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Andrew Gardner

Research Interests

  • The archaeology of the Roman world and early Medieval Europe, with a particular focus on Britain.
  • Social theory in archaeology, including issues of identity, temporality, and materiality.
  • Uses of texts and material culture in historical archaeologies.
  • Cultural change and ‘collapse’.
  • Approaches to violence and warfare in past societies.
  • The history of Anglo-American archaeological thought in a global context.

[Listen to a podcast about Andrew's recent talk on time at Big Ideas]

Research Directory Records

Current Field Projects

Educational Background

  • 2001: PhD Archaeology – Institute of Archaeology , UCL
  • 1997: MA Archaeology – Institute of Archaeology , UCL
  • 1995: BA Archaeology (General) – Institute of Archaeology , UCL.

Books and edited volumes

  • Gardner, A. in prep. Roman Britain. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan (Palgrave History of Britain)
  • Gardner, A., Lake, M. and Sommer, U. (eds.) in prep. Oxford Handbook of Archaeological Theory. Oxford: O.U.P.
  • Brewer, R. and Gardner, A. in prep. The Roman Fortress at Caerleon. Stroud: Tempus.
  • Gardner, A., Herring, E. and Lomas, K. (eds.) (2013). Creating Ethnicities and Identities in the Roman World. London: Institute of Classical Studies.
  • Cochrane, E. and Gardner, A. (eds.) (2011). Evolutionary and Interpretive Archaeologies: a dialogue. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.
  • Gardner, A. (2007). An Archaeology of Identity: soldiers and society in late Roman Britain. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.
  • Gardner, A. (ed.) (2004). Agency Uncovered: archaeological perspectives on social agency, power, and being human. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press .
  • Carruthers, M., Driel-Murray, C. van, Gardner, A., Lucas, J., Revell, L. and Swift, E (eds.) (2002). TRAC 2001: Proceedings of the 11th Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
  • Davies, G., Gardner, A. and Lockyear, K. (eds.) (2001). TRAC 2000: Proceedings of the 10th Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference Oxford: Oxbow Books.

