|Discovery:||first mentioned, 1699 Lhuyd, E.|
|History:||Harbison/1992, 4, argues that the reference to a High Cross at Clonmacnoise from the year 957 in the Annals of the Four Masters, is a reference to this cross. Under the year 1060 the same source makes specific reference to `Cros na Screaptra' - the cross of the Scriptures. Harbison also states that in 1699 Edward Lhuyd recorded the cross in drawings now held at the British Library (Stowe MSS 1023-24).|
Petrie/1872, 42: `Drawn by Dr. Petrie at Clonmacnois, in the year 1822'.
For a discussion of the history of the study of this stone see Henry/1980, 36--46.
King/1992a, 22--23, states that this cross, the 'Cross of the scriptures' was moved into the Visitor's centre and replaced by a replica in 1991.
|Geology:||Harbison/1992, 48: `sandstone millstone grit'.|
|Dimensions:||3.15 x 1.45 x 0.38 (Harbison/1992)|
|Location:||Visitor's centre, Clonmacnoise (Cat: n/a)|
King/1992a, 22--23, states that the cross in now in the visitor's centre at Clonmacnoise.
|Form:||Cramp sh. A, head 1a|
|Condition:||frgmntry , some|
Harbison/1992, 48: `The monolithic cross is 3.15m tall, 1.45m across the arms, and the shaft measures 54cm wide and 38cm thick. It rests on a base which is 75sm high, and 1.20m by 1.07m at ground level.
|Decorations:||animal; boss; figural; geometric ribbon interlace; geometric key pattern; other|
Harbison/1992, 48--53, gives a full description of the decoration of the cross. Here it is only summarised.
EAST FACE (Figs 132--35):
Lower Panel - Two chariots, drawn by two horses each, and each with a charioteer
and a passenger.
Upper Panel - Three horsemen proceeding to the left.
Plinth - Inscription.
E1 - Joseph interprets the dream of Pharaoh's Butler.
E2 - The Chief Butler gives the cup into Pharaoh's hand.
E3 - Traditio Clavium - Christ seated in the centre hands a key to Peter and a book to Paul, both of whom are standing.
Centre - The last judgement.
Top - Majestas Domini - Christ with book flanked by two angels.
Ring - Decorated by four roundels ornamented with a variety of boss motifs, from which snake-like figures emerge. Also panels of animal ornament.
SOUTH SIDE (Figs 136--38).
Lower panel - Hunting scene.
Upper Panel - Jacob and the angel.
Plinth - Inhabited vine-scroll.
S1 - Human interlace.
S2 - David playing his lyre.
S3 - David? as a shepherd.
Underside of ring - S-spirals flanking a sunken panel with two human heads enmeshed in serpents.
Underside of arm - The Hand of God.
End of arm - A tronco-pyramidal boss with fret-pattern.
Upper side of ring - A sunken vertical panel with interlace in the centre.
Top of Shaft - Panel of interlinked bosses above which is loose interlace.
WEST FACE (Figs. 139--41, 144, 917)
Lower panel - Left - Christ entering Jerusalem.
Lower panel - Centre - The resurrection?
Lower panel - Right - The Holy women at the tomb.
Upper panel - The raised Christ / Mission to the Apostles.
Plinth - Inscription.
W1 - Christ in the Tomb.
W2 - The Mocking or Flagellation of Christ.
W3 - The Soldiers casting lots for Christ's seamless garment.
Centre - The Crucifixion.
North Arm - The Sun / The Ocean.
South Arm - The Moon / The Earth.
Top - A panel with five interlinked bosses.
Ring - Roll mouldings at the edges, with animal interlace; bossed decoration linked to
form S-spirals; bird with outstretched wings; horseman.
NORTH SIDE (Figs. 142--43, 145--46).
Lower Panel - Animals, one of which is a unicorn.
Upper Panel - Animals, two griffins and a lion devouring human body parts.
Plinth - Framed panel with two quadrupeds enmeshed in interlace which may stem
from a tree placed between the animals.
N1 - St. Anthony overcoming the Devil.
N2 - The Burial of St Paul the Hermit.
N3 - Saints Paul and Anthony.
Underside of ring - Two vertical panels of interlace, flanked by a sunken panel with two human heads, enmeshed in a figure-of-eight shaped serpent.
Underside of arm - A cat-like figure devouring the legs of an animal.
End of arm - A tronco-pyramidal boss, with a central panel decorated with a cross, also
Upper side of ring - Panel of interlace.
Top - Panel of bosses, with fretwork and interlace.
|Petrie, G. (1822):||O~R~DOFLAVNDM~C | MAELSECHLAIND || [.]OLMANDORRO | [INIINCROI]SSAAR | INRI [FL]AND|
OROIT DO FLAVND MAC MAELSECHLAND [C]OLMAN DORRO[INI IN CROI]SSA AR IN RI [FL]AND
Pray for Fland (PN), son of Maelsechlaind (PN). Colman (PN), who made this Cross for the King Fland (PN).
Petrie/1872 42 reading only
|O Murchadha, D. (1980):||ORDORIGFL[.]INDM~MA | [--]N[--]O | ROITDORIGHERENNOR | DOCOLMANDORRO | [--]ANCROSSAAR[.] | [--]RIGFLAIND[--]|
ORDO RIG FL[A]IND M(AC) MA[--]N[--] OROIT DO RIG HERENN OR DO COLMAN DORRO[--] AN CROSSA AR [--] RIG FLAIND [--]
Prayer for the king Flaind (PN) son of Ma[--](PN) Prayer for King of Ireland prayer For Colman (PN) who the cross on king Flaind (PN).
Harbison/1992 357 reading only
OMurchadha/1980 47--51 reading only
|Harbison, P. (1992):||[--]ANDORRO | [--]AR[.] | [--]D[--] | [--]NDM~[--] | [--] | [--]|
Harbison/1992 356 reading only
|Position:||many ; shaft ; n/a ; separated|
Harbison/1992, 356--57: `The cross of the Scriptures has fragmentary inscriptions on the plinth of the shaft of both faces...east face...[and] the west face.'
|Date:||900 - 915 (Harbison/1992)|
|Ling. Notes:||See Harbison/1979, for some detailed commentary on this inscription.|
|Palaeography:||CISP: The lettering is Insular half-uncial. In general the letters have a round and squat appearance. Even on ÓMurchadha's illustrations (ÓMurchadha/1980, p. 49), little can be made out regarding the detailed form of the letters. Nonetheless the Ss and Rs appear to be majuscule and the Ds are in the form of a O with a short stroke from the top left of the bow. Some of the Ns are majuscule, while others are minuscule. The Ms have curved top strokes.|
Harbison/1992, 356--57, argues that the inscription is badly damaged, with little visible to the naked eye.
Also see the detailed comments of ÓMurchadha/1980, 47--51.