|Discovery:||first mentioned, 1650 Vaughan, R.|
|History:||Vaughan/1850, 204: `In the church wall of Llanfawr is a piece of stone, with these letters'. [Vaughan lived 1592 to 1666, his manuscript history of the county was published in 1850 in Arch. Camb.].|
Rhys/1873, 11: `A stone built into the side of a window in Llanfor church, near Bala'.
Westwood/1876, 163: `first noticed in the first half of the seventeenth century by Robert Vaughan in his MS. account of the county...This stone is also mentioned in the Cambro-Briton, vol. i, and by Professor Rhys (Notes, p. 11).
At the Meeting of the Cambrian Archaeological Association at Carmarthen in 1875, Mr. Howel Lloyd associated this stone with the bard Llywarch Hen, from his connexion with the district. The Rev. D. R. Thomas however, although admitting the traditions and adding `that a spot adjacent to the church was called `Pabell Llywarch Hen', could not agree to Mr. Lloyd's interpretation of the inscription'.
|Dimensions:||0.81 x 0.15 x 0.01 (converted from Macalister/1945)|
Macalister/1945, 394: `Now built into the inner face of the church porch'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 170: `Inside church, built into W. wall of tower (= porch)'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 170: `Fragmentary rough pillar-stone'.
|Condition:||incomplete , some|
|Decorations:||no other decoration|
|Vaughan, R. (1650):||CA/VOSENIARSII|
Vaughan/1850 204 reading only
|Rhys, J. (1873):||CA/VOSENIARGLI|
Rhys/1873 11 reading only
|Macalister, R.A.S. (1945):||--]CA/VOSENIARGII|
Macalister/1945 394 concise discussion
|Nash-Williams, V.E. (1950):||CA/VOSENIARGII|
Cavo(s) (PN) (son) of (Seniargios) (PN) (lies here ?).
Nash-Williams/1950 170 concise discussion
|Position:||n/a ; ind ; n/a ; undecorated|
Nash-Williams/1950, 170: `Latin inscription (? incomplete) in one line reading vertically downwards'.
Macalister/1945, 394: `The letters were chiselled'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 170: `lightly cut'.
|Date:||400 - 533 (Nash-Williams/1950)|
|Language:||name only (rcaps)|
|Palaeography:||Westwood/1876, 163: `Prof. Huebner (Inscript., p. 46, No. 133) has figured the stone from a rubbing sent him by Prof. Rhys, with the reading Cavoseniargii, adding, `Cavos Eniarsii Vaughan legit, Cavo Seniarsii legendum putavit,' adding, `Imago quamvis in fine li potius videatur exhiibere tamen ii probabilius est. Linea subscripta (beneath the last two letters) aut fortuita est aut interpunctionis vice fungitur'.|
The inscription is 23 inches long by 4 inches wide, and is here represented from four rubbings communicated by W. W. E. Wynne, Esq., in 1849, and the late Rev. H. L. Jones. The crack under the last two letters is shown in them to extend under several of the preceding letters.
 l do not know whence Huebner obtained this incorrect idea, as the letter following the R is a G, and not a S, as may he seen by comparing it with the S near the beginning of the inscription'.
Macalister/1945, 394--395: `The penultimate letter is I, not L, as some have read it: when I visited the stone I found some meddler had tried with a hard pencil to to turn it into a T. The tail of the sickle-shaped G has been continued into the plaster in which the stone is now embedded. A small mark like a Z, certainly intentional, is attached to the dexter side of the second A; it is possibly meant as a symbol for ET'.
Nash-Williams/1950, 170: `Roman capitals, lightly cut in good style, with one ligature. CA is also conjoined'.
Macalister/1945, 394: `The letters...are in good condition'.