In lapide veritas? Lithic industries at the Mesolithic-Neolithic transition in the western Balkans
In Lapide Veritas? Lithic technology during spread of farming accross the western Balkans
My research is a part of the EUROFARM (Transmission of innovations: comparing and modelling the spread of farming practices in Europe) project, which aim is to investigate the spread and transmission of farming and associated technological innovations in the western Balkans in the 6th and 5th millennium cal. BC, through analysis of new data collections and agent-based modelling. Since farming in the western Balkans spread along two different routes, inland and coastal, data from those two main streams of diffusion will be compared.
The main objective of my thesis is to investigate the role of lithic technology in spread and local development of farming across the western Balkans. I am trying to explore that by assessing variability in lithic technologies, through study variation in raw material, blade production, retouched tools etc. This should enable to identify regional and/or chronological technological traditions. I will try to interpret those traditions in terms of transmission of technological traits (raw material, knapping techniques, general structure of the assemblages, toolkits, etc.). This can happen for instance through space between inland and coastal communities, or through time between late foragers and early farmers.
Data are collected by fieldwork in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro, analysis of new and old lithic museum collections, and re-evaluation of the literature. Regarding methodology, I am applying conventional method in lithic technological analysis – attribute analysis, recording technological traits of an artefact and raw material analysis, based on macroscopic identification of main groups, in colaboration with local geologists. In the initial phase each data collection is obsereved individually, while in the next step they will be compared using several statistical tests.
This will allow to observe lithic technology in small-scale areas: within sites, or geographical regions; and within large-scale areas: continental and coastal part of the western Balkans. Fianlly, working within the Eurofarm project will enable data on lithic technology to be firmly placed within their wider archaeological context and to be observed in relation to other farming practies.
I am also very interested in flintknapping, since I found it very helpful for better understanding of lithic technology and recognizing technological traits of artefacts.
ERC: European Research Council
- MA, Archaeology, University of Belgrade, 2013
- BA, Archaeology, University of Belgrade, 2008
Jovanović, I., 2014. Chipped Stone Industry of the 2013 Field Season from Kočićevo. In: I. Pandžić and M. Vander Linden (eds.), The Neolithic Site of Kočićevo in the Lower Vrbas Valley (Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina): Report of the 2009-2014 Field Seasons. Banja Luka: Filozofski fakultet Banja Luka, 63-83.
Jovanović, I., Pandžić, I., and Miracle, P. T., 2014. Chipped Stone Industries from Rastuša Cave (Teslić, Bosnia and Herzegovina). Banja Luka: Filozofski fakultet Banja Luka.