|Discovery:||first mentioned, 1845 Way, A.|
|History:||Rhys/1873, 6--7: `Aug. 19. --...From Pembroke we went by train to Penally the nearest station to Tenby, where we expected to find...[this] cross...but we could find no trace of it, though we saw two other interesting crosses standing in the churchyard'.|
Westwood/1879, 118--119: `In the Journal of the Archaeological Institute, vol. i. Proceedings, p. 384, October, 1844, the late Albert Way, Esq., published two figures of two fragments of carved stones, which he regarded as portions of the same cross, and which were employed as jambs of the fire-place in the vestry; these, by permission of the Vicar, were taken out...From a letter from Mr. J. Romilly Allen to myself, dated May 10, 1878, it appears that the inscribed fragment above described is no longer to be found at Penally; the other fragment still remaining at the rectory. I find however, in the account of the Tenby Meeting of the Cambrian Archaeological Association in 1851 (Arch. Camb., 1851, p. 340), it is stated that the inscribed Penally stone was exhibited in the temporary museum at Tenby (it is not stated by whom), but in a preceding page, 338, it is stated that a rubbing of the same fragment was exhibited by Mrs. Gwynne. Is it possible that the inscribed fragment still remains at the Tenby Museum, or is it now in private hands? In either case, it ought to be restored, and fixed with the other fragment in the walls of Penally Church or elsewhere, so as not to hide the carving on both sides of the stones'.
Macalister/1949, 173: `At a meeting of the Cambrian Archaeeological Association, held at Tenby in August 1851, a loan collection of antiquities was exhibited, including: `One of the crosses from Penally Churchyard, with an inscription'. It had previously been illustrated by Way in the Archaeological Institute's Journal, where he describes how it and another carved stone were found, acting as the jambs of a fireplace in the church vestry. After the exhibition in 1851 it appears that the stone was never seen again'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 205: `The stone was exhibited to the Cambrian Archaeological Association at its Tenby Meeting in 1851, but has apparently since been lost'.
|Dimensions:||0.25 x 0.3 x 0.0 (converted from Westwood/1879)|
|Setting:||Lost (present 1851, missing 1879)|
|Location:||Lost after an exhibition (Westwood/1879, 119).|
|Form:||Cramp shaft B|
Nash-Williams/1950, 204: `Fragment of a faintly splayed shaft (? of a freestanding slab-cross similar to No. 364), with moulded angles (? mostly fractured away). 10" h. x 12" w. x?" t. The fragment is decorated on all faces with carved patterns in low (?) relief, and is also inscribed'.
Westwood/1879, 119: `The inscribed stone is 12 inches wide and 10 inches high, rather narrowing gradually in its upper part'.
|Condition:||frgmntry , n/a|
|Decorations:||geometric ribbon interlace; geometric key pattern|
Westwood/1879, 118: `The face of one of these fragments, represented in my fig. 7, is ornamented with interlaced ribbons (each formed of three longitudinal divisions); below which is an inscription...The back of this fragment is represented in fig. 8, and is occupied with a densely interlaced triple ribbon-pattern formed into two great transverse knots. The narrow edges of this fragment, figures 9 and 10, are ornamented with interlaced ribbons and the Chinese Z-like diagonal pattern'.
Macalister/1949, 173: `The back bore a fragment of an interlacing ornament, while the front bore another, with this imperfect inscription in a panel'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 204: `Front. The decoration is disposed vertically in panels: (a) twelve-cord triple-beaded knotwork (R.A. 662, used also on No. 366 below); (b) Latin inscription...Right. Part of a vertical band of four-cord triple-beaded knotwork (R.A. 619, used also on No. 364), merging below into a band of four-cord triple-beaded ring-twist (R.A. 574). Back. The decoration is disposed vertically in a continuous band: (a) twelve-cord triple-beaded plait; (b) ten-cord triple-beaded plait. Left. The decoration is disposed in narrow vertical panels: (a) diagonal key-pattern (Cf. R.A. 884 a, used also on No. 366); (b) four-cord double-beaded plait (cf. R.A. 544, a common Irish motif). The style of the fragment is similar to that of No. 366'.
|Westwood, J.O. (1879):||HECESTCRUX | QUAMA/EDIFICA | UITMAILDOMNAC | L[--]T[...--]|
HEC EST CRUX QUAM AEDIFICAVIT MAEL DOMNAC L[--]T[--]
Westwood/1876 118 reading only
|Macalister, R.A.S. (1949):||HECESTCRUX | QUAMA/EDIFICA | UITMALDOMNA[C] | H[--]GUI[--]|
HEC EST CRUX QUAM AEDIFICAVIT MALDOMNA[C] H[--]GUI[--]
Macalister/1949 173 reading only
|Nash-Williams, V.E. (1950):||HECESTCRUX | QUAMA/EDIFICA | UITM[A^E]ILDOMNAC | [--]|
HAEC EST CRUX QUAM AEDIFICAUIT MAIL DOMNAC [--]
This is the Cross which Mail (PN) Domnac (PN) erected.
Nash-Williams/1939 10 reading only
Nash-Williams/1950 204 concise discussion
|Position:||ind ; broad ; n/a ; panel|
Nash-Williams/1950, 204: `Latin inscription (incomplete) in four or more lines (end-lines defaced) reading horizontally'.
|Date:||900 - 933 (Nash-Williams/1950)|
|Ling. Notes:||Nash-Williams/1939, 10: `The formula used in the inscription may be a variant of that employed on the 9th century Houelt cross at Llantwit Major, and on other late monuments in the same region'.|
|Palaeography:||Westwood/1879, 118: `Hiberno-Saxon minuscule letters'.|
Nash-Williams/1939, 10: `The lettering is in Hiberno-Saxon round half-uncials'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 204: `Round half-uncials'.
Macalister/1949, 173: `the bottom of which [inscription] is broken away'.