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Simon Parfitt

  • BSc
  • Principal Research Associate, UCL Institute of Archaeology (currently on secondment to the Natural History Museum)
  • Trustee of the Harrison Institute and Harrison Zoological Museum (Honorary positions)

Research Interests

  • Vertebrate archaeozoology
  • Pleistocene and Palaeolithic archaeology of Western Europe, North Africa, Southern Russia and the Caucasus
  • Vertebrate taphonomy, including human modification of animal bones

Research Directory Records

Posts held

  • 2001-  Ancient Human Occupation of Britain (AHOB), funded by the Leverhulme Trust
  • 1989-2001  Co-director of Boxgrove Project; Senior Research Fellow, UCL Institute of Archaeology
  • 1985-1989  Environmental Archaeologist, UCL Institute of Archaeology Field Archaeology Unit
  • 1985  Environmental Archaeologist, Ancient Monuments Laboratory, London 

Education

  • (Current)   PhD (part-time), Leiden University, Faculty of Archaeology
  • 1982-85    BSc (Hons) Archaeology, UCL Institute of Archaeology
  • 1977-82    GCE A levels in Biology, Chemistry, History. Sir William Romney's School, Tetbury, Gloucestershire

Selected recent publications from 2008 onwards are given below. A full list of publications from 1988 to the present is available here»

In press

  • Parfitt, S.A. & Lister, A.M. (in press). Ungulates from the Peştera cu Oase. In: E. Trinkaus, S. Constantin & J. Zilhão (Eds.), Life and Death at the Peştera cu Oase: A Setting for Modern Human Emergence in Europe. Oxford University Press.
  • Penkman, K.E.H., Preece, R.C., Bridgland, D.R., Keen, D.H., Meijer, T., Parfitt, S.A., White, T.S. & Collins, M.J. (in press). The new aminostratigraphy for the British Quaternary based on Bithynia opercula: further data and extended discussion. Quaternary Science Reviews.
  • Parfitt, S.A. (in press). Rodents, lagomorphs and insectivores from Azokh Cave. In: Y. Fernández-Jalvo, P. Andrews, T. King & L. Yepiskoposyan (Eds.), Azokh Cave and the Transcaucasian Corridor. Springer, Dordrecht.
  • Bello, S.M., Delbarre, G.B. Parfitt, S.A., Currant, A.P., Kruszynski, R. & Stringer, C.B. (2013). Lost and found. The remarkable curatorial history of one of the earliest discoveries of Palaeolithic portable art. Antiquity (in press).

2012

  • Bello S.M., Parfitt, S.A., Cáceres I., Saladié P. & Rodriguez A. 2012. Upper Palaeolithic ritualistic cannibalism: Gough’s Cave (Somerset, UK) from head to toe. Abstract. 2nd Annual meeting of the European Society for the Study of Human Evolution, Bordeaux. p. 38.
  • Preece, R. C. & Parfitt, S.A. 2012. The Early and early Middle Pleistocene context of human occupation and lowland glaciation in Britain and northern Europe. Quaternary International 271, 6–28.
  • Briant, R.M., Kilfeather, A.A., Parfitt, S., Penkman, K.E.H., Preece, R.C., Roe, H.M., Schwenninger, J-L, Wenban-Smith, F.F. & Whittaker, J.E. 2012. Integrated chronological control on an archaeologically significant Pleistocene river terrace sequence: the Thames-Medway, eastern Essex, England. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 123, 87–108.

2011

  • Penkman, K.E.H., Preece, R.C., Bridgland, D.R., Keen, D.H., Meijer, T., Parfitt, S.A., White, T.S. & Collins, M.J. 2011. A chronological framework for the British Quaternary based on Bithynia opercula. Nature 476, 446–449.

