|Discovery:||recognised, 1894 Kermode, P.M.C.|
|History:||Kermode/1907, 121: `In 1894, as once before, it [the stone] had fallen from its position on the hedge at Port-y-Vullen on the road from Ramsey to Maughold Parish Church. While lying on its edge by the side of the road I happened to pass at a time when the light just caught and set out the inscription, which had never before been noticed. As soon as I could do so I had it removed to the Parish church, and...placed it in as sheltered a corner as possible'.|
Macalister/1949, 190: `now in the `Cross-house' at Maughold'.
|Geology:||Kermode/1907, 122: ` fine grained white trap rock which occurs in situ on the Port-y-vullen beach and as boulder slabs on the eastern slope of Barrule'.|
|Dimensions:||2.13 x 0.86 x 0.12 (converted from Kermode/1907)|
|Location:||Manx Museum, Douglas (Cat: MM 69)|
Macalister/1949, 190: `now in the cross-house at Maughold' (MM 69).
|Condition:||complete , good|
The stone is undamaged and in good condition.
|Crosses:||1: latin; outline; n/a; plain; ind; none; outer curv; angular; decorated|
Macalister/1949, 190: `On one face there are five hemispherical bosses, disposed so as to suggest a cross, which is further elaborated by a wheel and stem, and by prolongations of the cross-arms: but the space inside the wheel is left blank, except for the central boss'.
|Kermode, P.M.C. (1894):||CRUX | GURIA | T|
Kermode/1897 47--51 reading only
Kermode/1907 121--123 reading only
|Macalister, R.A.S. (1949):||CRUX | GURIA | T|
Jones/1990 29--44 reading only
Macalister/1949 190 reading only
|Cubbon, A.M. (1971):||CRUX | GURIA | T|
The cross of Guriat (PN).
Cubbon/1971 11 reading only
Cubbon/1982 262 reading only
|Position:||inc ; narrow ; n/a ; separated|
Kermode/1907, 122: `The inscription on the right edge, at a point fourteen inches from the top'.
Macalister/1949, 190: `cut in small letters'.
|Date:||800 - 899 (Kermode/1907)|
Dating based largely on identification of Guriat as the Gwriad mentioned in Welsh genealogies.
700 - 899 (Jackson/1953)
Jackson/1953, 189, offers no explanation of dating given, but the stone is discussed in a section dealing with the dropping of Latin terminations in Celtic names, which Jackson dates to after the seventh century.
700 - 899 (Kermode/1897)
Dated by style of cross, and lack of other ornament; the palaeography he dates to ninth century.
800 - 825 (Kermode/1910-1911)
Dated by form of the name and by the palaeography.
800 - 900 (Jones/1990)
Jones/1990, 29--44, accepts the identification of Guriat with Gwriad of the genealogies, thereby placing the stone in the ninth century.
Gwriad's son Merfyn dies in 844.
|Palaeography:||Kermode/1907, 122: `they consist of the usual Irish or British minuscules of the seventh to ninth centuries'.|
Cubbon/1982, 262: `Hiberno-British minuscule characters'.
The inscription is in Insular half-uncial. The two R's in the text have extended flourishes to the right, one angular the other curved.
Kermode/1907, 122: `The first word presents no difficulty. The second has the first and last two letters particularly clear...the others worn and interfered with by weathering and cracks along the edge of the stone'.