|Home||Excavations at H3||Sponsors||Archaeological Background||Staff Pages||Introduction|
Location and surroundings
The site of H3 is a low mound on the northern, inland edge of a peninsula, which stretches into the mudflats on the northern side of Kuwait Bay. The peninsula is known as Jazirat Dubaij.
Today, the site's surroundings appear empty and poor in vegetation, but there is evidence that the climate was slightly wetter when the site was occupied.
The location of Kuwait at the head of the Gulf means that anyone travelling by river and sea between Mesopotamia and the Arabian Gulf will pass nearby.
Although these days the sea is far to the south, separated by several kilometres of sediment, geomorphological studies suggest that it came right up to the south side of Jazirat Dubaij during the occupation of the site. A string of Late pre-Islamic or Early Islamic sites along that edge suggests that this was still the case during the 1st millennium AD.
The bay between the peninsula and the mainland is now filled with sabkha (salt flats). In the past, it could have been a sheltered lagoon, so H3 may have bordered a rich marine environment in antiquity, and was perhaps directly accessible by boat.
Fresh water can be found at nearby wells, now abandoned. These wells are found at Dubaij and Mughayrah, the former being under 3km distant. This would not have been considered a long distance to travel for water by the ancient inhabitants of the site.