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  • Christopher Scull
  • Visiting Professor
  • c.scull@ucl.ac.uk
  • UCL Institute of Archaeology, 31-34 Gordon Square, London WC1H 0PY UK

Christopher Scull

Graduated in Archaeology and Anthropology from Cambridge University and after postgraduate study at Oxford University Institute of Archaeology held posts as a Lecturer in Archaeology at Durham University and then at The Institute of Archaeology, University College London, before moving as Fieldwork Manager to Essex County Council’s Field Archaeology Group. Joined English Heritage as an archaeologist in 1993. Between 2002 and 2005 was Head of Historic Environment Commissions. From 2005 until 2010 was Research Director, responsible for delivery of Research Strategy & Agenda, heading a Department of 150 staff across the range of historic environment research specialisms. Left English Heritage in July 2010 to pursue a portfolio of research and consultancy interests. Honorary Visiting Professor at the Department of Archaeology & Conservation, Cardiff University, and at the Institute of Archaeology, University College London. Fellow and Council Member (Trustee) of the Society of Antiquaries of London, Member of the Institute for Archaeologists, and Committee Member of the Internationales Sachsensymposion. Has served on the Advisory Panel of the AHRC / ESPRC Science & Heritage Programme, the DCMS Science & Research Advisory Committee, and the Editorial Board of the journal Early Medieval Europe. Wide experience of fieldwork and publication in the UK and Europe, and has an international research profile in early medieval archaeology. Experienced project and programme manager and has a track record of promoting integration and inter-disciplinarity in historic environment research and management.

Research Interests

  • Early Medieval Europe
  • Material culture and society in England 5th-8th centuries CE
  • Mortuary archaeology and early medieval burial practices
  • Refining archaeological chronologies
  • Inter-disciplinary approaches to the study of the past


  • With A. Bayliss, J. Hines, K. Høilund Nielsen and G. McCormac, Anglo-Saxon graves and grave goods of the sixth and seventh centuries AD: a chronological framework. Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 33
  • ‘Ipswich:contexts of funerary evidence from an urban precursor of the seventh century AD.’ In D. Bates and R. Liddiard (eds), East Anglia and its North Sea world in the Middle Ages, 218-229. Woodbridge: Boydell
  • ‘Die Bekehrung der Angelsachsen’. In C. Stiegmann, M. Kroker and W. Walter (eds), CREDO. Christianisierung Europas im Mittelalter Band I, 192-201. Petersberg: Michael Imhof


  • ‘Social transactions, gift-exchange, and power in the archaeology of the fifth to seventh centuries.’ In H. Hamerow, D. Hinton and S. Crawford (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Anglo-Saxon Archaeology, 848-864. Oxford: Oxford University Press
  • ‘Foreign identities in burials at the seventh-century English emporia.’ In S. Brookes, S. Harrington and A. Reynolds (eds), Studies in early Anglo-Saxon art and archaeology: papers in honour of Martin G. Welch, 82-87. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports 527


  • Early medieval (late 5th – early 8th centuries AD) cemeteries at Boss Hall and Buttermarket, Ipswich, Suffolk . Leeds: Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph 27
  • ‘The Human Burials’ in S. Lucy, J. Tipper and A. Dickens, The Anglo-Saxon Settlement and Cemetery at Bloodmoor Hill, Carlton Colville, Suffolk , 385-426. Cambridge: East Anglian Archaeology Report 131


  • ‘Ipswich: development and contexts of an urban precursor in the seventh century’. In B. Hård and L. Larsson (eds), Central Places in the Migration and Merovingian Periods, 303-315. Lund: Uppåkrastudier 6


  • ‘Local and regional identities and processes of state formation in fifth- to seventh-century England: some archaeological problems’. In B. Arrhenius (ed.), Kingdoms and Regionality: transactions from the 49 Sachsensymposium 1998 in Uppsala, 121-125. Stockholm: Stockholm University Archaeological Research Laboratory
  • ‘Burials at emporia in England’. In D. Hill and R. Cowie (eds), Wics: the early medieval trading centres of northern Europe, 67-74. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press


