|Discovery:||first mentioned, Gough, R.|
|History:||Westwood/1876, 70: `In Gough's Camden, ii. pl. 14, fig. 4, and in an article in the Archaeologia, vol .iv. p. 8, by Strange, a notice and figure are given of a stone standing, in the middle of the last century, at a little distance from the Caer Madoc, near Ystradfellte on Pen y Mynnid (represented in the accompanying figure 3 from Gough's figure). The stone appears however to be lost, as Jones simply reproduces the former delineation in his `Brecknockshire,' ii. p. 644, pl. 12, fig. 3, as does also Huebner (Inscript. Christ. Britan., p. 18, No. 51)'.|
Anon/1901, 66: `The stone which formerly stood at Penn-y-Mynydd, Ystradfellte, was some years ago removed by the late Mr. Richard Edwards, the owner of the land there, to his residence at Vedw Hir, near Llwydcoed (Aberdare), where it now remains'.
Macalister/1922, 210: `The Pen y Mynydd Ogham stone, after a sojourn at Fedw Hir, has at last found a resting place in Merthyr Tydfil Museum. I examined it there'.
Macalister/1945, 331: `This stone, originally at Pen y Mynydd, near Ystrad Fellte, was moved by the owner of the site to his garden at Fedw Hir House, but has at last found a home in the Museum of Merthyr Tydfil'.
|Geology:||Macalister/1945, 331: `red sandsone'.|
Nash-Williams/1950, 82: `Local Old Red sandstone'.
|Dimensions:||1.88 x 0.25 x 0.25 (converted from Macalister/1945)|
Nash-Williams/1950, 82: `The stone is in the Cyfarthfa Castle Museum at Merthyr Tydfil'.
Westwood/1876, 82: `It appears to have been a long square block'.
Macalister/1945, 331: `It is a block...tapering downward to a chisel edge'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 82: `Roughly quadrangular pillar-stone (top partly fractured away). 52 1/2" h. x 10 1/4" w. x 10 3/4" t.'.
|Condition:||incomplete , some|
Nash-Williams/1950, 331: `top partly fractured away'.
Nash-Williams' figures also appear to show the stone with three fracture lines.
|Crosses:||1: latin; outline; straight; plain; plain; none; outer curv; inc; plain|
Westwood/1876, 70--71: `having a cross with equal arms inscribed on one of its faces within a circle, the lower limb being carried to a considerable distance down the stone in two straight incised lines. In the spaces between the arms of the cross are small circular impressions, arranged so as to form four triangles, each composed of three impressions'.
Macalister/1945, 331--332: `On the face is a very rudely drawn cross, now broken at the top, but complete when the stone was drawn for Gough's Camden; the dots shewn in the angles of the cross in that drawing have no justificiation'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 82: `Ogam inscription and (? later) incised cross...(b) Incised linear Latin ring-cross with pairs of dots symmetrically disposed in the outer angles of the four quadrants and with a long round-ended outline stem below'.
|Rhys, J. (1896):||GLUVOCA|
Anon/1901 66 minor reference
|Macalister, R.A.S. (1922):||GL[U]V[O]C[!A]|
Macalister/1922 210 concise discussion
Macalister/1945 332 concise discussion
|Nash-Williams, V.E. (1950):||GLUVOCA[--] | I[--|
(? The stone) of Gluvoca[--] (PN).
Nash-Williams/1950 82, Fig. 59 concise discussion
|Orientation:||vertical up down|
|Position:||n/a ; arris ; beside cross ; undivided|
Macalister/1945, 332: `dexter angle of the cross marked face...and on the angle opposite to the inscription are some vowel-like notches'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 82: `incised along both angles of the face (? and originally across the top), starting from the left and reading upwards'.
Macalister/1945, 332: `punched'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 82: `incised'.
|Date:||400 - 599 (Nash-Williams/1950)|
Nash-Williams/1950, 82: `5th-6th century'.
|Language:||Incomplete Information (ogham)|
|Palaeography:||Westwood/1876, 70: `a few marks, which may either have been Oghams, or possibly represented the letters I V L'.|
Macalister/1922, 210: `I...verified Rhys's reading GLUVOCA, though I should be inclined to regard the A as really the first score of an I, the four remaining scores being lost by a fracture'.
Macalister/1945, 332: `The surface is chipped and all the vowels have gone, except the first notch of the final I. The initial GL are shewn on Gough's drawing...On the H-surface, there are some modern graffiti, and on the angle opposite, some vowel-like notches'.
Westwood/1876, 71: `a few marks, which may either have been Oghams, or possibly represented the letters'.