Research papers

  • Gardner, A. in prep. Changing Materialities. In M. Millett, A. Moore and L. Revell (eds.) The Oxford Handbook to Roman Britain. Oxford: O.U.P.
  • Gardner, A. (2013). Thinking about Roman imperialism: postcolonialism, globalization and beyond? Britannia, 44, 1-25.
  • Gardner, A. (2012). Time and empire in the Roman world. Journal of Social Archaeology, 12.2, 145-166.
  • Gardner, A. (2012). Strategy games and engagement strategies. In C. Bonacchi (ed.) Archaeologists and the Digital: towards strategies of engagement, 38-49. London: Archetype.
  • Gardner, A. (2011). Action and structure in interpretive archaeologies. In E. Cochrane and A. Gardner (eds.) Evolutionary and Interpretive Archaeologies: a dialogue, 63-82. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.
  • Gardner, A. and Cochrane, E. (2011). Introduction. In E. Cochrane and A. Gardner (eds.) Evolutionary and Interpretive Archaeologies: a dialogue, 11-29. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.
  • Gardner, A. (2011). Paradox and praxis in the archaeology of identity. In L. Amundsen-Meyer, N. Engel and S. Pickering (eds.) Identity Crisis: Archaeological Perspectives on Social Identity. Proceedings of the 42nd (2009) Chacmool Conference, 11-26. Calgary: Chacmool Archaeology Association.
  • Gardner, A. and Guest, P. (2010). Exploring Roman Caerleon: new excavations at the legionary fortress of Isca. Archaeology International, 12, 47-51.
  • Gardner, A. and Guest, P. (2009). Fortress Isca. Current Archaeology, 226, 31-37. 
  • Gardner, A. (2008). Agency. In R.A. Bentley, H.D.G. Maschner and C. Chippindale (eds.) Handbook of Archaeological Theories, 95-108. Walnut Creek: AltaMira Press.
  • Sillar, B., Gardner, A., Sommer, U. and Meaton, C. (2008) The West Dean Archaeological Project: research and teaching in the Sussex Downs. Archaeology International, 10 (for 2006/7), 54-57.
  • Gardner, A. (2007) Soldiers and spaces: daily life in late Roman forts. In L. Lavan, E. Swift and T. Putzeys (eds.) Objects in Context, Objects in Use: material spatiality in late Antiquity (Late Antique Archaeology 5), 657-683. Leiden: E.J. Brill.
  • Gardner, A. (2007). The past as playground: the ancient world in video game representation. In T. Clack and M. Brittain (eds.) Archaeology and The Media, 255-272. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.
  • Gardner, A. (2007). The social identities of soldiers: boundaries and connections in the later Roman world. In R. Roth and J. Keller (eds.) Roman by Integration: dimensions of group identity in material culture and text, 93-103. Portsmouth, RI : JRA Supplementary Series, no. 66.
  • Gardner, A. (2007). Fluid Frontiers: cultural interaction on the edge of empire. Stanford Journal of Archaeology, 5, [Publisher's website]
  • Gardner, A. (2007). Artefacts, contexts and the archaeology of social practices. In R. Hingley and S. Willis (eds.) Promoting Roman Finds: context and theory, 128-139. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
  • Gardner, A. (2006). The Future of TRAC. In B. Croxford, H. Goodchild, J. Lucas and N. Ray (eds.) TRAC 2005: Proceedings of the 15th Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, 128-136. Oxford: Oxbow.
  • Gardner, A. (2004). Roman archaeology in the 21st century. Papers from the Institute of Archaeology, 15, 6-8.
  • Gardner, A. (2004). Introduction: social agency, power, and being human. In A. Gardner (ed.) Agency Uncovered: archaeological perspectives on social agency, power, and being human, 1-15. London: UCL Press.
  • Gardner, A. (2004). Agency and community in 4th century Britain: developing the structurationist project. In A. Gardner (ed.) Agency Uncovered: archaeological perspectives on social agency, power, and being human, 33-49. London: UCL Press.
  • Koerner, S. and Gardner, A. (2003). Human rights, cultural identity, and the status of ethics in contemporary epistemology and ontology. World Archaeological Bulletin, 17, 60-68.
  • Gardner, A. (2003). Seeking a material turn: the artefactuality of the Roman empire . In G. Carr, E. Swift and J. Weekes (eds.) TRAC 2002: Proceedings of the 12th Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, 1-13. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
  • Gardner, A. (2002). Social identity and the duality of structure in late Roman-period Britain. Journal of Social Archaeology, 2.3, 323-351.
  • Gardner, A. (2001). The times of archaeology and archaeologies of time. Papers from the Institute of Archaeology, 12, 35-47.
  • Gardner, A. (2001). Identities in the late Roman army: material and textual perspectives. In G. Davies, A. Gardner and K. Lockyear (eds.) TRAC 2000: Proceedings of the 10th Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, 35-47. Oxford: Oxbow Books.
  • Gardner, A. (1999). Military identities in late Roman Britain. Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 18.4, 403-418
  • Cooke, N., Gardner, A. and Thomas, G. (1997). Report on excavations at Sedgeford, Norfolk, 1996. Papers from the Institute of Archaeology, 8, 17-36.
  • Cooke, N. and Gardner, A. (1997). Late Saxon Christian cemetery on Boneyard. In N. Faulkner (ed.) Sedgeford Historical and Archaeological Research Project 1996: First Interim Report. Norfolk Archaeology, 42 (IV), 532-535.