  • ‘How the dead live: some current approaches to the mortuary archaeology of England in the fifth to eighth centuries AD’, Archaeological Journal 157, 399-406


  • ‘Social archaeology and Anglo-Saxon kingdom origins’, Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History 10, 17-24
  • With A. Bayliss: ‘Dating burials of the seventh and eighth centuries: a case-study from Ipswich, Suffolk.’ In J. Hines, K. Høilund Nielsen and F. Siegmund (eds), The pace of change: studies in early medieval chronology, 80-88. Oxford: Oxbow
  • With A. Bayliss: ‘Radiocarbon dating and Anglo-Saxon graves’. In U. von Freeded, U. Koch and A. Wieczorek (eds), Völker an Nord- und Ostsee und die Franken. Akten des 48 Sachsensymposiums in Mannheim vom 7 bis 11 September 1997, 39-50. Bonn: Rudolph Habelt


  • ‘Migration Theory and Early England: some contexts and dynamics of cultural change’, Studien zur Sachsenforschung 11, 177-185


  • ‘Urban centres in pre-Viking England?’. In J. Hines (ed.), The Anglo-Saxons from the Migration Period to the eighth century: an ethnographic perspective, 269-310. Woodbridge: Boydell


  • ‘Approaches to material culture and social dynamics of the Migration Period in eastern England’. In J. Bintliffe and H. Hamerow (eds), Europe between Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages: recent archaeological and historical research in western and southern Europe, 71-83. Oxford: BAR S617
  • With C.C. Haselgrove: ‘The changing structure of rural settlement in southern Picardie during the first millennium AD’. In J. Bintliffe and H. Hamerow (eds), Europe between Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages: recent archaeological and historical research in western and southern Europe, 58-70. Oxford: BAR S617


  • ‘Archaeology, early Anglo-Saxon society and the origins of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms’, Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History 6, 65-82


  • ‘Before Sutton Hoo: structures of power and society in early East Anglia’. In M.O.H. Carver (ed.), The age of Sutton Hoo: the seventh century in north-western Europe, 3-23. Woodbridge: Boydell
  • ‘Excavation and survey at Watchfield, Oxfordshire, 1983-92’, Archaeological Journal 149, 124-281
  • ‘Balances and weights from Anglo-Saxon graves: implications for the contexts of exchange’, Studien zur Sachsenforschung 8, 97-102
  • With C.C. Haselgrove: ‘The Romanization and de-Romanization of Belgic Gaul: the rural settlement evidence’. In M. Wood and F.M.V.R. Queiroga (eds), Current research on aspects of the Romanization of the western provinces, 9-24. Oxford: BAR S575


  • ‘Post-Roman phase 1 at Yeavering: a re-consideration’, Medieval Archaeology 35, 51-63


  • ‘Scales and weights in early Anglo-Saxon England’, Archaeological Journal 147, 183-215
  • With A.F. Harding: ‘Two early medieval cemeteries at Milfield, Northumberland’, Durham Archaeological Journal 6, 1-29


  • ‘Excavations in the cloister of St Frideswide’s Priory, 1985’, Oxoniensia 53, 21-73. [Reprinted in W.J. Blair (ed.), St Frideswide’s monastery at Oxford: archaeological and architectural studies (1990)]


  • ‘A sixth-century grave containing a balance and weights from Watchfield, Oxfordshire, England’, Germania 64, 105-38
  • ‘‘With C. Mortimer and M. Pollard: ‘Analysis of Anglo-Saxon copper-alloy finds from Watchfield, Oxfordshire’, Journal of Historical Metallurgy 20 (1986), 36-42


  • ‘Further evidence from East Anglia for enamelling on early Anglo-Saxon metalwork’, Anglo-Saxon Studies in Archaeology and History 4 (1985), 117-24

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