- BA, MPhil, PhD, FSA, FLS
- Professor of Archaeobotany
- Section Co-ordinator: Archaeological Sciences
- Executive Director (UK): International Centre for Chinese Heritage and Archaeology
- Committee of International Work Group of Palaeoethnobotany
- Contributor to Degree Programme: MA Archaeology and Heritage of Asia (new for 2013/14)
- Contributor to Degree Programme: MSc in Environmental Archaeology
- Course Co-ordinator: ARCL2009 Plants and Archaeology
- Course Co-ordinator: ARCL3042 Origins of Agriculture
- Course Co-ordinator: ARCL3050 Issues in the archaeology of Nubia
- Course Co-ordinator: ARCLG101 Archaeobotanical Analysis in Practice
- Course Co-ordinator: ARCLG187 Resources and Subsistence
- Winner of Antiquity's Ben Cullen Prize 2012. Read more»
- Archaeobotany. Human Plant Use in Prehistory, reconstructing agricultural systems, approaches to interpreting archaeobotanical evidence and its integration with theoretical issues in archaeology.
- Origins and Spread of Agriculture. Plant domestication, including work in Asia and Africa
- South Asia. Prehistory, Protohistory, environmental history.
- Neolithic China
- Nubia and Sudan
- Archaeological theory, in Environmental Archaeology and the history of thought with regard to Sudanic and South Asian archaeology.
- The Anthropocene
Research Directory Records
- Comparative Pathways to Agriculture (ComPAg)
- Early Rice Project
- The Impact of Evolving of Rice Systems from China to Southeast Asia
- Indus Geomorphology
- Modelling Domestication
- Neanderthals and Modern Humans in the Palaeolithic of Europe and Western Asia
- Out of Africa, Into Asia
- Pleistocene Hunter-Gatherer subsistence in Sri Lanka
- Shahrizor Research Project
- Editor-in-Chief (joint), Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences
- Editorial Board, Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution
- Editorial Board, The Anthropocene Review (Sage)
- Editorial Board, Japanese Journal of Archaeology
- Editorial Board, PLoSone
- Editorial Board, Springer Briefs in Earth Sciences
- Editorial Board. Oxford Research Reviews for Archaeology
- Section Editor (Environmental Archaeology), Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology (Springer).
Blog: the archaeobotanist
- Lowell High School, San Francisco
- BA, Yale University, 1995, double major in Anthropology and Organismal Biology.
- Honours thesis (Anthropology). Problems in the Archaeology of Meroitic and Post-Meroitic Nubia:Theoretical and Methodological Issues
- Honours thesis (Org. Bio.). Systematics and Leaf Architecture of Gunnera.
- M.Phil, Cambridge, Archaeology, 1997
- M. Phil thesis. The Emergence of Agricultural Economies in India: A Reconsideration of the Bio-archaeological Evidence
- PhD Thesis submitted Dec. 1999, Cambridge, examined March 2000, approved May 2000.The Emergence of Agricultural Societies in South India: Botanical and Archaeological Perspectives.
Research Projects and Fieldwork
- The Early Rice Project: Comprising The Impact of Evolving of Rice Systems from China to Southeast Asia (NERC-research grant 2013-2016) and previously The Identification of Arable Rice systems in Prehistory.
- Comparative Pathways to Agriculture (ComPAg). European Research Council Advanced Grant project (2013-2018)
- Collaborator on SEALINKS- Multi-disciplinary perspectives on the prehistoric emergence of long-distance trade in the Indian Ocean area, an ERC-funded projected (Principle Investigator, Dr. Nicole Boivin, Oxford University). [project website]
- Archaeobotanical studies from Late Neolithic Baligang, Henan Province, China. Excavations of Peking University. Archaeobotanical research supported by the ICCHA (UCL-PKU).
- Archaeobotany from settlement surveys in the Upper Ying, Yi and Luo River Valleys, Henan (Henan Provincial Institute of Archaeology & PKU)
- The Archaeobotany of Tian Luo Shan: An investigation of foraging and rice cultivation in the Hemudu Neolithic culture (Yangzi Delta, China) (excavations of the Zhejiang Pronvincial Institute of Archaeology).
- The archaeobotany of Chuodun and Caoxieshan, Neolithic Paddy-field sites near Suzhou, China (excavations of the Suzhou Museum).
- The archaeobotany of Maoshan. Liangzhu era paddyfield site near Hangzhou (excavations of the Zhejiang Pronvincial Institute of Archaeology).