Reviews

  • Gardner, A. in press. Review of 'TRAC 2009: Proceedings of the 19th Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference' (ed. A. Moore et al.). Britannia 43 (2012).
  • Gardner, A. (2012). Review of 'Late Roman Towns in Britain' (A. Rogers, 2011). Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 22(2), 307-308.
  • Gardner, A. (2010). Review of 'Roman Imperialism and Local Identities' (L. Revell, 2009). Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 20(2), 269-270.
  • Gardner, A. (2009). Review of 'Britannia Prima: Britain's Last Roman Province' (R. White, 2007). Britannia, 40, 395-396.
  • Gardner, A. (2008). Review of 'Romanitas: Essays on Roman Archaeology in Honour of Sheppard Frere on the Occasion of his 90th Birthday’ (R. Wilson (ed.) 2006). Britannia, 39, 413-414.
  • Gardner, A. (2008). Playing with the past: a review of three ‘archaeological’ pc games. European Journal of Archaeology, 10(1), 74-77.
  • Gardner, A. (2007). Review of ‘Globalizing Roman Culture’ (R. Hingley, 2005). Britannia, 38, 389-390.
  • Gardner, A. (2007). Review of ‘Britannia’ (J. Creighton, 2006). Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 17.1, 116-117.
  • Gardner, A. (2006). Review of 'Rome and its Frontiers: the dynamics of empire' (C.R. Whittaker, 2004). Britannia, 37, 520-521.
  • Gardner, A. (2006). Review of 'Roman Working Lives and Urban Living' (A. MacMahon and J. Price (eds.) 2005). Journal of Roman Studies, 96, 233-234.
  • Gardner, A. (2005). Review of 'Dying for the Gods' (M. Aldhouse-Green, 2002). European Review of History, 12(3), 483-485.
  • Gardner, A. (2004). Review of ‘Archaeology and Modernity’ (J. Thomas, 2004). Papers from the Institute of Archaeology, 15, 118-21.
  • Gardner, A. (2004). Roman Military Equipment: a review of ‘Lorica Segmentata’ (M.C. Bishop, 2002), ‘Weapons of the Romans’ (M. Feugère, 2002) and ‘Roman Cavalry Equipment’ (I.P. Stephenson & K.R. Dixon, 2003). Antiquity, 78 (299), 200-203.
  • Gardner, A. (2003). Debating the health of Roman archaeology: a review of ‘Whither Roman Archaeology?’, a day conference held at the University of London, 16/11/02. Journal of Roman Archaeology, 16, 435-441.
  • Gardner, A. (2002). Review of ‘Eagles Over Britannia’ (G. de la Bédoyère, 2001). English Historical Review, 117, No. 473, 937-938.
  • Gardner, A. (2001). Review of ‘The Golden Age of Roman Britain’ (G. de la Bédoyère, 1999) and ‘The Decline and Fall of Roman Britain’ (N. Faulkner, 2000). Papers from the Institute of Archaeology, 12, 141-144.

 Current students

  • Susheela Crease An investigation of the practise of deposition in watery contexts in the British pre Roman Iron Age-Roman transition (joint principal supervisor with Sue Hamilton)
  • Tina Paphitis The folklore of archaeology: public perceptions, identity and engagement with 'Arthurian' sites (second supervisor Ulrike Sommer)
  • Ryan Perry Middle Assyrian Glyptic: art, empire and identity (joint principal supervisor with Mark Altaweel)
  • Michelle Statton Dress, adornment and identity in Late Iron Age and Roman Britain (50BC - AD 410) (second supervisors Sally Worrell and Roger Bland [BM])

Second Supervisor

  • Rhiannon Comeau Land, people and power in early Medieval Wales: the cantref of Cemais in comparative perspective (principal supervisor Andrew Reynolds)
  • Sarah Dhanjal Is there a role for archaeology in diverse urban communites? (principal supervisor Tim Schadla-Hall)
  • Nicky Garland An analysis of the Early Urban landscape in the Late Iron Age (principal supervisor Sue Hamilton; tertiary supervisor Dominic Perring)
  • Kerrie Pezzo ‘Weekend Warriors’: Re-enactors, Living Historians, National Narratives and the Value of ‘Authenticity’ in the US and UK (principal supervisor Kevin MacDonald)
  • Tom Williams Aspects of ritual warfare in early Medieval Britain (principal supervisor Andrew Reynolds)

Completed PhD Students

  • Hilary Orange Public Perceptions of Cornish mining landscapes (second supervisor Sue Hamilton)
  • Anna Razeto A comparative study of cities: Rome and Han China (second supervisors Dominic Perring and Tao Wang)
  • Jay Rees Settlement Patterns in Roman Galicia from 27BC - AD 409 (second supervisors Stuart Brookes and Andrew Reynolds)
  • Meredith Wiggins Roman households: Space, status and identity (second supervisor Bill Sillar)
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