|Discovery:||in/on structure, 1856 workmen|
|History:||Westwood/1879, 175: `On taking down the old church at Penmachno, near Llanwrst, Caernarvonshire, several early and medieval inscribed and sculptured stones were discovered. … By the care of the Rev. H.L. Pryce, Rector of the parish, the stone has been securely placed within the church'. Macalister/1945, 369: `The first three [PMCH1/1, PMCH/2, PMCH/3] of the four stones preserved in the present church of Penmacho were discovered in taking down the old building'.|
Nash-Williams/1950, 92: `Found 'on taking down the old church''.
|Dimensions:||1.1 x 0.15 x 0.29 (converted from Macalister/1945)|
Macalister/1945, 369: `secured in a locked cupboard inside the entrance of the modern church'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 92: `Inside church against the N. wall of nave at W. end'.
Westwood/1879, 175: `a rude stone'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 92: `Part of a tall, roughly quadrangular pillar-stone (top fractured away)'.
|Condition:||incomplete , some|
Nash-Williams/1950, 92: `top fractured away'.
Macalister/1945, 371: `a fragment'.
|Decorations:||no other decoration|
|Westwood, J.O. (1871):||ORIAICIACIT|
ORIA IC IACIT
Westwood/1876 175 reading only
|Rhys, J. (1873):||--]ORIAICIACIT|
--]ORIA IC IACIT
Rhys/1873 10 reading only
|Macalister, R.A.S. (1945):||--]ORIAICIACIT|
--]ORIA IC IACIT
Macalister/1945 371--372 reading only
|Nash-Williams, V.E. (1950):||--]ORIAICIACIT|
--]ORIA (h)IC IACIT
--]oria (PN) lies here.
Nash-Williams/1950 92 reading only
|Position:||n/a ; narrow ; n/a ; undecorated|
Westwood/1876, 175: `a rude stone, on the upper portion of which was longitudinally inscribed the letters'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 92: `in one line reading vertically downwards'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 92: `partly picked and partly cut'.
|Date:||400 - 533 (Nash-Williams/1950)|
Nash-Williams/1950, 92: `5th-early 6th century A.D.'.
|Ling. Notes:||Westwood/1879, 175: `the misspelt words hic and jacet being however often met with thus spelt'.|
|Palaeography:||Westwood/1879, 175: `the whole being cut in Roman capitals rather debased in form, as of course they are in orthography...The letters measure from 2 to 3 inches in height, and they appear to have been partially at least inclosed above and below the letters by a thin incised line. There is a little abrasion at the left-hand side of the initial letter O, but otherwise the whole is completely distinct and legible. The name Oria is very unusual, and there seems to be no reason for thinking any letters at the commencement of the inscription are lost'.|
Macalister/1945, 372: `Possibly the letter preceding the O was a V, but we can feel no certainty of this, as the surface is fractured'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 92: `Roman capitals...in rather clumsy style'.
Macalister/1945, 371: `what remains is in good condition; but the beginning of the name is broken away'.
Both Macalister/1945, 371, and Nash-Williams/1950, 92, state, however, that there are missing letters. Westwood appears to have been working from rubbings.