- Jarmo Neolithic excavations and archaeobotany, Iraqi Kurdistan (2012-)
- Archaeobotany of Shahirizor Research Project, Iraqi Kurdistan (2012-)
- Archaeobotany of Catalhoyuk, Konya Plains, Turkey (2012-)
- Archaeobotany of Ziyaret Tepe, Turkey, Assyrian Period.
- Archaeobotany of the South Indian Neolithic and joint director of the of Bellary Archaeological Research project.
- Archaeobotany of Neolithic-Chalcolithic coastal Orissa, in collaboration with Professor Rabi Mohanty of Deccan College. This is now being pursued as part of the Early Rice Project
- Archaeobotany of coastal ports in northern Sri Lanka (Mantai, Kantharodai, Karinda). This is being pursued as part of the Early Rice Project and the SEALINKS project (Oxford).
- Archaeobotany of ancient Hund, Pakistan, in collaboration with Dr. Ihsan Ali, University of Peshawar
- Archaeobotany of ancient Paithan, Maharashtra, India, project of the Society for South Asian Studies, directed by Dr. Derek Kennet (Durham).
- Archaeobotany of the Garhwal Himalaya, Uttranchal, India in collaboration with Professor Vinod Nautiyal, Dept. of Archaeology, University of Garhwal
- Archaeobotany of the Vindhyan Neolithic, in collaboration with Professor JN Pal, University of Allahabad
- Archaeobotany of Early Historic sites in Southern Tamil Nadu and Kerala, including Pattanam Project of the Kerala Council for Historical Research.
- Archaeobotany of Neolithic Golbai Sassan and Gopalpur, Orissa (with Rabi Mohanty, Deccan College).
- Archaeobotany of Bangladesh, in collaboration with Mizanur Rahman, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka
- Archaeobotany and Ethnobotany of the Gamo Highlands, Southern Ethiopia, part of the Gamo-Baroda Project of Kathryn and John Arthur and Matthew Curtis (2011-.
- Contributions on the archaeobotany of the Swahili coast and islands in collaboration with the SEALINKS project (Oxford).
- Artefact analysis and monograph preparation: Arminna West: The Late Nubian Necropolis and Buildings Excavated 1963, Publications of the Pennsylvania-Yale Expedition to Egypt, no. 7. Peabody Museum of Natural History and the University Museum of Pennsylvania (New Haven and Philadelphia).
- Bio-Archaeology and Archaeological Survey (1997), Wadi Muqaddam, central Sudan, Sudan Archaeological Research Society, project directors: Michael Mallinson and Dr. Lawrence Smith (Cambridge).
- The Archaeobotany of the Napatan city of Kawa (Sudan), excavated by Sudan Archaeological Research Society/ British Museum expedition, directed by Derek Welsby.
- Rescue archaeology of the proposed Hamdab Dam reservoir, Sudan: SARS Amri-Kirbekan expedition, co-directed with Derek Welsby (British Museum) [2003-04]
- Environmental Archaeology of Volubilis, Morocco. UCL joint project with Ministry of Culture, Morocco, including excavations of the early Islamic town, directed by Elisabeth Fentress and Hassan Limane. [2001-2006]
- Archaeobotany (mainly plant impressions) from later Prehistoric sites of Dhar Nema (Southwest Mauritania), from fieldwork by Dr. Kevin MacDonald and Dr. Robert Vernet.
- "Crop dispersal and agricultural adaptation in the Libyan Sahara," NERC-funded research project (co-investogator with Professor David Mattingley, University of Leceister), being pursued with PhD student Ruth Pelling. [2003-2007]
- "Reassessing ancient Egyptian crops, crop husbandry and the agrarian landscape," AHRB-funded research project (co-investigator with Professor Peter Ucko), with post-doctoral research fellow Mary Anne Murray (from October 2003-2006)
- Co-organiser (with Dr. Mary Anne Murray) of the 5th International Workshop for African Archaeobotany here at the Institute on 2-5 July 2006. Now preparing the proceedings for publication.
- Archaeobotany (mainly plant impressions) from later Prehistoric sites of the Tilemsi Valley, Mali (fieldwork of Kate Manning)
- Archaeobotany of Islamic Essouk, NE Mali (fieldwork of Sam Nixon).
- Archaeobotany of Iron Age sites in Rwanda (fieldwork of John Giblin).
