mobile campsites. (International Monographs in Prehistory, Ethnoarchaeological Series 1), Ann Arbor:139-88.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1991). Intra-site investigations at the Neolithic sites at Kephala and Paoura. in Cherry, J.F., Davis, J.L. and Mantzourani, E. (ed.) Landscape Archaeology as Long-term History: An Archaeological Survey of Northern Keos in the Cyclades. U.C.L.A.:199-216.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1991). The ethno-archaeology of recent rural settlement and land-use in northwest Keos. in Cherry, J.F., Davis, J.L. and Mantzourani, E. (ed.) Landscape Archaeology as Long-term History: An Archaeological Survey of Northern Keos in the Cyclades. U.C.L.A.:403-54.
  • Whitelaw, T. and Davis, J. (1991). Surface investigations at Koressos. in Cherry, J.F., Davis, J.L. and Mantzourani, E. (ed.) Landscape Archaeology as Long-term History: An Archaeological Survey of Northern Keos in the Cyclades. U.C.L.A.:265-81.
  • Cherry, J.F., Davis, J.L., Mantzourani, E. and Whitelaw, T. (1991). The experimental survey methodology. in Cherry, J.F., Davis, J.L. and Mantzourani, E. (ed.) Landscape Archaeology as Long-term History: An Archaeological Survey of Northern Keos in the Cyclades. U.C.L.A.:13-35.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1986). The absolute chronology of the Aegean Early Bronze Age (abstract). American Journal of Archaeology 90.
  • Renfrew, C., Cherry, J., Macfarlane, C. and Whitelaw, T. (1985). Appendix A: Synopsis of stratigraphic levels. in C. Renfrew, The Archaeology of Cult: The Sanctuary at Phylakopi. London, The British School at Athens.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1984). Review of J. Yellen "Archaeological approaches to the present." Archaeological Review from Cambridge 3(1):101-6.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1983). The settlement at Fournou Korifi, and aspects of Early Minoan social organisation. in Krzyszkowska, O. and Nixon, L. (ed.) Minoan Society: Proceedings of the Cambridge Colloquium 1981. Bristol, Bristol Classical Press:323-45.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1983). Ethnoarchaeology (issue editorial). Archaeological Review from Cambridge 2(2):2-3.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1983). People and space in hunter-gatherer camps: a generalising approach in ethnoarchaeology. Archaeological Review from Cambridge 2(2):48-66.
  • Whitelaw, T. (1982) . Appendix D: Gazetteer of place names on Melos. in Renfrew, C. and Wagstaff, M. (ed.) An Island Polity: the archaeology of exploitation in Melos. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press:323-25.

Over the last 20 years, I have supervised over 40 research students across a diverse range of subjects. Their dissertation titles (see below) give a good idea of the subjects I am interested in supervising in Aegean and East Mediterranean archaeology, ethnoarchaeology, site formation processes, landscape, settlement and household archaeology, ceramic analysis, and early complex societies.

I am presently engaged in fieldwork at Knossos in Crete, and am interested in supervising projects on all periods of occupation at the site from Neolithic (ca. 7,000 BC) until Late Roman (ca. 700 AD), particularly working with the extensive unpublished material from over a century of excavations.

Current Students

  • Flora Michelaki Mortuary architecture, depositional behaviour and social change in the tholos cemeteries of south-central Crete, 3000-1700 BC. (second supervisor Cyprian Broodbank)
  • Lefteris Zorzos Reconstructing the Bronze Age environment and land-use on Thera, a phytolith-based approach (joint supervision with Arlene Rosen)
  • Margarita Nazou Pottery, identity and sociocultural relationships in  Attica and the surrounding islands (Euboea, the Northern Cyclades and the Saronic Gulf) during the Final Neolithic and the Early Bronze Age (joint supervision with Cyprian Broodbank, second supervisor Andrew Bevan)
  • Lydia Evdoxiadi Iron Age houses and households in the southern Levant. Principal supervisor (2007-) (second supervisor Andrew Bevan)

Second Supervisor

  • Lesley Bushnell The socio-economic implications of the distrubition of juglets in the eastern Mediterranean during the Middle and Late Bronze Ages (principal supervisor Andrew Bevan)
  • Viviana Siveroni Household integration and population aggregation in Late Prehispanic Nasca (principal supervisor Bill Sillar)

