RATAS/1

Corpus Refs:none
Site:RATAS
Discovery:in/on structure, 1975 Fanning, T.
History:Fanning/1977, 14--16: `Discovered in 1975 during a routine clean-up of the interior of the ancient church at Ratass...[it] had been re-used and built into the sides of a nineteenth-century burial vault or tomb in the south-west corner of the church'.

Fanning also argues that the stone went through a phase of being used as `a sharpening stone for knives and other blades', before being `turned upside down' and a cross carved on it, possibly in the 10th or 11th centuries.

Geology:Fanning/1977, 14: `fine purple sandstone'.
Dimensions:1.45 x 0.34 x 0.2 (Fanning/1977)
Setting:on ground
Location:on site
The plates in Fanning/1977, indicate that stone is now placed upright outside the church.
Form:cross-marked
Condition:incomplete , some
Fanning/1977, 14, refers to some chipping and polishing which has damaged the stone.
Folklore:none
Crosses:1: latin; outline; straight; plain; plain; none; none; other; plain
Decorations:

Fanning/1977, 15: `on the opposite broad face to the Ogham and placed at the wider end of the pillar stone is a simple Latin cross composed of double grooves. It has closed terminals except at the stem which is open-ended'.

References


Inscriptions


RATAS/1/1

Readings

Fanning, T. (1977):[.]NMSILLANNMAQFATTILLOGG
Expansion:
[A]NM SILLANN MAQ FATTILLOGG
Fanning/1977 14 reading only
McManus, D. (1991):[.]NMSILLANNMAQFATTILLOGG[.]
Expansion:
[A]NM SILLANN MAQ FATTILLOGG[A]
Expansion:
[A]NM SILLANN MAQ FATTILLOGG[O]
McManus/1991 71 reading only

Notes

Orientation:vertical up
Position:n/a ; arris ; n/a ; undecorated
Fanning/1977, 15, argues that the cross is a much later addition to the stone.
Incision:inc
Date:700 - 899 (Fanning/1977)

800 - 899 (OCorrŠin/1977)

550 - 599 (McManus/1991)
McManus/1991, 71, 97, argues against the dating of Fanning and ” CorrŠin, preferring a date in the later sixth century.
500 - 900 (Ziegler/1994)
Ziegler/1994, 130--131, 232, dates the name ATTILLOGG to the period 700-900, and the name SILLANN to the period 500-900.
Language:Goidelic (ogham)
Ling. Notes:See McManus/1991, 71, 107, 117, 172, and pp. 80, 96, for the late date of the anm formula.
Palaeography:none
Legibility:good
Fanning/1977, 14: `the incisions are clear, regular and unweathered'.
Lines:1
Carving errors:0
Doubtful:no

Names

References