|Discovery:||in/on structure, 1848 CAA|
|History:||Westwood/1879, 181--182, `During the meeting of the Cambrian Archaeological Association at Caernarvon in September, 1848, a visit to Bardsey Island was made, when a stone was found in a cottage adjacent to the ruins of the abbey, of which the Dean of Hereford took a clay cast, from which a plaster one was made...The cast is still preserved in the museum now in Caernarvon Castle, and was again examined by me during the meeting at that town in 1877.|
The drawing here published is the result of my examination...'
Macalister/1949, 143: `Found in a cottage in 1848, during an excursion of the Cambrian Archaeological Association to Bardsey.'
The stone was moved to its current location prior to 1964.
|Dimensions:||0.71 x 0.39 x 0.13 (converted from RCAHMW/1964)|
|Location:||Wesleyan Chapel; Current location.|
RCAHMW/1964, 19, `...in porch of Wesleyan chapel near site of abbey'.
|Form:||Cramp shaft B|
Nash-Williams/1950, 86, `Lower portion of a splayed shaft (? of a free-standing slab-cross). The shaft bears carved decoration in low to medium relief on all (?) faces, and is also inscribed.'
RCAHMW/1964, 19 `Fragment of a cross-slab...the lower part, tapering towards the missing head.'
|Condition:||incomplete , poor|
The slab is broken, probably in about half, and has also been dressed down on both the right-hand side and the back (Nash-Williams/1950, 86, RCAHMW/1964, 19).
|Decorations:||figural; geometric ribbon interlace|
Nash-Williams/1950, 86, `Front. The decoration is disposed vertically in panels : (a) lower part of a standing male (?) figure, facing front, with feet turned outwards, wearing a long `pleated' kilt-like skirt coming down below the knees...; (b) vertical band of plain ten-cord (?) circular knotwork (mostly defaced). Right Inscription...The decoration on the other faces has been dressed away.'
RCAHMW/1964, 19, `The front is carved in relief in two framed panels. The lower contains a cruciform single-strand ring-knot, surrounded by interlacing pattern, much defaced. The upper shows the lower half of a figure facing front, wearing a pleated skirt falling to the shins; the top is broken off below waist level. ...[The text] is within an incised border. The dexter edge shows traces of a similar border but no inscription.'
|Westwood, J.O. (1848):||--]MARCVELIO|
--] MARC VELIO
Anon/1848 363 reading only
Huebner/1876 50 reading only
Westwood/1876 181 reading only
|Westwood, J.O. (1877):||ESILVMARCUELIO|
ESILV MARC UELIO
Westwood/1876 182 reading only
|Macalister, R.A.S. (1949):||--]ESAUMARCUEUA|
[FILI name] ESAU MARCU EUA
Esau (PN), Marcus (PN), Eua (PN), [children of NN].
Macalister/1949 143 reading only
|Nash-Williams, V.E. (1950):||--]ESILLIMARIGUELIO|
Nash-Williams/1950 86 reading only
|Position:||inc ; narrow ; n/a ; panel|
The broad face of the stone is decorated, the inscription is on the narrow face of the stone in a panel.
Nash-Williams/1950, `lightly picked and deepened by cutting'.
|Date:||900 - 1099 (Nash-Williams/1950)|
500 - 599 (Anon/1848)
|Ling. Notes:||Macalister/1945, 143, `We may compare for the formula the Cuby inscription (461) [TGONY/1/1]'.|
This formula is that reconstructed for the missing section of the inscription.
Nash-Williams/1950, 86, `Meaning uncertain'.
|Palaeography:||Westwood/1876, 182, `the letters about an inch and a-half high, consisting of Hiberno-Saxon minuscules'.|
Macalister/1949, 143, `Judging from the length that must be added to complete the damaged figure, I estimate that about nine letters are missing from the beginning of the inscription ; this would give space for a restoration FILI [name of 4 or 5 letters]I.'
Nash-Williams/1950, 82, `Round half-uncials'.
There is some disagreement as to the reading of this text suggesting that although the letters are visible they are difficult to decipher.
Macalister/1949, 143, `I estimate about nine letters are missing from the beginning of the inscription'.