  • Parfitt, S.A. & Harrison, D.L. 2011. New material of the shrew Macroneomys Fejfar, 1966 (Mammalia, Soricomorpha, Soricidae) from the British early Middle Pleistocene, with comments on its palaeobiology and European range. Acta Zoologica Cravoviensia 54A, 31–37.
  • Abel, R.L., Parfitt, S.A., Ashton, N.M., Lewis, S.G. Scott, B. & Stringer, C.B. 2011. Digital preservation and dissemination of ancient lithic technology with modern micro-CT. Computers and Graphics 35, 878–884.
  • Bello, S.M., Verveniotou, E., Cornish L. & Parfitt, S.A. 2011. 3-Dimensional microscope analysis of bone and tooth surface modifications: comparisons of fossils specimens and replicas. Scanning 33, 316–324.

  • Stewart, J.R. & Parfitt, S.A. 2011. Late Quaternary environmental change at Walou Cave: evidence from a preliminary analysis of the small mammals. In: C. Draily, S. Pirson & M. Toussaint (Eds.), La Grotte Walou à Trooz (Belgique). Fouilles de 1996 à 2004. Volume 2, Les Sciences de la Vie et les Datations. Etudes et Documents Archaéologie 21. pp. 38–59.

  • Pirson, S., Draily, C., Bovy, B., Cornet, Y., Court-Picon, M., Damblon, F., Debenham, N., Demoulin, A., De Wilde, B., Haesaerts, P., Juvigné, E., La Grappe, P., Parfitt, S.A., Pirouelle, F., Renson, V., Stewart, J.R., Udrescu, M., Van Neer, W., Wouters, W. & Toussaint, M. 2011. Contexte chronostratigraphique et paléoenvironnemental de la séquence de la grotte Walou: synthèse et perspectives. In: C. Draily, S. Pirson & M. Toussaint (Eds.), La Grotte Walou à Trooz (Belgique). Fouilles de 1996 à 2004. Volume 2, Les Sciences de la Vie et les Datations. Etudes et Documents Archaéologie 21. pp. 214–233.

  • Bello, S.M., Parfitt, S.A. & Stringer, C.B. (with Pitts, M.). 2011. Gough’s Cave. British Archaeology 118, 14–21.

  • Stringer, C. & Parfitt, S. 2011. Learning from the past. Evolve 6, 50-3.

  • Parfitt, S.A. 2011. Contributions on vertebrate remains and palaeoenvironmental interpretation. In: A. Simmonds, F.F. Wenban-Smith, M.R. Bates, K. Powell, D. Sykes, R. Devany, D. Stansbie & D. Score (Eds.), Excavations in North-West Kent 2005-2007. One Hundred Thousand Years of Human Activity in and Around the Darent Valley. Oxford Archaeology Monograph 11. Oxford Archaeology, Oxford.

  • Bello, S.M., Parfitt, S.A. & Stringer, C.B. 2011. Earliest directly-dated human skull-cups. PloS One 6(2): e17026. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017026.

  • Scott, B., Ashton, N., Lewis, S.G., Parfitt, S. & White, M. 2011. Technology and landscape use in the Early Middle Palaeolithic of the Thames Valley. In: N.M. Ashton, S.G. Lewis, & C.B. Stringer (Eds.), The Ancient Human Occupation of Britain. Developments in Quaternary Science 14. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 67–89.

