Anna Moles

Anna Moles

Urbanism and its impact on human health: a long-term study at Knossos, Crete

Using human skeletal material from the site of Knossos, Crete, my project aims to investigate the changing health, dietary and demographic characteristics of the population, through major cycles of urban development and decline.  Knossos is the earliest known urban centre in Europe and was a significant site within the Aegean and wider Mediterranean from c.2000 BC- 700 AD.  The significance of the changes in health and diet will be assessed by looking at the internal dynamics and the broader social and political context in terms of Knossos’ changing off-island importance within Aegean and East Mediterranean political and economic networks, rooting this research within the wider themes and current debates concerning urbanism, economy, demography, environment and migration in Crete and the Aegean.

Funding organisation

  • AHRC (via the London Arts and Humanities Partnership)


 Educational background

  • MA, Ancient History and Archaeology, University of St Andrews, 2011
  • MSc, Human Osteoarchaeology, University of Edinburgh, 2012

‘A preliminary study of the human skeletal remains from Hellenistic to Late Antique Knossos’.  1st Colloquium on Roman Crete Conference, The University of Nottingham, 2016.

‘Urbanism and its impact on human health and diet: a diachronic study of the human remains from Hellenistic to Late Antique Knossos, Crete’.  Necropolis Research Workshop on Mortuary Variability and Social Diversity in Ancient Greece, Netherlands Institute at Athens, 2016.

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