|Discovery:||in/on structure, 1824 Jones, H.L.|
|History:||Jones/1847b, 43, states that the stone was found in 1824 during the re-building of the church: `[it] formed part of the wall of the old church, but [is] now lying neglected, and almost unknown, in the churchyard'.|
Westwood/1856, 145: `standing in the churchyard, at the south-east side of the church'.
Radford/1937b, cvi: `Found in pulling down old church in 1824 and now stands in the west porch of the parish church'.
Macalister/1945, 307: `Lying in 1847 in the churchyard SE of the church; afterwards carried into the church porch, where for long it lay in a dark corner up on the floor; now clamped against the E wall of the porch, so that light from the open doorway can fall on the inscription'.
|Geology:||Westwood/1879, 189: `schistose breccia slab (commonly found as boulders in that part of Anglesea)'.|
|Dimensions:||1.3 x 0.83 x 0.15 (converted from Macalister/1945)|
RCAHMW/1937, cvi: `In west porch of parish church'.
Macalister/1945, 307: `clamped against the E. wall of the porch'.
The stone has suffered some flaking on the bottom left and top right.
|Condition:||incomplete , some|
The bottom left of the stone has suffered from a break.
|Decorations:||band; geometric other|
Macalister/1945, 307: `At the top there are two horizontal lines with zigzag between them - a rare attempt at ornamentation'.
Radford/1937b, cvi: `The whole is incased in a border, single at the base, double with a zig-zag between at the top'.
RCAHMW/1937, 90: `At the top of the stone is a band of chevrons'.
|Westwood, J.O. (1856):||CULIDORI | IACIT | ETORVVITE | MULIER | SECUNDI|
CULIDORI IACIT ET ORVVITE MULIER SECUNDI
Huebner/1876 53 reading only
Westwood/1856 146 reading only
Westwood/1876 189 reading only
|Radford, C.A.R. (1938):||CVLIDOR | IACIT | ETORVVITE | MVLIERI | SECVNDI | FILIVS|
CULIDOR IACIT ET ORVVITE MULIERI SECUNDI FILIUS
RCAHMW/1937 cvi reading only
|Macalister, R.A.S. (1945):||CULIDORI | IACIT | ETORVVVITE | MULIERI | SECUNDI | FILIUS|
CULIDORI IACIT ET ORVVITE MULIERI SECUNDI FILIUS
Culidorus (PN) lies here son of Secundus (PN), and his wife Orvvite (PN).
Macalister/1928 302 reading only
Macalister/1930 459--460 reading only
Macalister/1945 307--308 reading only
|Nash-Williams, V.E. (1950):||CVLIDOR[I] | IACIT | ETORVVITE | MVLIERI | SECVNDI | [FILIVS]|
CULIDOR(I) IACIT ET ORVVIT(A)E MULIERI(S) SECUNDI FILIUS
(The stone) of Culidor (or Culidorix) (PN) and of his wife Orvvita (PN). (Here) he lies, (son) of Secundus (PN).
Nash-Williams/1950 59 reading only
|Position:||inc ; broad ; n/a ; panel|
The inscription is placed between a double-lined border of chevrons at the top and a single border line at the bottom. The possible word FILIUS is below the bottom border.
Macalister/1945, 307: `lettering pocked'.
Westwood/1856, 145, and Westwood/1879, 189: `carved'.
|Date:||400 - 499 (Radford/1937b)|
400 - 533 (Nash-Williams/1950)
|Palaeography:||Nash-Williams/1950, 59: `Roman capitals carelessly formed'.|
RCAHMW/1937, cvi: `all letters are in capitals'.
The third and fourth lines appear to have been carved by a second lapidary after the fifth line had been carved. The letters are smaller and shallower.
The `S' of Secundi begins with a horizontal stroke making the letter approximate a `5'. The Rs are open bowed, and some of the strokes do not seem to join, such as the angled-strokes of the A and the U in Secundi.
Macalister/1945, 308, draws attention to the possibility that Orvvvite, with three Vs may be the reading -- `it is doubtful, however, if this letter has any phonetic intention', in which case it seems best, if it is there, to see it as a carving error.
Macalister/1945, 307: `lettering... much worn...the fourth [line] which is faintly blocked out in `pinscrapes' and was never finished'.
Jones/1847, 43: `The inscription is almost illegible from the effects of weathering...there are traces of other letters on the stone, beneath the lower line..but they are so indistinct that nothing can be made out of them'.
Macalister/1928, 302, speaks of the `almost total dissappearance of the word FILIUS. The `F' can just be traced and no more: the rest of the word has been utterly defaced'.
RCAHMW/1937, cvi: `it is possible to feel the letters filius marked on the stone but never cut'.
Jackson/1953, 597, sees no -i- affection in this name.
Orvvite is included in Zimmer/1995, 331-332, as a Welsh name.