2010

  • Candy, I., Coope, G.R., Lee, J.R., Parfitt, S.A., Preece, R.C., Rose, J. & Schreve, D.C. 2010. Pronounced warmth during early Middle Pleistocene interglacials: Investigating the Mid-Brunhes Event in the British terrestrial sequence. Earth-Science Reviews 103, 183–196.
  • Parfitt, S.A. & Larkin, N.A. 2010. Exceptionally large hyaena coprolites from West Runton and the possible presence of the giant short-faced hyaena (Pachycrocuta brevirostris). Quaternary International 228, 131–134.
  • Maul, L. C. & Parfitt, S.A. 2010. Micromammals from the 1995 Mammoth Excavation at West Runton, Norfolk, UK: morphometric data, biostratigraphy and taxonomic reappraisal. In: A.J. Stuart & A.M. Lister (Eds.) The West Runton Elephant and its Cromerian Environment. Quaternary International 228, 91–115.
  • Breda, M., Collinge, S., Parfitt, S.A. & Lister, A.M. 2010. Metric analysis of ungulate mammals in the early Middle Pleistocene of Britain, in relation to taxonomy and biostratigraphy. I: Rhinocerotidae and Bovidae. In: A.J. Stuart & A.M. Lister (Eds.) The West Runton Elephant and its Cromerian Environment. Quaternary International 228, 136–156.
  • Lister, A.M., Parfitt, S.A., Owen, F.J., Collinge, S. & Breda, M. 2010. Metric analysis of ungulate mammals in the early Middle Pleistocene of Britain, in relation to taxonomy and biostratigraphy. II: Cervidae, Equidae and Suidae. In: A.J. Stuart & A.M. Lister (Eds.) The West Runton Elephant and its Cromerian Environment. Quaternary International 228, 157–179.
  • Hillson, S.W., Parfitt, S.A., Bello, S.M., Roberts, M.B. & Stringer, C.B. 2010. Two hominin teeth from the Middle Pleistocene site of Boxgrove, Sussex, England. Journal of Human Evolution 59, 493–503.
  • Parfitt, S.A., Ashton, N.M. & Lewis, S.G. (with Pitts, M.). 2010. Happisburgh. British Archaeology 114, 12–21.
  • Ashton, N.M., Parfitt, S.A. & Lewis, S.G. 2010. I piú antichi «Englishmen» della storia, Archeo November (2010), 8–10.
  • Parfitt, S.A., Ashton, N.M., Lewis, S.G., Abel, R., Coope, G.R., Field, M.H., Gale, R., Hoare, P.G., Larkin, N.R., Lewis, M.D., Karloukovski, V., Maher, B.A., Peglar, S.M., Preece, R.C., Whittaker, J.E. & Stringer, C.B. 2010. Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe. Nature 466, 229–233.
  • Parfitt, S.A., Coope, R.C., Field, M.H., Peglar, S.M., Preece, R.C. & Whittaker, J.E. 2010. Middle Pleistocene biota of the early Anglian ‘Arctic Fresh-water bed’ at Ostend, Norfolk, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 121, 55–65.

2009

  • Preece, R.C., Parfitt, S.A., Coope, G.R., Penkman, K.E.H., Ponel, P. & Whittaker, J. E. 2009. Biostratigraphic and aminostratigraphic constraints on the age of the Middle Pleistocene glacial succession in north Norfolk, UK. Journal of Quaternary Science 24, 557–580.
  • Speller, G.R, Preece, R.C. & Parfitt, S.A. 2009. Environmental archaeology of the Roman villa at Rock, Brightstone, Isle of Wight. In: M.J. Allen, N. Sharples, T. O’Connor (Eds.), Land and People: Papers in Honour of John G. Evans. Prehistoric Society Research Paper 2. Oxbow Books and The Prehistoric Society, Oxford, pp. 181–197.
  • Harrison, D.L. & Parfitt, S.A. 2009. Fossil remains of shrews (Soricomorpha: Soricidae) and desmans (Talpidae: Desmaninae) from Norfolk, England, with biostratigraphic implications for the Plio-Pleistocene boundary in East Anglia. Acta Zoologica Cravoviensia 52A, 61–79.
  • Bello, S.M., Parfitt, S.A. & Stringer, C.B. 2009. Quantitative micromorphological analyses of cutmarks produced by ancient and modern handaxes. Journal of Archaeological Science 36, 1869–1880.
  • Bates, M.R., Bates, C.R., Gibbard, P.L., Keen, D.H., Parfitt, S.A., Peglar, S.M., Schwenninger, J.-L., Wenban-Smith, F.F. & Whittaker, J.E. 2009. Selsey, West Street: evaluation of historical material and recent field investgations. In: R.M. Briant, M.R. Bates, R.T. Hosfield & F.F. Wenban-Smith (Eds.), The Quaternary of the Solent Basin and West Sussex Raised Beaches. Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 73–95.

