|Discovery:||first mentioned, 1806 Gough, R.|
|History:||Gough/1806, ii, 508 and iii, 141, are the earliest references to the stone. Macalister/1949, 142: `In 1857 it was removed by the Earl of Cawdor to the lower garden of Golden Grove, near Llanarthney; in 1930 it was transferred to Cardiff Museum'. Macalister/1949, 142, cites Jones/1854, 303, as the earliest publication of the stone.|
|Geology:||Nash-Williams/1950, 115: `local feldspathic sandstone'.|
|Dimensions:||2.08 x 0.66 x 0.2 (converted from Macalister/1949)|
|Location:||National Museum, Cardiff (Cat: 30.47)|
Now in the National Museum in Cardiff.
|Form:||Cramp shaft B|
|Condition:||incomplete , good|
Macalister/1949, 142: `the top is broken off'.
|Decorations:||geometric ribbon interlace; geometric key pattern; geometric other|
Macalister/1949, 142--143: `The whole stone is covered with geometrical devices, pocked and rubbed smooth, but not very artistically executed.
Face A bears the following devices, from above downward: Greek fret; vertical and horizontal key pattern; interlacement; panel with incription...vertical and horizontal key pattern; diagonal key pattern.
Side A: a key pattern.
Face B: interlacement; fret; diagonal, vertical, and horizontal key pattern.
Side B: a Greek fret, the angles filled with pellets.'
Nash-Williams/1950, 115--116: `It is decorated on all faces with carved patterns in low relief...Front. The decoration is disposed vertically in panels. (a) Four squares of double-beaded swastika key-pattern; (b) two pairs of interlinked double-beaded oval rings; (c) transverse panel with an inscription...; (d) two squares of double-beaded swastika key-pattern; (e) double horizontal band of diaper key-pattern. Right. Narrow vertical panel of diaper key-pattern variously disposed...Back. The decoration is in three panels: (a) plain fourteen-cord (merging into sixteen cord) knotwork with irregular `breaks'; (b) plain twenty-four-cord plait with irregular breaks; (c) four squares of diaper-key pattern with pellets. Left. Narrow vertical panel of T-fret pattern variously disposed...The present monument would appear from the relatively good style of its decoration to be somewhat earlier than [others of late 10th and early 11th century]'.
Redknap/1991, 73: `recognisable as a southern Welsh type of the 10th century. Once again the panelled patterning is mainly Irish in inspiration and was perhaps derived from manuscript decoration'.
|Macalister, R.A.S. (1949):||EIUDON|
Macalister/1949 142 reading only
|Nash-Williams, V.E. (1950):||EIUDON|
(? The cross of) Eiudon(PN).
Nash-Williams/1950 115 reading only
|Position:||n/a ; broad ; n/a ; panel|
Nash-Williams/1950, 115: `coarsely picked in good style'.
Macalister/1949, 142: `pocked and rubbed smooth'.
|Date:||900 - 999 (Nash-Williams/1950)|
900 - 999 (Redknap/1991)
|Language:||name only (rbook)|
|Palaeography:||Nash-Williams/1950, 115: `Round half-uncials...The angular form of the U with the downward continuation of the first stroke is unusual'.|