Past students

  • a'Campo, A. 1990. Anthropomorphic representations in prehistoric Cyprus. A formal and symbolic analysis of figurines c. 3500-1800 BC. Secondary supervisor (1989-90).
  • Pinsky, V. 1992. Anthropology and the new archaeology: a critical study of disciplinary change in American archaeology. Principal supervisor (1990-92).
  • Voutsaki, S. 1993. Society and culture in the Mycenaean world. An analysis of mortuary practices of the Argolid, Thessaly and the Dodecanese. Joint principal supervisor (1990-93).
  • Way, H. 1994. A study of the impact of imparkment on the social landscape of Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire from c.1080 to 1760. Secondary supervisor.
  • Stopp, M. 1994. Early human adaptation in the northern hemisphere and the analytic implications of taphonomy. Secondary supervisor.
  • Lupton, A. 1995. Stability and change: socio-political development in North Mesopotamia and south-east Anatolia 4000-2700 B.C. Secondary supervisor.
  • Thoden van Velsen, D. 1995. Etruscan rites for the dead: modern myth and ancient practice. Secondary supervisor.
  • Lake, M. 1995. Computer simulation modelling of early hominid subsistence activities. Secondary supervisor.
  • Morton, A. 1995. Archaeological site formation: experiments in lake margin processes. Secondary supervisor (1992-4).
  • Henshilwood, C. 1995. Holocene archaeology of the coastal Garcia State Forest, southern Cape, South Africa. Secondary supervisor (1991-93).
  • Buchli, V. 1996. Narkomfin Communal House, Moscow: the material culture of accommodation and resistance (1930-1991). Secondary supervisor (1992-95).
  • Boismier, W. 1996. Modelling the effects of tillage processes on artefact distributions in the ploughzone: a simulation study of tillage-induced pattern formation. Principal supervisor.
  • Galanidou, P. 1996. Home is where the hearth is. Spatial variation in Upper Palaeolithic rockshelter occupations. Secondary supervisor.
  • Kovacik, J. 1997. Social/contextual archaeology of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico: collective memory and material culture amongst the Chaco Anasazi. Secondary supervisor.
  • Knappett, C. 1997. Pottery production and organisational complexity in Protopalatial Crete. Principal supervisor.
  • Brusasco, P. 1998. The Old Babylonian houses at Ur: a social analysis of space. Secondary supervisor.
  • Spikins, P. 1998. Re-thinking the Mesolithic of northern England: a re-evaluation of changes in environment, population and settlement. Principal supervisor.
  • Souvatzi, S. 2000. The Neolithic household in Greece. Secondary supervisor (1993-97).
  • Berg, I. 2000. The Minoanisation of the southern Aegean: a comparative approach through ceramic assemblages. Principal supervisor.
  • Walika-Zeh, R. 2000. Building practice and cultural space amongst the Bambara, Senufo and Bozo of Mali: an ethnoarchaeological study. Joint principal supervisor (1998-2000).
  • Bevan, A. 2001. Value regimes in the eastern Mediterranean Bronze Age: an analysis through stone vessels. Secondary supervisor.
  • Preston, L. 2001. A mortuary approach to cultural identities and political dynamics on Late Minoan II-IIIB Crete. Secondary supervisor.
  • Lindenlauf, A. 2001. Waste management practices in ancient Greece from the Homeric to the Classical period. Secondary supervisor.
  • Durrani, N. 2001. The Tihamah coastal plain of South West Arabia in its regional context (c. 6000 BC- AD 600). Principal supervisor (1999-2001).
  • Kotjabopoulou, E. 2002. Patterned fragments and fragments of patterns: Upper Palaeolithic rockshelter faunas from Epirus Northwestern Greece. Secondary supervisor (1989-97).
  • Hatzimichael, C. 2002. Devices, contexts, systems: administration and states in Bronze Age Crete (2000-1450 B.C.). Principal supervisor.
  • Harding, R. 2003. Rajgir and its hinterland. Secondary supervisor (1996-97).
  • Yalman, N. 2005. Ethno-archaeological analysis of three villages in central Anatolia for interpretation of prehistoric sites. Istanbul University: secondary supervisor (2000-05).
  • Roth-Murray, C. 2005. The construction of power. An investigation into the nature and representation of authority in Etruria during the Orientalising and Archaic periods (7th and 6th centuries). Secondary supervisor.
  • Spencer, L. 2006. Pottery technology and socio-economic diversity on the Early Helladic III - Middle Helladic II Greek mainland. Principal supervisor.
  • Legarra, B. 2006. Mortuary behaviour and social organisation in Pre- and Protopalatial Crete. Principal supervisor.
  • Fentem, R. 2007. 'Orientalia' in the Aegean: dynamics, reception and impact from the Bronze Age to the Archaic period. Joint principal supervisor.
  • Shapland, A. 2009. Over the horizon: human-animal relations in the Bronze Age Aegean. Principal supervisor.
  • Poole, S. 2010. Gender roles and relations in the Aegean Bronze Age interpreted from the gestures, postures and inter-relational placement depicted in the imagery of frescoes, glyptics and three-dimensional artefacts. Secondary supervisor.
  • Cutler, J. 2011. Production Systems & Social Dynamics: A Cross-Media Approach to ’Minoanisation’’ in the Southern Aegean in the Second Millenium BC. Joint principal supervisor.
  • Romanou, D. 2011. Co-residential group composition and the spatial design of residences: an investigation using the ethnographic and archaeological records. Principal supervisor.
  • Dikomitou, M. 2012. Ceramic production, distribution and social interaction. An Analytical approach to the study of Early and Middle Bronze Age pottery from Cyprus. Principal supervisor.
  • Iacono, F. 2013. Opening the Sea Gates of Europe: Interaction in the Southern Adriatic Sea during Late Bronze Age. Joint principal supervisor.
  • Leith, K. 2013.  Expressions of Gender in the Middle and Late Bronze Age Mortuary Data of the Aegean. Joint principal supervisor.
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