Jixiang Song

The agricultural economy during Longshan period: an archaeobotancial perspective from Shandong and Shanxi

As the Longshan period represents an important phase in the transition from earlier Neolithic economies to the hierarchical societies of the Bronze Age in China, understanding agricultural production and its organization is important. This project will focus on examining agricultural and social changes during the Longshan period compared to earlier Yangshao period (5000-3000BC) and later Bronze Age; tracking regional variations which were probably due to effect of local environment; and identifying aspects of crop husbandry regimes by using weed ecological analysis.

Funding organisation

  • Kwoks' SHKP Foundation


 Educational background

  • BA, Archaeology, Shandong University, 1999-2003
  • MA, Archaeobotany, Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, 200-2007
  • PhD, Archaeobotany, Institute of Archaeology, UCL, 2007-2011

Jixiang Song, 2006. A Review of research on Setaria italica since the foundation of P.R. China. Agricultural Archaeology 4: 163-167, 203. [in Chinese]

Dorian Q Fuller, Yo-Ichiro Sato, Cristina Castillo, Ling Qin, Jixiang Song, Sung-mo Ahn, Jacob van Etten, 2010. Consilence of genetics and archaeobotany in the entangled history of rice. Archaeological and anthropological sciences 2: 115-131.


Per Lagerås, 2006. From regional to local: pollen analysis in Swedish archaeology. In Chinese and Swedish Archaeology: the collected works for the First Chinese and Swedish archaeology Forum, Institute of Archaeology, CASS and Department of Archaeological Excavations, Swedish National Heritage Board (eds.). Beijing: Science Press.

  • Threshing of Foxtani Millet

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