Cristina Castillo

Research Interests

Archaeobotany of South-East Asia; urbanism; exchange and craft specialisation; political, economic and social landscape of Peninsular Thailand

Research Directory Records


  • 2007 - present: Project archaeobotanist for the Franco-Thai Mission in the Thai-Malay Peninsula (Primary Investivator: Dr. Bérénice Bellina [CNRS]), sites include Khao Sam Kaeo, Khao Sek, Na Sak, Phu Khao Thong and Thung Tako.
  • 2009-present: Archaeobotanical researcher for the 'Origins of Angkor' project (Primary Investigator: Dr. Nigel Chang [JCU]; Secondary Investigators: Dr. Kate Domett (JCU] and Dr. Bill Boyd [Southern Cross University], Dr Warrachai Wiriyaromp [Kasetsart University] and Dr Amphan Kijngam [FAD]) sites include Ban Non Wat, Ban Nong Hua Raet, and Ban Salao.
  • 2012 - present: Archaeobotanical researcher in Non Ban Jak, NE Thailand for the project 'From Paddy to Pura: the Origins of Angkor' (Lead investigators: Dr. Dougald O'Reilly [ANU] and Dr. Louise Shewan[University of Sydney]; Co-directors of the project in Thailand: Prof. Charles Higham [University of Otago] and Dr. Amphan Kijngam [FAD]).
  • 2012 - present: Archaeobotanical researcher in Sembiran and Pacung, Northern Bali for the project ' The Archaeology of the North Coast of Bali: a Strategic Crossroads in Early Trans-Asiatic Exchange' (Primary Investigator: Dr. Ambra Calo [ANU]).
  • 2012 - Archaeobotanical researcher in Rach Nui, Southern Vietnam for the project 'The Archaeological and Biological Foundations of Southeast Asia, 2500 to 1000 BC' (Primary Investigator: Prof. Peter Bellwood [ANU]; Secondary Investigators: Dr. Hsiao-chun Hung, Dr. Marc Oxenham and Dr. Philip Piper).

Educational Background

  • 2008 – 2013: PhD in Archaeology, Institute of Archaeology, UCL(AHRC Doctoral Studentship)
  • 2005 – 2006: MA History of Art and Archaeology, Major in Southeast Asia, SOAS, London
  • 2005 - 2006: Post-graduate degree in Asian Decorative Arts, British Museum, London
  • 1986 – 1990: BS Economics & BS Commerce, major in Marketing Management, De La Salle University, Manila(Scholarship ‘Beca Reina Sofia’ - Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs)

  • Castillo, C., (in preparation). Chapter 3: Archaeobotanical Results, in Khao Sam Kaeo: a late prehistoric early port-city between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. Bellina, B. (ed.).
  • Castillo, C., (in preparation). Chapter 2: Physical Geography, in Khao Sam Kaeo: a late prehistoric early port-city between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. Bellina, B. (ed.)
  • Bellina, B., Silapanth, P., Chaisuwan, B., Allen, J., Bernard, V., Borell, B., Bouvet, P., Castillo, C., Dussubieux, L., Malakie, J., Perronnet, S., Pryce, T.O. (in preparation). The development of coastal polities in the Upper Thai-Malay Peninsula of the late first millennium BCE and the inception of the long lasting economic and cultural exchange between the East of the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea, in Before Siam.
  • Castillo, C. & Fuller, D.Q. (in press). Bananas: the spread of a tropical forest fruit as an agricultural staple. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Food and Diet. Lee-Thorp, J. (ed.), OUP.
  • Fuller, D.Q. & Castillo, C. (in press). Diversification and cultural construction of a crop: the case of glutinous rice and waxy cereals in the food cultures of eastern Asia. The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of Food and Diet. Lee-Thorp, J. (ed.), OUP.
  • Fuller, D.Q. & Castillo, C. (in press). Rice (Oryza sativa L. and Oryza glaberrima Steud.) in Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology. C. Smith (general ed.) Springer.
  • Pryce, T.O., Bevan, A.H., Ciarla, R., Rispoli, F., Castillo, C., Hassett, B. and Malakie, J.L. (2013). Intensive Archaeological Survey in Southeast Asia: methodological and Mettallurgical Insights from Khao Sai On, Central Thailand. Asian Perspectives.
  • Castillo, C. (2011). Rice in Thailand: The Archaeobotanical Contribution. Rice.
  • Fuller, D.Q., Etten, J.v., Manning, K., Castillo, C., Kingwell-Banham, E., Weisskopf, A., Qin, L., Sato, Y.-I., Hijmans, R.J. (2011). The contribution of rice agriculture and livestock pastoralism to prehistoric methane levels: An archaeological assessment, The Holocene 21, 743-759.
  • Castillo, C. and D. Fuller (2010). Still too fragmentary and dependent upon chance? Advances in the study of early southeast Asian agriculture. Studies in Honour of Ian Glover. Bellina, B., J. Wisseman, E. Bacus and T.O. Pryce (eds.).
  • Fuller, D.Q., Sato, Y.-I., Castillo, C., Qin, L., Weisskopf, A.R., Kingwell-Banham, E.J., Song, J., Ahn, S.-M., Etten, J.v., (2010). Consilience of genetics and archaeobotany in the entangled history of rice, Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences 2, 115-131.
  • ‘Betel boxes from Lanao del Sur: A discussion on its origins’ From Homo Erectus to the Living Traditions: Choice of Papers from the 11th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists, 2008.
Cristina Castillo

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