2008

  • Bouzouggar, A., Barton, R.N.E., Blockley, S., Bronk-Ramsey, C., Collcutt, S.N., Gale, R., Higham, T.F.G., Humphrey, L.T., Parfitt, S., Turner, E. & Ward, S. 2008. Reevaluating the age of the Iberomarusian in Northern Morocco. African Archaeological Review 25, 3–19.
  • Bates M.R., Barham A.J., Jones S., Parfitt K., Parfitt, S.A., Pedley M., Preece R.C., Walker M.J.C. & Whittaker J.E. 2008. Holocene sequences and archaeology from the Crabble Mill site, Dover, UK and their regional significance. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association 119, 299–327.
  • Robins, P., Wymer, J.J. & Parfitt, S.A. 2008. Handaxe finds on the Norfolk beaches. Norfolk Archaeology XLV (3), 412–415.
  • Parfitt, S.A., Snelling, A., Evans A.A. & Jacobi, R. 2008. Further discoveries of Lower Palaeolithic stone tools in the Cromer Forest-bed Formation at Pakefield-Kessingland. Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History XLI (4), 489–495.
  • Ashton, N., Lewis, S., Parfitt, S. & Padfield, D. 2008. Benacre (TM/ 5383; BNC 081). Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute of Archaeology and History XLI (4), 515–516.
  • White, D., Preece, R.C., Shchetnikov, A.A., Parfitt, S.A. & Dlussky K.G. 2008. A Holocene molluscan succession from floodplain sediments of the upper Lena River (Lake Baikal region), Siberia. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 962–987.
  • Barton, R.N.E., Bouzouggar, A., Humphrey, L.T., Berridge, P., Collcutt, S.N., Gale, R., Parfitt, S., Parker, A.G., Rhodes, E.J. & Schwenninger, J-L. 2008. Human burial evidence from Hattab II Cave and the question of continuity in Late Pleistocene-Holocene mortuary practices in Northwest Africa. Cambridge Journal of Archaeology 18, 195–214.
  • Ashton, N, Lewis, S.G., Parfitt, S.A., Penkman, K.E.H. & Coope, G.R. 2008. New evidence for complex climatic change in MIS 11 from Hoxne, Suffolk, UK. Quaternary Science Reviews 27, 652–668.
  • Parfitt, S. 2008. A tree frog (Hyla sp.) from the West Runton Freshwater Bed (early Middle Pleistocene), Norfolk, and its palaeoenvironmental significance. Quaternary Newsletter 114, 20–27.
  • Parfitt, S.A. 2008. Pakefield Cliffs: Archaeology and palaeoenvironment of the Cromer Forest-bed Formation. In: I. Candy, J.R. Lee & A.M Harrison (Eds.), The Quaternary of Northern East Anglia. Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 130–136.
  • Ashton, N., Parfitt, S., Lewis, S.G., Coope, G.R. & Larkin, N. 2008. Happisburgh 1 (TG388307). In: I. Candy, J.R. Lee & A.M Harrison (Eds.), The Quaternary of Northern East Anglia. Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 151–156.
  • Preece, R.C. & Parfitt, S.A. 2008. The Cromer Forest-bed Formation: some recent developments relating to early human occupation and lowland glaciation. In: I. Candy, J.R. Lee & A.M Harrison (Eds.) The Quaternary of Northern East Anglia. Field Guide. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 60–83.
  • Ashton, N, Lewis, S.G., Parfitt, S.A., Penkman, K.E.H. & Coope, G.R. 2008. New evidence for complex climatic change in MIS 11 from Hoxne, Suffolk, UK: implications for land-ocean correlations and Palaeolithic archaeology. In: D.R. Bridgland, N.R. Colledge & B.N. Silva (Eds.), Quaternary of the British Isles and Adjoining Seas. Abstracts for Meeting. Quaternary Research Association, London, pp. 9.
Simon Parfitt

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