|Discovery:||first mentioned, 1693 Lhuyd, E.|
|History:||Nash-Williams/1950, 154: `The stone is in Margam Abbey Museum'.|
RCAHMW/1976, 53: `Recorded about 1693 with No. 919 near Margam. and re-set in Margam Stones Museum.
 Stowe MS. 1024, pp. 14 and 62 (E. Lhuyd)'.
|Geology:||Macalister/1949, 160: `limestone'.|
Nash-Williams/1950, 152: `Local Pennant sandstone'.
RCAHMW/1976, 53: `Pennant sandstone'.
|Dimensions:||1.65 x 0.79 x 0.25 (RCAHMW/1976)|
|Location:||Margam Stones Museum (Cat: no. 11)|
Knight/1999, shows that this stone is now in the Margam Stones Museum on the ground floor, marked as no. 11.
Westwood/1879, 30: `This sculptured stone here represented is very similar to that of Ilquici [MARG3/1], being 5 1/2 feet high, 2 feet wide in the middle of the inscription, and 34 inches wide at the top, its thickness varying from 11 to 5 inches'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 152: `Roughly shaped square-headed cross-slab, partly cut away below the head and tapering slightly to the foot. 80 1/2" h. (overall) x 14" w. at bottom, increasing to 25" w. across head, x 10--8" t. Local Pennant sandstone. The slab is decorated with carved and incised ornament on all faces, and is also inscribed...Same type as No. 236. [MARG3/1]'.
RCAHMW/1976, 53: `The slab...is 1.65 m high above the buried base and 25cm thick. The upper half forms a squared head 79cm wide and tapering slightly in thickness at the top, while the narrower lower half or shaft tapers in width to 63cm at the foot (one angle fractured off). Each face has carved or incised decoration, one face also having an inscription'.
|Condition:||complete , some|
|Crosses:||1: equal-armed; outline; expanded; plain; circular; none; outer curv; none; plain|
Westwood/1879, 30: `The upper part is carved on both faces with a plain wheel-cross with eight spokes, the four spaces between the four limbs of the cross being wider and deeper than the limbs themselves. The wheel is surrounded by a second plain circular line, which on the back of the cross ends above in two small circles.
The lower division of the face is formed by lines into a nearly square panel, in which is inscribed...The lower half of the reverse of the stone has a plain square panel, and one of the edges is carved with a serpentine line divided by an indentation of the side'.
Macalister/1949, 160: `it bears a spoked wheel cross...On the sides of the slab there are simple zig-zag or lozenge patterns, and on the back another spoked cross'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 152--154: `Front. The head is filled with a `panelled-cartwheel' cross (see No. 236) in low relief, with incised rings in the spandrels. The shaft below is edged with incised double border-lines and rings enclosing a Latin inscription...Right. Incised wavy lines, one with ring (top), disposed vertically between incised border-lines. Back. The head is filled as before with a `panelled-cartwheel' cross carved in low relief, with incised rings in the spandrels above. Below is a plain double-bordered panel filling the shaft. Left. Incised wavy lines with rings and a ring-and-boss device between incised border-lines as before'.
RCAHMW/1976, 53: `On both the main faces (N. and S.) the head is framed by rounded angle-mouldings, continued down the shaft, and is filled with a ringed panelled cross ... the splayed arms and larger inter-arm spaces are all sunken, the plain ribs (or `spokes') radiating from a central ringed boss (that on the S. face lost by fracture). Incorporated in the outer moulded ring on the S. face and also in the upper spandrels of both faces are single incised rings.
The shaft on the S. face forms a panel framed by edge-moulding in false relief that incorporates a pair of incised rings towards the foot of one side, and in each upper angle is another incised ring (the W. one worn away). In the panel is an inscription...The opposite face has a panel on the shaft similarly framed but plain.
On the narrow E. side the head is decorated with two unequal incised rings at the top joined by an incised serpentine line to a larger double ring, the weathered shaft below showing traces of a serpentine line. The W. side has at the top a single incised ring from which depends an incised serpentine line, and another similar but discontinuous line fills the shaft'.
|Westwood, J.O. (1879):||:ILCIFECIT: | HANCCRUCE | M:INNOMIN | E:DI~SUMMI|
ILCI FECIT HANC CRUCEM IN NOMINE DI SUMMI
Westwood/1876 30 reading only
|Rhys, J. (1899):||ILCI:[FE]CIT | H[A]NC:CRUCE | M:I[NNO]MIN | E:DISUMMI|
ILCI FECIT HANC CRUCEM IN NOMINE DI SUMMI
Ilci(PN) made this cross in the name of God the most High.
Rhys/1899 138 reading only
Rhys/1905 35 reading only
|Macalister, R.A.S. (1949):||ILCIFECIT | [--]CRUCE | M:INNOMIN | E:DISUMMI|
ILCI FECIT [HANC] CRUCEM IN NOMINE DI SUMMI
Macalister/1949 160, Plate LVII reading only
|Nash-Williams, V.E. (1950):||ILCI:[FE]CIT | [--]CRUCE | M:[.]N[O.]IN | E:DISUMMI|
ILCI FECIT [HANC] CRUCEM I[N] N[OM]INE D[E]I SUMMI
Ilci (PN) this cross in the Name of God Most High.
Nash-Williams/1950 154 reading only
|RCAHMW (1976):||[--]ILCI:[FE]CIT | H[ANC]:CRUCE | M:I[N]N[O]MIN | E:DI:SUMMI|
[--]ILCI [FE]CIT H[ANC] CRUCEM I[N] N[O]MINE DI SUMMI
Ilci (PN) made this cross in the name of God Most High.
RCAHMW/1976 53 reading only
|Position:||ind ; broad ; below cross ; panel|
Westwood/1879, 30: `The lower division of the face is formed by lines into a nearly square panel'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 154: `Latin inscription...in four lines reading horizontally'.
RCAHMW/1976, 53: `In the panel is an inscription in four horizontal lines'.
Macalister/1949, 160: `pocked'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 154: `thinly picked'.
|Date:||900 - 1099 (RCAHMW/1976)|
1000 - 1099 (Nash-Williams/1950)
|Ling. Notes:||Nash-Williams/1950, 154: `For the formula Cf. No. 220 and p. 41'.|
RCAHMW/1976, 53: `Di for Dei is a common form'.
|Palaeography:||Westwood/1879, 30: `A few of the letters are considerably defaced, but sufficient remains to determine the reading given above. The letters are minuscules of a more ancient form than those of the crosses of Grutne and Brancuf'.|
Rhys/1899, 138: `The letters are of a minuscule kind, but they are mostly angular; especially the E, the C, and the T. One cannot feel sure as to the exact shape of the a or the o'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 154: `Round half-uncials, thinly picked in fairly good style. The words are interpunctuated with single points'.
RCAHMW/1976, 53: `The lettering is mostly in regular half-uncials with E-s of a rounded Roman form; the words are separated by single dots...It is...possible that one or more additional lines have been lost by obliteration'.
Macalister/1949, 160: `now much worn'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 154: `partly obliterated'.
RCAHMW/1976, 53: `partly worn away'.
RCAHMW/1976, 53: `It remains uncertain (because of wear on the surface) whether the proper name Ilci is complete in itself or lacks an initial letter.
 Cf. `Elci' and similar forms cited by Rhys in Arch. Camb., 1899, pp. 138--9'.