- Co-Investigator on "Was barley locally adapted to drought conditions in ancient Nubia?" A NERC-Funded projected projectm with principle investigator, Dr. Robin Allaby, University of Warwick. [2009-2012]
- Rebecca Beardmore. Understanding Late Bronze and Early Iron Age land use and subsistence strategies in Kazakhstan: an approach using geoarchaeology and phytolith analysis. (Second supervisor: Stephen Shennan)
- Andie Byrnes The development of early food producing economies in Egypt: A comparative study (Second supervisor: Andrew Reid).
- Louis Champion. A ceramic and archaeobotanical study of food and drink evolution in the African Savannah – Forest transition. (Second supervisor: Kevin MacDonald)
- Lara Gonzalez Carretero. An archaeobotanical perspective on changing cuisine: cooking practices, minor foods and condiments at Çatalhöyük. (Second supervisor: Karen Wright)
- Ellie Kingwell Banham Early rice agricultural systems in India (Second supervisor: Julia Shaw)
- Hanna Sosnowska. Is there a diagnostic Mesolithic period in India? Late Pleistocene and Holocene Lithics of Bhimbetka and Central India. (Second supervisor: Kevin MacDonald).
- Anne de Vareilles Sommieres. When to farm and how to farm, that is the question. An archaeobotanical perspective on the Mesolithic to Neolithic transition in the Western Balkans. (Joint supervisor with Marc Vander Linden)
- Yvette Balbaligo Earthenware pottery from Ille Cave, Palawan, the Philippines: local change and regional connections (Principal supervisor: Bill Sillar)
- Sarah Foster The Neolithic transition in the Nile Valley: modelling social networks (Principal supervisor: David Wengrow)
- Ying Zhang Animal procurement strategies in Neolithic of the Yangtze River Basin: Zooarchaeological and Ecological Approaches (Principal supervisor: Louise Martin)
- Brian Hole The use of archaeology by Indigenous Tribes and the Nation State in India to reinforce and create national identities. (Principal supervisor: Tim Schadla-Hall)
- Michael Brass The archaeology of social organisation at Jebel Moya: 5th to 1st millennium BC (Principal supervisor: Kevin MacDonald)
- Sally McAleely. Arranged Plant Material as Material Culture: Featuring Archaeobotanical Remains from Ancient Egypt, colloquially known as 'Flower Arranging. (Principal supervisor: Stephen Quirke)
- Sureshkumar Muthukumaran. An Ecology of Trade: Tropical Cultivars, Commensals and Fauna between the Near East and South Asia in the 1st Millennium BC. (Principal supervisor: Karen Radner, History Department)
Completed PhD students
- Cristina Castillo The archaeobotany of Khao Sam Kaeo: Assessing the agriculture resource base and human occupation of a Late Prehistoric Site on the Thai-Malay Peninsula (Second supervisor: Vince Pigott)
- Leilani Lucas (nee Espinda) Economy and interaction: Exploring archaeobotanical contributions in Prehistoric Cyprus (Second supervisors: Sue Colledge, Cyprian Broodbank). Submitted 2012
- Jixiang Song The Agricultural economy during the Longshan period: An archaeobotanical perspective from Shandong and Shanxi (Second supervisor: Tao Wang). Submitted 2011
- Brigitte Balanda, Development of royal funerary traditions along the Middle Nile Valley during the Napatan period. (Second supervisor: John Tait). Submitted 2011.
- Charlene Murphy Pompeii, A changing city: The archaeobotanical analysis of Regio VI Insula I, Pompeii Italy (Second supervisor: Kris Lockyear). Submitted 2010.
- Phillipa Ryan, Diversity of plant and land use during the Near Eastern Neolithic: phytolith perspectives from Çatalhöyük [as Secondary Supervisor, Primary supervisor: Arlene Rosen). Submitted 2010]
- Alison Weisskopf, Vegetation, agriculture and social change in Neolithic north central China, a phytolith study (Second supervisor: Arlene Rosen). Submitted 2009
- Meriel McClatchie, Arable agriculture and social organisation: a study of crops and farming systems in Bronze Age Ireland. (Second supervisor: Ken Thomas). Submitted 2008.
- Michelle Wollstonecroft, Post-harvest intensification in Late Pleistocene Southwest Asia: food processing as a critical variable in Epipalaeolithic subsistence systems and subsistence change. (Second supervisor: David Harris) Submitted 2007.
- Ruth Pelling, Agriculture and trade amongst the Garamantes: 3000 years of archaeobotanical data from the Sahara and its margins. (Second supervisor: Elizabeth Fentress). Submitted 2007.
- Emma Harvey, Early Agricultural Communities in northern and eastern India. Emma Harvey (Second supervior: Arlene Rosen). Submitted 2006